P-40 Warhawk

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P-40 Warhawk
Tomahawk / Kittyhawk
Curtiss P-40E Warhawk 2 USAF.jpg
Hawk 87A-3/Kittyhawk IA, dipamerkan di Muzium Kebangsaan Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat.
Peranan Pesawat pejuang
Negara pengeluar Amerika Syarikat
Pengeluar Curtiss-Wright Corporation
Buffalo, New York
Direka oleh Donovan Berlin
Penerbangan pertama 14 Oktober 1938[1]
Dihentikan 1958: FAB (Brazil)
Syarikat penerbangan utama Pasukan Udara Tentera Darat A.S.
Tentera Udara Diraja
Tentera Udara Diraja Australia
Lain-lain
Dikeluarkan 1939–1944
Buffalo, New York
Jumlah dibina 13,738
Kos unit AS$44,892 in 1944[2]
Dibangunkan dari Curtiss P-36
Variasi Curtiss XP-46

Curtiss P-40 merupakan sebuah pesawat pejuang dan serangan darat berbadan logam, satu tempat duduk dan berenjin tunggal buatan Amerika Syarikat yang mula diterbangkan buat pertama kalinya pada tahun 1938. Ia digunakan oleh tentera udara di 28 buah negara, termasuk kebanyakkan Pasukan Berikat semasa Perang Dunia II, dan kekal berada di barisan hadapan sehingga penghujung perang. Pada November 1944, semasa pengeluaran P-40 ditamatkan, 13,738 buah pesawat ini telah dibina, kesemuanya di kemudahan kilang utama milik Curtiss-Wright Corporation di Buffalo, New York.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pembangunan berkaitan

Pesawat setanding

Senarai berkaitan

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota
Bibliografi
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  • Arena, Nino. Macchi 205 "Veltro" (in Italian). Modena: Stem Mucchi Editore, 1994.
  • Boyne, Walter J. Clash of Titans. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. ISBN 0-671-79370-5.
  • Boyne, Walter J. and Michael Fopp. Air Warfare: An International Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002. ISBN 1-57607-345-9.
  • Bowers, Peter M. Curtiss Aircraft, 1907-1947. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8.
  • Bowers, Peter M. and Enzo Angellucci. The American Fighter. New York: Orion Books, 1987. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.
  • Brown, Russell. Desert Warriors: Australian P-40 Pilots at War in the Middle East and North Africa, 1941-1943. Maryborough, Australia: Banner Books, 1983. ISBN 1-875593-22-5.
  • Crawford, Jerry L. Messerschmitt BF 110 Zerstörer in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1977. ISBN 0-89747-029-X.
  • Dean, Francis H. America's Hundred Thousand. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1997. ISBN 0-7643-0072-5.
  • Donald, David, ed. "Curtiss Model 81/87 (P-40 Warhawk)"Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, ON: Prospero, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Ford, Daniel. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and His American Volunteers, 1941-1942. Washington, DC: HarperCollins|Smithsonian Books, 2007. ISBN 0-06-124655-7.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey L. and Joe Christy. P-40 Hawks at War. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-7110-0983-X.
  • Glancey, Jonathan. Spitfire: The Illustrated Biography. London: Atlantic Books, 2006. ISBN 978-1-84354-528-6.
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Four: Fighters. London: MacDonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1961 (Sixth impression 1969). ISBN 0-356-01448-7.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. WW2 Aircraft Fact Files: US Army Air Force Fighters, Part 1. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1977. ISBN 0-356-08218-0.
  • Hardesty, Von. Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941–1945. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1982. ISBN 0-87474-510-1.
  • Higham, Robin. Flying American Combat Aircraft of WW II. Manhattan, Kansas: Sunflower University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8117-3124-3.
  • Horn, Alex. Wings Over the Pacific: The RNZAF in the Pacific Air War. Auckland, NZ: Random House New Zealand, 1992. ISBN 1-86941-152-8.
  • Johnsen, F.A. P-40 Warhawk (Warbird History). St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, 1999. ISBN 0-7603-0253-7.
  • King, John. The Whole Nine Yards: The Story of an Anzac P-40. Auckland, NZ: Reed Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7900-0835-1. (A P-40 with No. 75 Squadron RAAF)
  • Lavigne, J.P.A. Michel and James F. Edwards. Kittyhawk Pilot. Battleford, Saskatchewan: Turner-Warwick, 1983. ISBN 0-919899-10-2.
  • Mellinger, George. Soviet Lend-Lease Fighter Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No. 74). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-84603-041-2.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk Aces of the MTO (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No. 43). London: Osprey Publishing, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-288-1.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk Aces of the Pacific (Aircraft of the Aces). London: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-536-8.
  • Molesworth, Carl. P-40 Warhawk Aces of the CBI(Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No. 35). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1-84176-079-X.
  • Müller, Rolf-Dieter. Der Bombenkrieg 1939 – 1945 (in German). Berlin: Links Verlag, 2004. ISBN 3-86153-317-0.
  • Neulen, Hans Werner. In the Skies of Europe: Air Forces Allied to the Luftwaffe, 1939–1945. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press, 2005. ISBN 1-86126-799-1.
  • Pentland, Geoffrey. The P-40 Kittyhawk in Service. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Kookaburra Technical Publications Pty. Ltd., 1974. ISBN 0-85880-012-8.
  • Rudge, Chris. Air-To-Air: The Story Behind the Air-to-Air Combat Claims of the RNZAF. Lyttleton, Canterbury, New Zealand: Adventure Air, 2003. ISBN 0-473-09724-9.
  • Scott, Robert L. Damned to Glory. New York: Scribner's, 1944. No ISBN.
  • Scutts, Jerry. Bf 109 Aces of North Africa and the Mediterranean. London: Osprey Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-85532-448-2.
  • Shamburger, Page and Joe Christy. The Curtiss Hawk Fighters. New York: Sports Car Press Ltd., 1971. ISBN 0-87122-041-0.
  • Shores, Christopher and Hans Ring. Fighters over the Desert. London: Neville Spearman Limited, 1969. ISBN 0-668-02070-9.
  • Shores, Christopher and Clive Williams. Aces High: A Further Tribute to the Most Notable Fighter Pilots of the British and Commonwealth Air Forces in WWII, v. 2. London: Grub Street, 1994. ISBN 1-898697-00-0.
  • Thomas, Andrew. Tomahawk and Kittyhawk Aces of the RAF and Commonwealth. London: Osprey Books, 2002. ISBN 1-84176-083-8.
  • United States Air Force Museum Guidebook. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.
  • Weal, John. Jagdgeschwader 27 'Afrika'. Oxford, UK: Osprey, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-538-4.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jackie Cochran in the cockpit of a P-40 fighter plane, she was head of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP).


Templat:Curtiss aircraft

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