Ros Tudor

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Ros Tudor

Ros Tudor atau Mawar Tudor (kadangkala digelar Mawar Kesatuan) ialah lambang kebangsawanan bunga-bungaan tradisional England dan mendapat namanya dan asal usulnya daripada dinasti Tudor.

Asal usul[sunting | sunting sumber]

Apabila Henry Tudor mendapat mahkota England dari Richard III dalam peperangan, dia menamatkan Perang Mawar di antara House of Lancaster (yang lencana adalah mawar merah) dan House of York (yang lencananya adalah mawar putih). Bapa beliau adalah Edmund Tudor dari House of Richmond, dan ibu beliau adalah Margaret Beaufort dari House of Lancaster; dia berkahwin dengan Elizabeth of York untuk menyatukan semua puak.

Pada hari perkahwinan beliau, Henry menggunakan lencana Mawar Tudor menggabungkan Mawar Putih York dan Mawar Merah Lancaster. Mawar Tudor sekali sekala dilihat dibahagikan sebanyak suku (heraldically sebagai 'quartered') dan vertically (dalam istilah terumum per pale) merah dan putih.[1] Lebih sering, Mawar Tudor digambarkan sebagai bunga mawar dua,[2] putih di atas merah dan sentiasa dijelaskan, secara umum, sebagai "sesuai".

Kegunaan bersejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

16th century woodcut of the coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon shows them with their badges, the Tudor rose and the pomegranate.

During his reign, Henry VIII had the "Round Table" at Winchester Castle — then believed to be genuine[3] — repainted. The new paint scheme included a Tudor Rose in the centre.

The Tudor rose badge might be slipped and crowned, that is, shown as a cutting with a stem and leaves beneath a crown; this badge appears in Nicholas Hilliard's "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I and is now the Royal Floral emblem of England.

The Tudor rose might also be dimidiated (dibahagi dua dan digabungkan dengan separuh lambang suatu lagi) to form a compound badge. The Westminster Tournament Roll includes a badge of Henry and his first wife Catherine of Aragon with a slipped Tudor rose conjoined with Catherine's personal badge, the pomegranate;[4] their daughter Mary I bore the same badge.[5] James I of England and VI of Scotland used a badge of a Tudor rose dimidiated with a thistle and surmounted by a royal crown.[6]

Kegunaan sezaman[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Tudor rose is used as the plant badge of England, as Scotland uses the thistle, Ireland uses the shamrock, and Wales uses the leek. As such, it is seen on the dress uniforms of the Yeomen Warders at the Tower of London, and of the Yeomen of the Guard. It features in the design of the British Twenty Pence coin used between 1982 and 2008, and in the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom. It also features, albeit subtly, on the coat of arms of Canada.

The Tudor Rose makes up part of the cap badge of the Intelligence Corps of the British Army. It is also notably used (albeit, confusingly enough in a monochromatic form) as the symbol of the English Tourist Board.[7] and as part of the badge of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

The Tudor rose is also used in the badges of some Portuguese Army units, after William, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe, namely Lisbon Classification and Selection Cabinet [2] and Graça Fort [3](disbanded unit)

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Wise, p. 22
  2. Fox-Davies, The Complete Guide to Heraldry, p. 270
  3. David Starkey 'Henry' Harper Perennial, Oxfordshire (2008) pg41.
  4. Fox-Davies, The Complete Guide to Heraldry, p. 276
  5. Boutell, p. 229
  6. Fox-Davies, Badges, p. 117.
  7. [1]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Boutell, Charles: The Handbook to English Heraldry, edited A. C. Fox-Davies, 11th edition, Reeves & Turner, London, 1914. Etext at Project Gutenberg
  • Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles: The Art of Heraldry, 1904; facsimile edition Arno Press, 1976.
  • Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles: The Complete Guide to Heraldry, 1909 Reprint edition, Bonanza 1978 Printing
  • Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles: Heraldic Badges, 1907; digitized at Google books, retrieved 1 December 2007.
  • Wise, Terence: Medieval Heraldry, Osprey Publishing, 1980, ISBN 0-85045-348-8

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]