Dinasti Bahri

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Dinasti Bahri atau Mamluk Bahriyya (al-Mamalik al-Bahariyya المماليك البحرية ) adalah satu dinasti Mamluk yang kebanyakan terdiri daripada orang Kipchak yang berasal dari Turkic yang memerintah Mesir bermula pada tahun 1250 sehingga tahun 1382 apabila dinasti ini digantikan dengan dinasti Burji, iaitu satu kumpula lain dalam Mamluks. Nama mereka bermakna 'dari laut', merujuk kepada lokasi penempatan asal mereka di Pulau Al-Rodah di Nil (Bahr al-Nil) di Kaherah[1] di istana kota Al-Rodah yang telah dibina oleh Sultan Ayubiyyah, as-Salih Ayyub[2][3]

Senarai sultan-sultan Bahri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. There is another theory about the origin of the name which states that they were called 'Bahariyya' because they came by sea or from over sea. (Shayyal, 110/vol.2 )
  2. (Al-Maqrizi, p. 441/vol.1 ) - (Abu Al-Fida, pp.66-87/ Year 647H - Death of as-Sailih Ayyub) - (Ibn Taghri/vol.6 - Year 639H )
  3. After the Castle of al- Rodah was built, As-Salih moved with his Mamluks to it and lived there. (Al-Maqrizi, p.405/vol. 1 ). Later, the Mamluk Sultans lived at the Citadel of the Mountain which was situated on the Muqatam Mountain in Cairo (Al-Maqrizi, al-Mawaiz, p. 327/vol.3 ) where the Mosque of Muhammed Ali and the remains of the Citadel (known now by the name Saladin's Citadel) stand now.
  • Abu al-Fida, The Concise History of Humanity.
  • Al-Maqrizi, Al Selouk Leme'refatt Dewall al-Melouk, Dar al-kotob, 1997.
  • Idem in English: Bohn, Henry G., The Road to Knowledge of the Return of Kings, Chronicles of the Crusades, AMS Press, 1969.
  • Al-Maqrizi, al-Mawaiz wa al-'i'tibar bi dhikr al-khitat wa al-'athar,Matabat aladab, Cairo 1996, ISBN 977-241-175X
  • Idem in French: Bouriant, Urbain, Description topographique et historique de l'Egypte,Paris 1895.
  • Ayalon, D.: The Mamluk Military Society. London, 1979.
  • Ibn Taghri, al-Nujum al-Zahirah Fi Milook Misr wa al-Qahirah, al-Hay'ah al-Misreyah 1968
  • Idem in English: History of Egypt, by Yusef. William Popper, translator Abu L-Mahasin ibn Taghri Birdi, University of California Press 1954.
  • Shayyal, Jamal, Prof. of Islamic history, Tarikh Misr al-Islamiyah (History of Islamic Egypt), dar al-Maref, Cairo 1266, ISBN 977-02-5975-6