Politik Guinea-Bissau

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Guinea-Bissau

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Politik Guinea-Bissau mengambil tempat di dalam rangka kerja peralihan Republik semi-presiden perwakilan demokratik , di mana Presiden adalah Ketua Negara dan Perdana Menteri adalah ketua kerajaan, dan di dalam sistem pelbagai parti. Kuasa eksekutif dilakukan oleh kerajaan. Kuasa legislatif dikongsikan di antara kerajaan dan Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Rakyat. Semenjak 1994 sistem berparti ini didominasikan oleh African Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde yang sosialis dan Party for Social Renewal. Kehakiman adalah bebas daripada eksekutif dan the legislatif.


Cubaan rampasan kuasa 2011[sunting | sunting sumber]

Selepas Ketua Turus Jeneral Antonio Indjai dilaorkan ditahan di bawah Ketua Tentera Laut Rear Admiral Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto[perlu rujukan], pasukannya membebaskan beliau manakala Perdana Menteri Carlos Gomes Júnior perdi mencari suaka politik di Kedutaan Angola. Indjai kemudiannya telah berkata bahawa saingannya telah ditahan. Peristiwa ini berlaku semasa Presiden Malam Bacai Sanha berada di Paris, Perancis untuk mendapatkan rawatan kesihatan. [1][2][3]



Cubaan rampasan kuasa 2012[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada 12 April 2012 tentera telah mengambil alih daerah tengah ibu kota. Sehingga Khamis lokasi kedudukan pemangku presiden dan perdana menteri tidak diketahui.[4]

Cabang eksekutif[sunting | sunting sumber]

National Parliament of Guinea-Bissau

Templat:Office-table |Acting President |Raimundo Pereira |African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde |9 January 2012 |- |Acting Prime Minister |Adiato Djaló Nandigna |African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde |10 February 2012 |}

The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The prime minister is appointed by the president after consultation with party leaders in the legislature.

Cabang legislatif[sunting | sunting sumber]

The National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular) has 102 members, elected for a four year term in multi-member constituencies.

Pilihan raya dan parti politik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Elect Templat:Guinea-Bissau presidential election, 2005

Templat:Guinea-Bissau legislative election, 2004

Cabang kehakiman[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal da Justiça), consists of nine justices who are appointed by the president and serve at his pleasure, final court of appeals in criminal and civil case. There are Regional Courts, one in each of nine regions, first court of appeals for sectoral court decisions, hear all felony cases and civil cases valued at over $1,000 and 24 Sectoral Courts, judges are not necessarily trained lawyers, hear civil cases under $1,000 and misdemeanor criminal cases.

Pembahagian pentadbiran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Guinea-Bissau is divided in 9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao); Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali.
note: Bolama may have been renamed Bolama/Bijagos

Penglibatan organisasi antarabangsa[sunting | sunting sumber]

ACCT (associate), ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Lona, Armando. "Guinea-Bissau Lawyers Call for Investigation of Clash", 29 December 2011. Dicapai pada 1 January 2012. 
  2. Embalo, Allen Yero. "Guinea Bissau says coup-plotter executed", 29 December 2011. Dicapai pada 1 January 2012. 
  3. Staff. "Army foils coup attempt on tiny island of Guinea-Bissau", 27 Dec 2011. Dicapai pada 1 January 2012. 
  4. http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Reports-of-Guinea-Bissau-coup-20120412

Templat:Guinea-Bissau topics Templat:Africa in topic

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