Pertempuran Prokhorovka

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Pertempuran Prokhorovka
Sebahagian daripada Perang Dunia II
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-219-0553A-36, Russland, bei Pokrowka, russischer Panzer T34.jpg
Kereta kebal T-34 Soviet yang ditinggalkan di Prokhorovka
Maklumat am
Tarikh 12 Julai 1943
Lokasi 51°2′11″U 36°44′11″T / 51.03639°U 36.73639°T / 51.03639; 36.73639Koordinat: 51°2′11″U 36°44′11″T / 51.03639°U 36.73639°T / 51.03639; 36.73639
Prokhorovka, RSPS Rusia, Kesatuan Soviet
Hasil Kemenangan pertahanan taktikal Soviet [1]
Operasi buntu[2][3]
Kegagalan strategik Jerman[4]
Pihak yang berperang
 Jerman  Soviet Union
Kekuatan
Kor SS Panzer II Barisan Voronezh
  • Pasukan Kereta Kebal Pertama
  • Pasukan Tentera ke-69

Barisan Steppe

Kerugian dan kehilangan
Dipertikaikan. Satu sumber: 300+ kereta kebal musnah[5] ~5,500 anggota
207[6]- 334[7]kereta kebal musnah
420 kereta kebal rosak[8]
sunting
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Pertempuran Prokhorovka (12 Julai 1943) berlaku di Perbatasan Timur semasa Perang Dunia II adalah sebahagian daripada Pertempuran Kursk di Kesatuan Soviet (kira-kira 270 batu/435 km ke selatan Moscow). Secara umumnya, Pasukan Panzer Keempat dari Wehrmacht Jerman bertembung dengan Pasukan Kereta Kebal Pengawal ke-5 dari Tentera Merah Soviet. Ia merupakan salah satu daripada pertempuran kereta kebal terbesar di dalam sejarah ketenteraan.


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Overy 1997, p. 208: "German losses were too great to allow a decisive breakthrough. Soviet forces held the German attack, but made little progress themselves. Flanking movements by heavy German forces to the left and right were repulsed".
  2. Overy 1997, p. 210: By 15 July both sides had ended up where they started. The SS Divisions were devastated. The Death's Head Division which bore the brunt at Prokhorovka was withdrawn from the front.
  3. Glantz & House 1995, p. 166. In the south as in the north the Germans were never able to achieve a significant operational penetration and were, therefore, unable to encircle and disrupt their enemy's rear areas.
  4. Glantz & House 1995, p. 166: The Soviet's engineer and anti-tank forces, concentrated forces in depth, superb intelligence, and the mobility of their new tank armies had given the "Blitzkrieg its worst defeat. It was the first time a German strategic offensive had been halted before it could breakthrough enemy defences into the strategic depths beyond.
  5. Glantz 1999, p. 275.
  6. Zamulin p.401
  7. Zamulin p. 635
  8. Rotmistrov p.100 , ini termasuk 68 "kerosakkan kecil"

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bellamy, Chris. Absolute War; Soviet Russia in the Second World War. Pan Books. (2007). ISBN 978-0-330-48808-2
  • Bergström, Christer (2007). Kursk – The Air Battle: July 1943. Chervron/Ian Allen. ISBN 978-1-903223-88-8.
  • Cross, Robin. Citadel: The Battle of Kursk, Barnes & Noble Edition. (1998). ISBN 978-1-566195-81-2
  • Dunn, Walter (1997). Kursk: Hitler's Gamble, 1943. Greenwood Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0-275957-33-9.
  • Glantz, David M. & House, Jonathon. When Titans Clashed; How the Red Army Stopped Hitler. University of Kansas Press. (1995). ISBN 978-0700608990-7
  • Glantz, David M. Soviet Military Operational Art; Pursuit of Deep Battle. Frank Cass. (1991). ISBN 0-7146-4077-8
  • Healy, Mark. (1992). Kursk 1943: Tide Turns in the East. Osprey Publishers, London. ISBN 978-1-85532-211-0
  • Overy, Richard. Russia's War.Pengiun Books. (1997). ISBN 0-14-027169-4
  • Zetterling, Niklas and Anders Frankson. Kursk 1943: A Statistical Analysis, London: Frank Cass, (2000). ISBN 0-7146-5052-8

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kursk Reconsidered: Germany's Lost Victory from Historynet.com.
  • Review of Kursk 1943: A Statistical Analysis with a detailed comparison with the statistics provided by Walter Dunn's "Kursk: Hitler's Gamble, 1943", George Nipe's "Decision in the Ukraine", "The Battle of Kursk" by David Glantz and Jonathan House, and "The Battle for Kursk, 1943" from the Soviet General Staff.
  • La Batalla de Prokhorovka from Panzertruppen.org
  • Олейников Г.А. Прохоровское сражение (июль 1943). — СПб.: Нестор, 1998., [1] a comprehensive analysis in Russian
  • Валерий Замулин. Прохоровка — неизвестное сражение великой войны. М.: АСТ: АСТ МОСКВА: ХРАНИТЕЛЬ, 2006 ISBN 5-17-039548-5 – total description of movement of Russian and Germany troops based on Russian and German archive documents with full statistic of Russian troops. In Russian.

Templat:World War II