Putera Wales

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Putera Wales (bahasa Inggeris: Prince of Wales) merupakan gelaran yang diberikan kepada pewaris takhta (heir apparent) United Kingdom. Oleh itu, penyandang jawatan ini biasanya merupakan putera sulung Raja atau Ratu Britain. Wales merupakan satu daripada empat negara konstituen United Kingdom.

Kelayakan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gelaran Puteri Wales tidak diberikan kepada pewaris takhta perempuan (yang bakal menjadi Ratu). Ini kerana perempuan boleh digantikan jika bondanya (iaitu Ratu pada masa itu) melahirkan seorang putera lelaki.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Selepas era Empayar Rom, Wales dibahagikan kepada beberapa daerah. Kerajaan England telah menakluki Wales pada 1066. Pada abad ke-12 dan ke-13, gelaran "Putera Wales" (bahasa Latin: Princeps Wallie, bahasa Wales: Tywysog Cymru) digunakan oleh pemerintah kawasan Wales yang diiktiraf oleh Raja England. Terdapat empat Putera Wales yang merupakan pemerintah Wales, iaitu:

Pada 1301, Edward I dari England telah memberikan gelaran "Puter Wales" kepada pewarisnya, Putera Edward (yang menaiki takhta sebagai Edward II dari England). Sejak itu, gelaran "Putera Wales" telah diberikan kepada putera sulung Raja atau Ratu England, Great Britain dan akhirnya United Kigndom.

Senarai Putera Wales[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pemerintah Wales[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Nama Waris Lahir Menjadi Putera Wales Berhenti menjadi Putera Wales Mangkat Gelaran lain Nama sebagai Raja Isteri
LlywelynFawr.jpg Llywelyn ab Iorwerth N/A
father was Iorwerth ab Owain Gwynedd
c.1173 1218 April 11 1240 Prince of Gwynedd,
Prince of Southern Powys
N/A Joan
70px Dafydd ap Llywelyn N/A
father was Llywelyn ab Iorwerth
c. 1208 11 April 1240 February 25 1246 Prince of Gwynedd,
Prince of Southern Powys
N/A Isabella de Braose
70px Llywelyn ap Gruffydd N/A
father was Gruffydd ap Llywelyn
c.1223 February 25 1246 December 11 1282
mati dalam perang, Inggeris menawan Wales
Prince of Gwynedd N/A Eleanor de Montfort

Pewaris Takhta England[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Nama Waris Lahir Menjadi Putera Wales Berhenti menjadi Putera Wales Mangkat Gelaran lain Nama sebagai Raja Isteri
King Edward II.jpg Edward of Caernarfon Edward I 25 April 1284 February 7 1301 July 7 1307
Menaiki takhta Inggeris
September 21 1327 Count of Ponthieu, Earl of Chester Edward II
Plantagenet, Edward, The Black Prince, Iconic Image.JPG Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince Edward III June 15 1330 12 May 1343[1] June 8 1376 Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall Joan of Kent
Richard II of England.jpg Richard of Bordeaux Edward III January 6 1367 November 20 1376[1] June 22 1377
menjadi raja
February 14 1400 Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Richard II
Henry5.JPG Henry of Monmouth Henry IV September 16 1387 October 15 1399[1] March 21 1413
menjadi raja
August 31 1422 Duke of Lancaster, Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Henry V

Owain Glyndŵr[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Nama Waris Lahir Menjadi Putera Wales Berhenti menjadi Putera Wales Mangkat Gelaran lain Nama sebagai Raja Isteri
Owain Glyndŵr N/A 1359 September 16 1400 c.1415
conquest
c.1416 Tywysog of Powys Fadog, Lord of Glyndyfrdwy and Lord of Cynllaith Owain N/A Margaret Hanmer

Pewaris Takhta England, Great Britain atau United Kingdom[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Nama Waris Lahir Menjadi Putera Wales Berhenti menjadi Putera Wales Mangkat Gelaran lain Nama sebagai Raja Isteri
Badge of the Prince of Wales.svg Edward of Westminster Henry VI October 13 1453 March 15 1454[1] May 4 1471 Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Anne Neville
Badge of the Prince of Wales.svg Edward of Westminster Edward IV November 4 1470 June 26 1471[1] April 9 1483
menaiki takhta
1483? Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Edward V
Badge of the Prince of Wales.svg Edward of Middleham Richard III 1473 August 24 1483[1] April 9 1484 Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester, Earl of Salisbury
Anglo-Flemish School, Arthur, Prince of Wales (Granard portrait) -002.jpg Arthur Henry VII September 20 1486 November 29 1489 April 2 1502 Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Catherine dari Aragon
Henry-VIII-kingofengland 1491-1547.jpg Henry Henry VII June 28 1491 February 18 1504[1] April 22 1509
menaiki takhta
January 28 1547 Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Henry VIII
Edward VI, aged 6.jpg Edward Henry VIII October 12 1537 October 1537 January 28 1547
menaiki takhta
July 6 1553 Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Chester Edward VI
Henry Frederick James I February 19 1594 June 4 1610[1] November 6 1612 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick
Carolus I.jpg Charles James I November 19 1600 November 4 1616[1] March 27 1625
menaiki takhta
January 30 1649 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick Charles I
Charles II when Prince of Wales by William Dobson, 1642.jpg Charles Charles I May 29 1630 c. 1638-1641[1] January 30 1649
menaiki takhta
February 6 1685 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick Charles II
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart by Alexis Simon Belle.jpg James Francis Edward Stuart James II June 10 1688 c. July 4 1688[1] December 11 1688
anakanda diguling
January 1 1766 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick
George George I November 10 1683 September 27 1714 June 11 1727
menaiki takhta
October 25 1760 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick George II Caroline dari Ansbach
Frederick Prince of Wales.jpg Frederick George II February 1 1707 January 8 1729[1] March 31 1751 Duke of Edinburgh, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick Princess Augusta dari Saxe-Gotha
George III in Coronation Robes.jpg George George II June 4 1738 April 20 1751 October 25 1760
menaiki takhta
January 29 1820 Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Chester George III
George IV bust1.jpg George George III August 12 1762 August 19 1762[1] January 29 1820
menaiki takhta
June 26 1830 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick George IV Caroline dari Brunswick
Edward VII in coronation robes.jpg Albert Edward Victoria November 9 1841 December 8 1841 January 22 1901
menaiki takhta
May 6 1910 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick, Earl of Dublin Edward VII Alexandra dari Denmark
NSRW George V when Duke of Cornwall and York.png George Edward VII June 3 1865 November 9 1901 May 6 1910
menaiki takhta
January 20 1936 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Duke of York, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick George V Mary dari Teck
Edward Prince of Wales during his visit to Canada in 1919.jpg Edward George V June 23 1894 June 23 1910 January 20 1936
menaiki takhta
May 28 1972 Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick Edward VIII
Charles, Prince of Wales.jpg Charles Elizabeth II November 14 1948 July 26 1958 Kini Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, N/A Diana, Puteri Wales;
Camilla, Duchess Cornwall (Camilla tidak menggunakan gelaran "Puteri Wales")

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]