Messerschmitt Me 262

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Me 262
Messerschmitt Me 262A at the National Museum of the USAF.jpg
Messerschmitt Me 262A
Peranan Pesawat pejuang
Pengeluar Messerschmitt
Penerbangan sulung 18 April 1941 (enjin piston)
18 Julai 1942 (enjin jet) [1]
Mula digunakan April 1944[2][3]
Dihentikan 1945, Jerman
1957, Czechoslovakia
Pengguna utama Luftwaffe
Tentera Udara Czechoslovakia
Jumlah dibina 1,430

Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (Jerman untuk Telan) merupakan pesawat pejuang turbin jet operasi pertama di dunia.[4] Me 262 telah dikeluarkan semasa Perang Dunia II dan mula beraksi pada tahun 1944 sebagai kapal terbang pejuang/pengebom/pengawasan dan pemintas pelbagai peranan untuk Luftwaffe. Juruterbang Jerman memberi nama gelaran Sturmvogel (Stormbird), sementara Tentera Berikat pula memanggilnya dengan nama Turbo atau Blow Job. Me 262 tidak memiliki kesan penting kepada perang kerana kelewatan penggunaannya, dengan kejayaan menumpaskan 509 kapal terbang Pihak Berikat[5] (walaubagaimanapun kadang kala dakwaan mengatakan jumlah yang lebih tinggi[6]) berbanding kehilangan lebih daripada 100 buah Me 262.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pesawat setanding

Senarai berkaitan

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Radinger and Schick 1996, p. 23.
  2. Price 2007, pp. 36–37.
  3. Radinger and Schick 1996, p. 49.
  4. Hecht, Heinrich. The World's First Turbojet Fighter - Messerschmitt Me 262. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1990. ISBN 0-88740-234-8.
  5. Green, William. Warplanes of the Third Reich. New York: Galahad Books, 1970. ISBN 0-88365-666-3.
  6. Morgan and Weal 1998, pp. 78, Appendix. This source estimates that jet fighters of all types produced 745 victories.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, Eric. Wings on My Sleeve. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2006. ISBN 0-297-84565-9.
  • Butler, Phil. War prizes: An Illustrated Survey of German, Italian and Japanese Aircraft brought to Allied countries During and After the Second World War. Leicestershire, UK: Midland, 1994. ISBN 0-904597-86-5.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey and Alfred Price. The German Jets in Combat. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1979. ISBN 0-354-01252-5.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey and Alfred Price. World War II Fighting Jets. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, 1994. ISBN 1-55750-940-9.
  • Foreman, John and S.E. Harvey. The Messerschmitt Me 262 Combat Diary. Surrey, UK: Air Research Publications; England, 1990. ISBN 1-871187-30-3.
  • Haunschmied, Rudolf A., Jan-Ruth Mills and Siegi Witzany-Durda. St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen - Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. Norderstedt, Germany: BoD, 2008. ISBN 978-3-8334-7610-5.
  • Morgan, Hugh and John Weal. German Jet Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No 17). London: Osprey, 1998. ISBN 1-85532-634-5.
  • O'Connell, Dan. Messerschmitt Me 262: The Production Log 1941-1945. Leicestershire, UK: Classic Publications, 2006. ISBN 1-903223-59-8.
  • Price, Alfred. "Sleek and Deadly: The Messerschmitt Me 262." Flight Journal, February 2007.
  • Price, Alfred. The Last Year of the Luftwaffe: May 1944 to May 1945. London: Greenhill Books, 1993. ISBN 1-85367-440-0.
  • Radinger, Will and Walter Schick. Me262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH, 1996. ISBN 3-925505-21-0.
  • Smith, J. Richard. Messerschmitt: An Aircraft Album. New York: Arco Publishing, 1971. ISBN 0-668-02505-5.
  • Smith, J. Richard and Edward J. Creek. Jet Planes of the Third Reich. Boylston, Massachusetts: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1982. ISBN 0-914144-27-8.

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