Robert Gates

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Robert Michael Gates
Robert Gates

Incumbent
Assumed office 
December 18 2006
President George W. Bush
Deputy Gordon R. England
Preceded by Donald Rumsfeld

In office
November 6, 1991 – January 20, 1993
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by William Hedgcock Webster
Succeeded by R. James Woolsey, Jr.

Born 25 September 1943 (70 tahun)
Wichita, Kansas
Alma mater College of William & Mary, Indiana University, Georgetown University
Signature Robert Gates's signature

Robert "Bob" Michael Gates, Ph.D. (lahir 25 September 1943) merupakan presiden Universiti Texas A&M , dan juga bekas Pengarah Agensi Perisikan Pusat (CIA). Beliau merupakan calon Presiden untuk menjawat jawatan Setiausaha Pertahanan, ditangguhkan pengesahannya oleh Senat Amerika Syarikat. Gates telah berkhidmat selama 26 tahun di dalam Agensi Perisikan Pusat (CIA) dan juga Majlis Keselamatan Kebangsaan. Di bawah Presiden George H.W. Bush, beliau telah berkhidmat sebagai Pengarah Agensi Perisikan Pusat. Selepas meninggalkan CIA, beliau telah menulis memoir beliau,[1] menjadi presiden Universiti Texas A&M , dan menjadi ahli kepada beberapa lembaga syarikat korporat. Gate telah berkhidmat sebagai ahli bipartisan commission diketuai oleh James A. Baker III, Kumpulan Pembelajaran Iraq, yang telah mempelajari kempen Iraq. Beliau juga menjadi orang pertama dipilih mengetuai Jabatan Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (United States Department of Homeland Security) apabila ia telah ditubuhkan berikutan dengan peristiwa September 11. [2]

Selepas keputusan pilihan raya pertengahan musim 2006 , Presiden George W. Bush telah mengumumkan pencalonan Gates untuk menggantikan Donald Rumsfeld sebagai Setiausaha Pertahanan Amerika Syarikat pada 9 November, 2006.[3][4] Gates telah menyatakan di dalam suratnya kepada para pelajar bahawa beliau akan menyambungkan tugasnya sebagai Presiden Texas A&M sehingga selesai proses mendapat kepastian process.[5] Gates akan menghadapi dahulu kepastian daripada Jawatankuasa Perkhidmatan bersenjata, dan sekiranya diluluskan, oleh satu undi majoriti di dalam undi vote in the Senate.

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Masa kanak-kanak dan pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

A native of Wichita, Kansas, Gates attained the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America and is a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America. He graduated from Wichita East High School in 1961. Gates then headed east to attend the College of William and Mary where he graduated with a B.A. in European history in 1965. While at William & Mary, Gates was an active member of Alpha Phi Omega, national service fraternity, as well as active in the Young Republicans and the business manager for the William and Mary Review, a literary and art magazine.[6] At William & Mary, Gates was named the graduate that "has made the greatest contribution to his fellow man." [1] Gates then went on to receive a master's degree in history from Indiana University in 1966, and a Ph.D. in Russian and Soviet history from Georgetown University in 1974.

Anugerah dan pingat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Anugerah dan pingat Gates termasuk:

Anugerah kerajaan
Anugerah-anugerah lain

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Robert Gates, From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider's Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War, Simon & Schuster; Reprint edition (May 7, 1997).
  2. "Gates' Government Intelligence Experience Runs Deep", National Public Radio, November 9, 2006. Dicapai pada 2006-11-09. 
  3. "Bush replaces Rumsfeld to get 'fresh perspective'", CNN.com, November 8, 2006. Dicapai pada 2006-11-08. 
  4. Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Jim Rutenberg. "Rumsfeld Resigns as Defense Secretary After Big Election Gains for Democrats", New York Times, November 8, 2006. Dicapai pada 2006-11-08. 
  5. To the Aggie Family, Gates' first announcement, and acknowledgment to being nominated for Secretary of Defense
  6. Whitson, Brian. "Gates ('65) nominated as defense secretary." College of William and Mary. November 9, 2006. Retrieved on November 9, 2006.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:DCIAGates, Robert

Didahului oleh
William H. Webster
Director of Central Intelligence
November 6, 1991 - January 20, 1993
Diikuti oleh:
R. James Woolsey
Didahului oleh
Ray Bowen
President of Texas A&M University
2002–Present
Diikuti oleh:
Incumbent