Ahmed III

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Osmanli-nisani.svg    Ahmed III
Sultan Uthmaniyyah
Khalifah
Levni 002.jpeg
Tughra of Ahmed III.JPG
Tempoh pemerintahan 28 Disember,1703 – 20 September,1730
Tempoh Genangan Empayar Uthmaniyyah
Nama penuh Ahmed III
Didahului oleh Mustafa II
Diikuti oleh Mahmud I
Kerabat Diraja Kerabat Osman
Dinasti Dinasti Uthmaniyyah
Kepercayaan agama Islam

Ahmed III (Turki Uthmaniyyah: احمد ثالث Aḥmed-i sālis) (30/31 Disember, 1673 – 1 Julai, 1736) adalah seorang Sultan dari Empayar Uthmaniyyah dan amak lelaki kepada Sultan Mehmed IV (1648–87). Ibu beliau adalah Valide Sultan Emetullah Rabia Gülnûş Sultan, asalnya bernama Evmania Voria, yang merupakan seorang etnik Crete.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Beliau telah dilahirkan di Hajioglupazari, Dobruja. Ahmed III menaiki takhta pada tahun 1703 selepas abang beliau, Mustafa II (1695–1703) menyerahkan takhta. Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha dan anak perempuan beliau, Puteri Hatice (isteri bagi bekas) mentadbir kerajaan bermula pada tahun 1718 sehingga 1730, satu zaman yang dikenali sebagai Era Tulip.

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Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Freely, John (2001). The lost Messiah. Viking. m/s. 132. ISBN 0670886750. "He set up his harem there, his favourite being Rabia Giilniis Ummetiillah, a Cretan girl from Rethymnon on Crete" 
  2. Palmer, Alan (2009). The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire. Barnes & Noble. m/s. 27. ISBN 156619847X. "Unusually, the twenty-nine year old Ahmed III was a brother, rather than a half- brother, of his predecessor; their Cretan mother, Rabia" 
  3. Bromley, J. S. (1957). The New Cambridge Modern History. University of California: University Press. m/s. 554. ISBN 0521221285. "the mother of Mustafa II and Ahmed III was a Cretan" 
  4. Sardo, Eugenio Lo (1999). Tra greci e turchi: fonti diplomatiche italiane sul Settecento ottomano. Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche. m/s. 82. ISBN 88-8080-014-0. "Their mother, a Cretan, lady named Rabia Gülnûş, continued to wield influence as the Valide Sultan - mother of the reigning sultan" 
  5. Library Information and Research Service (2005). The Middle East. Library Information and Research Service. m/s. 91. "She was the daughter of a Cretan family and she was the mother of Mustafa II (1664-1703), and Ahmed III (1673-1736)." 
  6. Baker, Anthony E - Freely, John (1993). The Bosphorus. Redhouse Press. m/s. 146. ISBN 9754130620. "The Valide Sultan was born Evmania Voria, daughter of a Cretan priest in a village near Rethymnon on Crete. She was captured by the Turks when they took Rethymnon in 1645." 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ahmed III
Tarikh lahir: 30 Disember, 1673 Tarikh kemangkatan: 1 Julai, 1736[umur 62]
Gelaran pemerintah
Didahului oleh
Mustafa II
Sultan bagi Empayar Uthmaniyyah
28 Disember, 1703 - 20 September, 1730
Diikuti oleh:
Mahmud I
Gelaran Sunnah Islam
Didahului oleh
Mustafa II
Khalifah Islam
28 Disember, 1703 - 20 September, 1730
Diikuti oleh:
Mahmud I