Kawasan Perwakilan Berkumpulan

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Perlembagaan Republik Singapura

Kawasan Perwakilan Berkumpulan (GRC) adalah sejenis pembahagian pilihan raya atau perlembagaan di Singapura dimana Ahli Parlimen (MP) yang diundi ke dalam Parlimen sebagai satu kumpulan. Kerajaan menyatakan bahawa skema GRC dilaksanakan untuk mengutamakan perwakilan minoriti di Parlimen – sekurang-kurangnya salah satu daripada MP di dalam GRC mesti orang Melayu, India atau masyarakat minoriti Singapura yang lain. Tambahan lagi, adalah ekonomi bagi majlis perbandaran, yang menguruskan estet perumahan awam, untuk mengendalikan kawasan pilihan raya yang lebih besar.


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Artikel dan laman sesawang[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Lua, Ee Laine; Sim, Disa Jek Sok; Koh, Christopher Theng Jer (1996), "Principles and Practices of Voting: The Singapore Electoral System", Singapore Law Review 17: 244–321 at 299–303 .
  • Tan, Eugene K[heng] B[oon] (November 2005), "Multiracialism Engineered: The Limits of Electoral and Spatial Integration in Singapore", Ethnopolitics 4 (4): 413–428, doi:10.1080/17449050500348659 , also published in Bieber, Florian; Wolff, Stefan, eds. (2007), The Ethnopolitics of Elections, London; New York, N.Y.: Routledge, pp. 53–68, ISBN 978-0-415-40047-3 (hbk.) .
  • Tan, Eugene; Chan, Gary (13 April 2009), "The Legislature", The Singapore Legal System, SingaporeLaw.sg, Singapore Academy of Law, diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 1 December 2010, http://www.webcitation.org/5ufb2SSw0, capaian 1 December 2010 .
  • Tan, Kevin Yew Lee (1992), "Constitutional Implications of the 1991 Singapore General Election", Singapore Law Review 13: 26–59 .
  • Tan, Kevin Y[ew] L[ee] (1997), "Is Singapore's Electoral System in Need of Reform?", Commentary 14: 109–117 .
  • Tey Tsun Hang (December 2008), "Singapore's Electoral System: Government by the People?", Legal Studies 28 (4): 610–628, doi:10.1111/j.1748-121X.2008.00106.x .
  • Thio, Li-ann (2002), "The Right to Political Participation in Singapore: Tailor-making a Westminster-modelled Constitution to Fit the Imperatives of 'Asian' Democracy", Singapore Journal of International and Comparative Law 6: 181–243 .

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chan, Helena H[ui-]M[eng] (1995), "Parliament and Law Making", The Legal System of Singapore, Singapore: Butterworths Asia, pp. 41–68, ISBN 978-0-409-99789-7 (pbk.) .
  • Chua, Beng Huat (1995), Communitarian Ideology and Democracy in Singapore, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-16465-8 .
  • Hussin Mutalib (2003), Parties and Politics: A Study of Opposition Parties and the PAP in Singapore, Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 978-981-210-211-9 (hbk.), ISBN 978-981-210-268-3 (pbk.) .
  • Report of the Select Committee on the Parliamentary Elections (Amendment) Bill (Bill No. 23/87) and the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (Amendment No. 2) Bill (Bill No. 24/87) [Parl. 3 of 1988], Singapore: Printed for the Government of Singapore by Singapore National Printers, 1988, OCLC 30875454 .
  • Rodan, Garry, ed. (1993), Singapore Changes Guard: Social, Political and Economic Directions in the 1990s, New York, N.Y.: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-09687-8 .
  • Tan, Kevin Y[ew] L[ee] (2011), "Making Law: Parliament", An Introduction to Singapore's Constitution (edisi rev.), Singapore: Talisman Publishing, pp. 33–60 at 53–55, ISBN 978-981-08-6456-9 (pbk.) .
  • Tan, Kevin Y[ew] L[ee]; Thio, Li-ann (2010), "The Legislature", Constitutional Law in Malaysia and Singapore (edisi 3rd), Singapore: LexisNexis, pp. 299–360 at 310, ISBN 978-981-236-795-2 (hbk.) .

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Constitution of Singapore