Kapal selam Kelas Trafalgar

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HMS Tireless S-88.jpg
Trafalgar class submarine
Gambaran keseluruhan kelas
Pembina: Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd
Pengguna: Tentera Laut Diraja Britain
Sebelumnya: Kelas Swiftsure
Selepasnya: Kelas Astute
Berkhidmat pada: 1984 -
Jumlah disiapkan: 7
Jumlah aktif: Trafalgar
Turbulent
Tireless
Torbay
Trenchant
Talent
Triumph
Ciri-ciri
Sesaran: 5200 tan
Panjang: 279 kaki
Lebar: 33 kaki
Drauf: 31 kaki
Pendorongan: Turbin stim berkuasa nuklear
Kelajuan: 30 knot
Jarak: Tiada had, kecuali oleh bekalan makanan
Kelengkapan: 130
Persenjataan: Peluru berpandu serangan darat Tomahawk. Torpedo panduan wayar Spearfish.

Kapal selam Kelas Trafalgar adalah merupakan armada kapal selam berkuasa nuklear milik Tentera Laut Diraja Britain yang termaju sebelum kemasukan Kelas Astute. HMS Torbay, HMS Trenchant, HMS Talent, dan HMS Triumph telah dipasang dengan Sonar 2076, yang mana berdasarkan pihak Tentera Laut Diraja merupakan sonar termaju di dalam dunia.[1][2][3][4]

Program pembinaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nombor
Pennant
Nama (a) Pembina badan kapal Dipesan Dibaringkan Dilancarkan Diterima
dalam perkhidmatan
Ditauliah Anggaran
kos pembinaan[5]
S107 Trafalgar (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 7 April 1977 [6] 25 April 1978 [6] 1 Julai 1981 [6] 13 Julai 1983 [7] 27 Mei 1983 [6] £
S87 Turbulent (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 28 Julai 1978 [6] 8 Mei 1980 [6] 1 Disember 1982 [6] 30 Julai 1984 [8] 28 April 1984 [6] £160,000,000 [8]
S88 Tireless (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 5 Julai 1979 [6] 6 Jun 1981 [6] 17 Mac 1984 [6] 30 Oktober 1985 [8] 5 Oktober 1985 [6] £
S90 Torbay (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 26 Jun 1981 [6] 3 Disember 1982 [6] 8 Mac 1985 [6] 2 Mac 1987 [8] 7 Februari 1987 [6] £
S91 Trenchant (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 22 Mac 1983 [6] 28 Oktober 1985 [6] 3 November 1986 [6] 7 Februari 1989 [8] 14 Januari 1989 [6] £
S92 Talent (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 10 September 1984 [6][8] 13 Mei 1986 [6] 15 April 1988 [6] 12 Mei 1990 [6] £
S93 Triumph (a) Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness.[6] 3 Januari 1986 [6][8] 2 Februari 1987 [6] 16 Februari 1991 [6] 12 Oktober 1991 [6] £

Pada tahun 1982, Jane's Fighting Ships merekodkan: "Kos anggaran bagi kapal selam ke-4 adalah £175 juta termasuk peralatan dan sistem persenjtaan."[9]

Pada tahun 1986, Jane's Fighting Ships merekodkan kos purata untuk kelas ini adalah £200 juta pada harga pada tahun 1984-5 prices.[10]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/server/show/nav.2511
  2. http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/server/show/ConWebDoc.13283/changeNav/3533Royal Navy News and Events: Trenchant Sails After Busy Maintenance Period
  3. http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/server/show/ConWebDoc.8238/changeNav/3533 Royal Navy News and Events: Upgraded Attack Submarine Rejoins the Fleet
  4. http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/server/show/conWebDoc.2981/changeNav/3533 Royal Navy News and Events: Minister Visits Multi-Million Pound Submarine Overhaul And Upgrade Programme
  5. "Kos seunit tidak termasuk beberapa peralatan (seperti pesawat, kelengkapan pertama)." Teks daripada Defences Estimates
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 6.33 6.34 Sharpe, Richard, Jane's Fighting Ships, 1996-97, pub 1996, Jane's Information Group, ISBN 0-7106-1355-5 page 758.
  7. Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc357-8W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence asking him to list the Royal Navy vessels built in each of the past 15 years, showing the cost of each and the yards in which they were constructed, 23 October 1983. The second part of this may be found at Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc358-61W.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc358-61W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence asking him to list the Royal Navy vessels built in each of the past 15 years, showing the cost of each and the yards in which they were constructed, 23 October 1983. The first part of this may be found at Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc357-8W.
  9. Moore, John, Jane's Fighting Ships, 1982-83, pub Jane's Publishing Company, 1982, ISBN 0-7106-0742-3 page 546.
  10. Jane's Fighting Ships, 1986-87.
HMS Torbay S90, 2010.

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