Pasukan Darat Rusia

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Pasukan Darat Persekutuan Rusia
Flag of the Russian ground forces.svg
Bendera Pasukan Darat Persekutuan Rusia
Aktif 1992 - kini
Negara Rusia
Kesetiaan Kementerian Pertahanan
Jenis Tentera darat
Keanggotaan Aktif; 300,000 anggota aktif[1]
Komander
Komander
semasa
Kol. Jen. Alexander Postnikov


Pasukan Darat Rusia (Bahasa Rusia: Сухопутные войска Российской Федерации, tr.: Suhoputnye voyska Rossiyskoy Federatsii) adalah cabang pasukan darat dalam Persekutuan Rusia. Ia ditubuhkan pada selepas pembubaran Tentera Darat Soviet pada tahun 1992. Meskipun Pasukan Darat Rusia dalam bentuk sekarang berusia sekitara 20 tahun, sejarah tentera Rusia boleh dijejak sehingga era Imperial Rusia semasa zaman Rus' Kiev.

Sejak tahun 1992, meskipun pasukan ini telah mengundurkan beribu-ribu anggota tentera dari bekas perbatasan hadapan bekas Soviet, ia masih terlibat secara langsung di dalam Perang Chechen, operasi pengaman dan lain-lain di negara-negara pengganti Soviet. Paling terkini adalah pertikaian di dalam Perang Ossetia Selatan 2008 dengan pasukan tentera Georgia.

Ringkasan kelengkapan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kelengkapan Jumlah
Kereta kebal utama 22,800+ (~6,500 aktif)[2][3]
Kereta kebal ringan 150 PT-76;[4] Tiada[5]
Kenderaan Tempur Infantri Berperisai 15,000+ (~6,000 aktif)[6]
Pengangkut Anggota Berperisai 9,900+ (~6,400 aktif)[3]
Artileri tunda 12,765 (~7,550 aktif)[3]
Artileri gerak sendiri 6,000 (~3,500 aktif)[7]
Pelancar roket berganda kira-kira 4,500 (~900 aktif)[8]
Mortar 6,600 (~2,600 active)[7]
Peluru berpandu permukaan ke udara gerak sendiri kira-kira 2,500

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. IISS Military Balance 2009, p.217
  2. Tank database, warfare.ru - Russian Military Analisis. Retrieved on 1 September 2008.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Georgia move fails to halt raids", BBC News, 11 August 2008. Retrieved on 1 September 2008.
  4. IISS 2008
  5. PT-76 Light tank, warfare.ru, Russian Military Analisis. Retrieved on 21 September 2008.
  6. IFV & APC database, warfare.ru - Russian Military Analysis. Retrieved on 1 September 2008.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Artillery database, warfare.ru - Russian Military Analysis. Retrieved on 1 September 2008.
  8. Multiple Rocket Launchers database, warfare.ru - Russian Military Analysis. Retrieved on 1 September 2008.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Babakin, Alexander (August 20–26, 2004). "Approximate Composition and Structure of the Armed Forces After the Reforms" (31). Nezavisimoye Voyennoye Obozreniye (Independent Military Review). 
  • Baev, Pavel (1996). The Russian Army in a Time of Troubles. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute. ISBN 0761951873. 
  • Baumgardner, Neil. "Russian Armed Forces Order of Battle". Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 2009-10-23. 
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  • Finch, Raymond C. "Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya". Fort Leavenworth, KS: Foreign Military Studies Office. 
  • Galeotti, Mark (February 1997). "Moscow's armed forces: a city's balance of power". Jane's Intelligence Review. 
  • Giles, Keir (May 2007). "Military Service in Russia: No New Model Army" (PDF). CSRC. 
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  • "The Military Balance". International Institute for Strategic Studies. 
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  • Lukin, Mikail & Stukalin, Aleksander (14 May 2002/2005). "Vys Rossiyskaya Armiya". Moscow: Kommersant-Vlast. 
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  • Odom, William E. (1998). The Collapse of the Soviet Military. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300074697. 
  • Orr, Michael (June 1998). "The Russian Armed Forces as a factor in Regional Stability". CSRC. 
  • Orr, Michael (2000). "Better or Just Not So Bad? An Evaluation of Russian Combat Performance in the Second Chechen War". CSRC. 
  • Orr, Michael (2003). "The Russian Ground Forces and Reform 1992–2002". 
  • Parchomenko, Walter (1999–2000). "The State of Russia's Armed Forces and Military Reform". Parameters (Journal of the US Army War College). 
  • Quartly, Alan (8 March 2003). "Miss Shooting Range crowned". BBC News. 
  • Robinson, Colin (2005). "The Russian Ground Forces Today: A Structural Status Examination". Journal of Slavic Military Studies 18 (2). 
  • Schofield, Carey (1991). Inside the Soviet Army. London: Headline. ISBN 0747204187. 
  • Scott, Harriet Fast & Scott, William F. Russian Military Directories 2002 & 2004
  • Suvorov, Viktor (1982). Inside the Soviet Army. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0586059784. 
  • Turbiville, Graham H. (1995). Mafia in Uniform: The Criminalisation of the Russian Armed Forces. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Foreign Military Studies Office. 

Templat:Armies in Europe