Abu Al-Nasr Al-Farabi

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Ahli Falsafah Islam
Al-Farabi.jpg
Gelaran Alpharabius
Nama Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Fārābī
Lahir 872 M
Faryāb di Khorāsān
Wafat 950 M
Damsyik
Etnik Parsi atau Turkic
Zaman Zaman Kegemilangan Islam
Minat utama Metafizik, Falsafah Politik, Logik, Muzik, Sains, Etika, Mistik, Epistimologi
Karya yang popular kitāb al-mūsīqī al-kabīr ("The Great Book Of Music"), ārā ahl al-madīna al-fāḍila ("The Virtuous City"), kitāb iḥṣāʾ al-ʿulūm ("On The Introduction Of Knowledge"), kitāb iḥṣāʾ al-īqā'āt ("Classification Of Rhythms")

Tokoh Abu Al-Nasr Al-Farabi (محمد فارابی) atau dikenali sebagai "Al-Farabi" juga Alpharabius di dunia Barat merupakan salah seorang pakar sains dan ahli falsafah Islam yang hebat di dalam dunia Islam pada awal Zaman Pertengahan. Beliau juga terkenal sebagai ahli kosmologi, logik dan muzik. Beliau hidup antara tahun 870 - 950 M. Dia berasal dari Farab, Kazakhstan.

Al-Farabi mendapat gelaran di kalangan sarjana Muslim sebagai "Guru Kedua", yakni pewaris Aristotle, "Guru Pertama", melalui ulasan dan treatis karangannya.

Muzik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lukisan daripada Kitab al-musiqa al-kabir. Lukisan alat muzik bergelar shahrud

Farabi menulis buku berkaitan muzik berjudul Kitab al-Musiqa al-Kabir atau Kitab Agung Muzik. Mengikut cendekiawan Muslim Profesor Seyyed Hossein Nasr dan Mehdi Aminrazavi:[1] "Dalam Kitab al-Musiqa Al-Farabi mengutarakan prinsip-prinsip falsafah muzik; dalam treatis Maksud Intelek al-Farabi menangani isu terapi muzik, dalam mana beliau membincangkan kesan pengubatan muzik terhadap semangat manusia."[2]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]


Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Professor Mehdi Aminrazavi. "An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Vol. 1: From Zoroaster to Umar Khayyam", I.B. Tauris in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2007. Pg 135: "Morever, he was a master of music theory; his Kitab al-Musiqa al-Kabir (The Great book on Music), known in the West as a book on Arabic music, is in reality a study of the theory of Persian music of his day as well as presenting certain great philosophical principle about music, its cosmic qualities, and its influence on the soul"
  2. Amber Haque (2004), "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists", Journal of Religion and Health 43 (4): 357-377 [363].


Bibiliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Corbin, Henry; Hossein Nasr and Utman Yahya (1993). History of Islamic Philosophy. Keagan Paul International. ISBN 978-0710304162. 
  • Habib Hassan Touma (1996). The Music of the Arabs, trans. Laurie Schwartz. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN 0-9313...
  • Majid Fakhry, Al-Farabi, Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works, and Influence, Oxford: Oneworld Publications, (2002), ISBN 1-85168-302-X. Trad. esp.: "Alfarabi y la fundación de la filosofía política islámica", trad R. Ramón Guerrero, Barcelona, Herder, 2003.
  • Christoph Marcinkowski, "A Biographical Note on Ibn Bajjah (Avempace) and an English Translation of his Annotations to Al-Farabi's Isagoge". Iqbal Review (Lahore, Pakistan), vol. 43, no 2 (April 2002), pp 83–99.
  • Deborah Black. Al-Farabi in Leaman, O & Nasr, H (2001). History of Islamic Philosophy. London: Routledge.
  • David Reisman. Al-Farabi and the Philosophical Curriculum In Adamson, P & Taylor, R. (2005). The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Deborah Black. Psychology: Soul and Intellect in Adamson, P and Taylor, R. (2005). The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Charles Butterworth. Ethical and Political Philosophy in Adamson, P and Taylor, R. (2005). The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rafael Ramón Guerrero. “Apuntes biográficos de al-Fârâbî según sus vidas árabes”, in Anaquel de Estudios Árabes, 14 (2003) 231-238.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

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