Senarai baka ayam

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Terdapat beratus-ratus baka ayam yang wujud pada hari ini.[1] Ia telah diternak sejak beribu-ribu tahun yang lalu. Ciri-ciri fizikal digunakan bagi membezakan baka-baka ayam iaitu saiz, warna bulu, jenis balung, warna kulit, warna telur dan tempat asalnya.[1] Ia juga dibahagikan mengikut kegunaan utamanya sama ada untuk telur, daging atau tujuan hiasan. Beberapa jenis baka memiliki kegunaan lebih daripada satu.[1]


Kandungan

Mengikut asal usul: AustraliaAustriaBelgiumBrazilBulgariaKanadaChileChinaCroatiaCubaCzechiaMesirFinlandPerancisJermanGreeceIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranItaliJepunKoreaKosovoMalaysiaBelandaNew ZealandNorwayPakistanFilipinaPortugalRomaniaRusiaSerbiaSlovakiaAfrika SelatanSepanyolSwitzerlandTurkiUkraineUnited KingdomAmerika SyarikatVietnam

Mengikut kegunaan utama: TelurDagingDual kegunaanPameran

Lain-lain: BantamHibrid

Lihat juga   •    Nota kaki   •    Rujukan

Mengikut tempat asal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Australia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Austria[sunting | sunting sumber]

Belgium[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ayam jantan d'Everberg ini merupakan salah satu daripada baka ayam Bantan biasan dari Belgium

Brazil[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bulgaria[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ayam Shumen Hitam

Kanada[sunting | sunting sumber]

Chile[sunting | sunting sumber]

China[sunting | sunting sumber]

Silkie terkenal kerana bulunya yang lembut seperti sutera

Croatia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cuba[sunting | sunting sumber]

Czechia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mesir[sunting | sunting sumber]

Finland[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perancis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Faverolles

Jerman[sunting | sunting sumber]

Greece[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber [2]

India[sunting | sunting sumber]

Iceland[sunting | sunting sumber]

Indonesia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ayam jantan Sumatra

Iran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Itali[sunting | sunting sumber]

Leghorn

Jepun[sunting | sunting sumber]

Korea[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kosovo[sunting | sunting sumber]

Malaysia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Marianas[sunting | sunting sumber]

Belanda[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tiga ekor Barnevelder

New Zealand[sunting | sunting sumber]

Norway[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pakistan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filipina[sunting | sunting sumber]

Poland[sunting | sunting sumber]

Portugal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Romania[sunting | sunting sumber]

Leher Botak

Rusia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Serbia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Slovakia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Afrika Selatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sepanyol[sunting | sunting sumber]

Seekor ayam jantan Minorca

Switzerland[sunting | sunting sumber]

Turki[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ukraine[sunting | sunting sumber]

United Kingdom[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Buff variety of Orpington, here a rooster, is quite popular breed for smaller flocks.

Amerika Syarikat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Vietnam[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mengikut kegunaan utama[sunting | sunting sumber]

All chickens lay eggs, have edible meat, and possess a unique appearance. However, distinct breeds are the result of selective breeding to emphasize certain traits. Any breed may technically be used for general agricultural purposes, and all breeds are shown to some degree. But each chicken breed is known for a primary use.

Telur[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fail:Whitetufts.jpg
Araucanas are one of the only breeds to lay blue or green eggs, and can be recognized by their lack of tail and distinctive ear tufts

Many breeds were selected and are used primarily for producing eggs, these are mostly light-weight birds whose hens do not go broody often.

Daging[sunting | sunting sumber]

Some breeds are preferred for meat alone, though the commercial broiler market is currently monopolized by the Cornish-Rock (a hybrid of the Cornish and Plymouth Rock). Many smaller farms and homesteads use dual-purpose breeds for meat production.

Dual kegunaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Barred Plymouth Rock adalah antara baka dua-guna yang sangat popular

Secara umumnya baka-baka yang dipelihara di rumah di seluruh dunia sesuai bagi tujuan pengeluaran daging dan telur. Walaupun begitu, beberapa baka mungkin lebih condong ke arah salah satu dari kegunaan ini. Baka-baka dengan ciri sebegini biasanya dikenali sebagai baka "dua kegunaan"

Hiasan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Since the 19th century, poultry fancy, the breeding and competitive exhibition of poultry as a hobby, has grown to be a huge influence on chicken breeds. Many breeds have always been kept for ornamental purposes, and others have been shifted from their original use to become first and foremost exhibition fowl, even if they may retain some inherent utility. Since the sport of cockfighting has been outlawed in the developed world, most breeds first developed for this purpose, called game fowl, are now seen principally in the show ring rather than the cock pit.

Key

U denotes a breed primarily used for exhibition, but which is still used for utility purposes.

G denotes a game breed.

Modern Games were developed purely for exhibition

Bantam[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebright, seperti baka Sebright Emas adalah salah satu ayam Bantam yang popular

Kebanyakan baka ayam yang bersaiz besar mempunyai pasangan yang bersaiz miniatur yang dikenali sebagai katik atau bantam. Baka Bantam ini bersaiz satu per lima atau satu per empat dari baka aslinya, dengan ciri-ciri dan penampilan yang serupa dengan baka aslinya. Walaubagaimanapun Bantam asli tidak memiliki pasangan yang bersaiz besar. Baka bantam asli termasuk:

Baka kacukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Many common strains of cross-bred chickens exist, but none breed true or are recognized by poultry breed standards. Thus, though they are extremely common in flocks focusing on high productivity, cross-breeds do not technically meet the definition of a breed. Most cross-breed strains are sex linked, allowing for easy chick sexing.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 (Ekarius 2007, p. 23)
  2. Rare Breeds and Varieties of Greece - Atlas 2010
  3. Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan Ekarius_2007 tidak disediakan
  4. (Percy 2006, p. 17)
  5. Svrljig chicken
  6. [1]
  7. [2]
  8. [3]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]