Senarai opera penting

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Senarai opera di bawah adalah sebagai rujukan untuk opera-opera yang paling penting berdasarkan rujukan-rujukan di seksyen 14. Opera-opera yang disenaraikan meliputi keseluruhan genre opera termasuk opera-opera yang kerap dipersembahkan dari kurun ke-17 oleh Monteverdi, Cavalli, dan Purcell hingga ke lewat kurun ke 20 oleh Messiaen, Berio, Glass, Adams, Birtwistle, dan Judith Weir.

Untuk penjelasan mengenai sejarah opera, sila rujuk rencana opera.

1600 – 1699[sunting | sunting sumber]

Claudio Monteverdi
  • 1607 L'Orfeo (Claudio Monteverdi)
  • 1640 Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (Claudio Monteverdi)
  • 1642 L'incoronazione di Poppea (Claudio Monteverdi)
  • 1644 Ormindo (Francesco Cavalli)
  • 1649 Giasone (Francesco Cavalli)
  • 1651 La Calisto (Francesco Cavalli)
  • 1689 Dido and Aeneas (Henry Purcell)
  • 1692 The Fairy-Queen (Henry Purcell)

1700 – 1749[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penggubah George Frideric Handel (1733).

1750 – 1799[sunting | sunting sumber]

"Bologna Mozart" - Mozart pada usia 21 tahun pada 1777.

1800 – 1832[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gioacchino Rossini

1833 – 1849[sunting | sunting sumber]

Feodor Chaliapin sebagai Ivan Susanin dalam opera A Life for the Tsar

1850 – 1875[sunting | sunting sumber]

Persembahan gubahan Wagner, Das Rheingold di rumah opera Bayreuth

1876 – 1899[sunting | sunting sumber]

Potret Giuseppe Verdi dilukis oleh Giovanni Boldini pada 1886
  • 1876 Siegfried (Richard Wagner)
  • 1876 Götterdämmerung (Richard Wagner)
  • 1876 La Gioconda (Amilcare Ponchielli)
  • 1877 L'Étoile (Emmanuel Chabrier)
  • 1877 Samson and Delilah (Camille Saint-Saëns)
  • 1879 Eugene Onegin (Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky)
  • 1881 Hérodiade (Jules Massenet)
  • 1881 Les contes d'Hoffmann (Jacques Offenbach)
  • 1881 Simon Boccanegra (Giuseppe Verdi)
  • 1882 Parsifal (Richard Wagner)
  • 1882 The Snow Maiden (Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov)
  • 1883 Lakmé (Léo Delibes)
  • 1884 Le Villi (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1884 Manon (Jules Massenet)
  • 1885 The Gypsy Baron (Johann Strauss II)
  • 1886 Khovanshchina (Modest Mussorgsky)
  • 1887 Le roi malgré lui (Emmanuel Chabrier)
  • 1887 Otello (Giuseppe Verdi)
  • 1888 Le roi d'Ys (Édouard Lalo)
  • 1890 Cavalleria rusticana (Pietro Mascagni)
  • 1890 Prince Igor (Alexander Borodin)
  • 1890 The Queen of Spades (Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky)
  • 1891 L'amico Fritz (Pietro Mascagni)
  • 1892 Iolanta (Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky)
  • 1892 La Wally (Alfredo Catalani)
  • 1892 Pagliacci (Ruggero Leoncavallo)
  • 1892 Werther (Jules Massenet)
  • 1893 Falstaff (Giuseppe Verdi)
  • 1893 Hänsel und Gretel (Engelbert Humperdinck)
  • 1893 Manon Lescaut (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1894 Thaïs (Jules Massenet)
  • 1896 Andrea Chénier (Umberto Giordano)
  • 1896 La bohème (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1897 Königskinder (Engelbert Humperdinck)
  • 1898 Fedora (Umberto Giordano)
  • 1898 Sadko (Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov)
  • 1899 Cendrillon (Jules Massenet)
  • 1899 The Devil and Kate (Antonín Dvořák)

1900 – 1920[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1900 Louise (Gustave Charpentier)
  • 1900 Tosca (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1901 Rusalka (Antonín Dvořák)
  • 1902 Adriana Lecouvreur (Francesco Cilea)
  • 1902 Pelléas et Mélisande (Claude Debussy)
  • 1902 Saul og David (Carl Nielsen)
  • 1904 Jenůfa (Leoš Janáček)
  • 1904 Madama Butterfly (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1905 The Merry Widow (Franz Lehár)
  • 1905 Salome (Richard Strauss)
  • 1906 Maskarade (Carl Nielsen)
  • 1907 A Village Romeo and Juliet (Frederick Delius)
  • 1907 Ariane et Barbe-bleue (Paul Dukas)
  • 1907 The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya (Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov)
  • 1907 Destiny (Leoš Janáček)
  • 1909 Elektra (Richard Strauss)
  • 1909 Il segreto di Susanna (Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari)
  • 1909 The Golden Cockerel (Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov)
  • 1910 Don Quichotte (Jules Massenet)
  • 1910 La fanciulla del West (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1911 Der Rosenkavalier (Richard Strauss)
  • 1911 L'heure espagnole (Maurice Ravel)
  • 1912 Ariadne auf Naxos (Richard Strauss)
  • 1912 Der ferne Klang (Schreker)
  • 1913 La vida breve (Manuel de Falla)
  • 1914 The Immortal Hour (Rutland Boughton)
  • 1914 The Nightingale (Igor Stravinsky)
  • 1916 Savitri (Gustav Holst)
  • 1917 Arlecchino (Ferruccio Busoni)
  • 1917 Eine florentinische Tragödie (Alexander von Zemlinsky)
  • 1917 La rondine (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1917 Palestrina (Hans Pfitzner)
  • 1918 Bluebeard's Castle (Béla Bartók)
  • 1918 Gianni Schicchi (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1918 Il tabarro (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1918 Suor Angelica (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1919 Die Frau ohne Schatten (Richard Strauss)
  • 1920 Die tote Stadt (Erich Wolfgang Korngold)
  • 1920 The Excursions of Mr. Broucek on the Moon and in the 15th Century (Leoš Janáček)

1921 – 1944[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1921 Káťa Kabanová (Leoš Janáček)
  • 1921 The Love for Three Oranges (Sergei Prokofiev)
  • 1922 Der Zwerg (Alexander von Zemlinsky)
  • 1924 Erwartung (Arnold Schoenberg)
  • 1924 Hugh the Drover (Ralph Vaughan Williams)
  • 1924 Intermezzo (Richard Strauss)
  • 1924 The Cunning Little Vixen (Leoš Janáček)
  • 1925 Doktor Faust (Ferruccio Busoni)
  • 1925 L'enfant et les sortilèges (Maurice Ravel)
  • 1925 Wozzeck (Alban Berg)
  • 1926 Cardillac (Paul Hindemith)
  • 1926 Háry János (Zoltán Kodály)
  • 1926 King Roger (Karol Szymanowski)
  • 1926 The Makropulos Affair (Leoš Janáček)
  • 1926 Turandot (Giacomo Puccini)
  • 1927 Oedipus Rex (Igor Stravinsky)
  • 1927 Jonny spielt auf (Ernst Krenek)
  • 1928 The Threepenny Opera (Kurt Weill)
  • 1929 The Nose (Dmitri Shostakovich)
  • 1930 Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (Kurt Weill)
  • 1930 From the House of the Dead (Leoš Janáček)
  • 1932 Moses und Aron (Arnold Schoenberg)
  • 1933 Arabella (Richard Strauss)
  • 1934 Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District (Dmitri Shostakovich)
  • 1935 Die schweigsame Frau (Richard Strauss)
  • 1935 Porgy and Bess (George Gershwin)
  • 1937 Lulu (Alban Berg)
  • 1937 Riders to the Sea (Ralph Vaughan Williams)
  • 1938 Daphne (Richard Strauss)
  • 1938 Julietta (Bohuslav Martinů)
  • 1938 Mathis der Maler (Paul Hindemith)
  • 1941 Paul Bunyan (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1942 Capriccio (Richard Strauss)
  • 1943 Der Kaiser von Atlantis (Viktor Ullmann)

Dari 1945[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1945 Peter Grimes (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1945 War and Peace (Sergei Prokofiev)
  • 1946 Betrothal in a Monastery (Sergei Prokofiev)
  • 1946 The Medium (Gian Carlo Menotti)
  • 1946 The Rape of Lucretia (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1947 Albert Herring (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1947 Dantons Tod (Gottfried von Einem)
  • 1947 The Telephone, or L'Amour à trois (Gian Carlo Menotti)
  • 1949 Il prigioniero (Luigi Dallapiccola)
  • 1950 The Consul (Gian Carlo Menotti)
  • 1951 Amahl and the Night Visitors (Gian Carlo Menotti)
  • 1951 Billy Budd (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1951 The Pilgrim's Progress (Ralph Vaughan Williams)
  • 1951 The Rake's Progress (Igor Stravinsky)
  • 1952 Boulevard Solitude (Hans Werner Henze)
  • 1953 Gloriana (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1954 The Fiery Angel (Sergei Prokofiev)
  • 1954 The Turn of the Screw (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1954 Troilus and Cressida (William Walton)
  • 1955 The Midsummer Marriage (Michael Tippett)
  • 1956 Candide (Leonard Bernstein)
  • 1957 Dialogues of the Carmelites (Francis Poulenc)
  • 1958 Vanessa (Samuel Barber).
  • 1959 La Voix humaine (Francis Poulenc)
  • 1960 A Midsummer Night's Dream (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1961 Elegy for Young Lovers (Hans Werner Henze)
  • 1962 King Priam (Michael Tippett)
  • 1964 Curlew River (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1965 Der junge Lord (Hans Werner Henze)
  • 1965 Die Soldaten (Bernd Alois Zimmermann)
  • 1966 Antony and Cleopatra (Samuel Barber)
  • 1966 The Bassarids (Hans Werner Henze)
  • 1967 The Bear (William Walton)
  • 1968 Punch and Judy (Harrison Birtwistle)
  • 1968 The Prodigal Son (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1969 The Devils of Loudun (Krzysztof Penderecki)
  • 1970 The Knot Garden (Michael Tippett)
  • 1971 Owen Wingrave (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1972 Taverner (Peter Maxwell Davies)
  • 1973 Death in Venice (Benjamin Britten)
  • 1976 Einstein on the Beach (Philip Glass)
  • 1978 Le Grand Macabre (György Ligeti)
  • 1978 Lear (Aribert Reimann)
  • 1980 The Lighthouse (Peter Maxwell Davies)
  • 1983 Saint-François d'Assise (Olivier Messiaen)
  • 1984 Un re in ascolto (Luciano Berio)
  • 1984 Akhnaten (Philip Glass)
  • 1986 The Mask of Orpheus (Harrison Birtwistle)
  • 1987 A Night at the Chinese Opera (Judith Weir)
  • 1987 Nixon in China (John Coolidge Adams)
  • 1991 Gawain (Harrison Birtwistle)

Sejarah opera-opera pertama yang penting[sunting | sunting sumber]

Opera-opera yang tidak tersenarai di atas tetapi penting di dalam sejarah opera.

  • 1598 Dafne (Jacopo Peri) Opera pertama dan dipersembahkan di Florence (Muzik drama ini hilang dan tidak pernah dimain dan ditayangkan sekarang [1]
  • 1600 Euridice (Jacopo Peri) Opera yang pertama (ke-dua) tetapi muzik opera yang pertama berjaya dipelihara hingga ke hari ini [2]
  • 1625 La liberazione di Ruggiero (Francesca Caccini) Opera yang pertama ditulis oleh wanita [3]
  • 1627 Dafne (Heinrich Schütz) Opera jerman yang pertama. (Muzik drama ini hilang dan tidak pernah dimain dan ditayangkan sekarang ) [4]
  • 1673 Cadmus et Hermione (Jean-Baptiste Lully) Dianggap sebagai opera sejati Perancis [5]

Pautan Wikipedia English[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Oxford ms.8
  2. Oxford ms.8
  3. Viking ms.174
  4. Oxford ms.31
  5. Viking ms.589

Rujukan dari buku dan pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. "A-Z of Opera oleh Keith Anderson, Naxos, 2000". http://www.naxos.com/education/opera_composer.asp?char=A. 
  2. "The Standard Repertoire of Grand Opera 1607-1969" (OUP, 1996; paperback edition Pimlico, 1997) ISBN 0-7126-6633-8.
  3. Senarai dari kronologi opera oleh Mary Ann Smart in The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera (OUP, 1994) ISBN 0-19-816282-0.
  4. The New Kobbe's Opera Book, ed. George Lascelles, Earl ke-7 dari Harewood (Putnam, 9th ed., 1997) ISBN 0-370-10020-4
  5. "The Rough Guide to Opera". http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/toc/1858287499?n=266239.  oleh Matthew Boyden. (2002 edition) ISBN 1-85828-749-9.
  6. The Metropolitan Opera Guide to Recorded Opera ed. Paul Gruber (Thames and Hudson, 1993) ISBN 0-393-03444-5 dan/atau Metropolitan Opera Stories of the Great Operas ed. John W Freeman (Norton, 1984) ISBN 0-393-01888-1
  7. Senarai opera dan penggubah dalam Who's Who in British Opera ed. Nicky Adam (Scolar Press, 1993) ISBN 0 859 67 894 6
  8. Senarai opera dalam Warrack, John, dan Ewan West (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Opera. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-869164-5. 
  9. Senarai opera dalam Who's Who in Opera: a guide to opera characters oleh Joyce Bourne (Oxford University Press, 1998) ISBN 0-19-210023-8

Nota

  • Keseluruhan 93 opera di atas adalah : Adriana Lecouvreur, Aida, Arabella, Ariadne auf Naxos, Un Ballo in Maschera, The Barber of Seville, The Bartered Bride, Billy Budd, Bluebeard's Castle, La bohème, Boris Godunov, Capriccio, Carmen, Cavalleria rusticana, La cenerentola, La clemenza di Tito, Les contes d'Hoffmann, Così fan tutte, The Cunning Little Vixen, Dido and Aeneas, Don Carlos, Don Giovanni, Don Pasquale, Elektra, L'elisir d'amore, L'enfant et les sortilèges, Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Eugene Onegin, Falstaff, Faust, Fidelio, The Flying Dutchman, La forza del destino, Der Freischütz, Giulio Cesare, The Golden Cockerel, Götterdämmerung, L'heure espagnole, Les Huguenots, Idomeneo, L'incoronazione di Poppea, L'Italiana in Algeri, Jenůfa, Káťa Kabanová, Lakmé, The Marriage of Figaro, Il matrimonio segreto, Lohengrin, Louise, Lucia di Lammermoor, Macbeth, Madama Butterfly, The Magic Flute, Manon, Médée, Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Mignon, Moses und Aron, Nabucco, Norma, Orfeo, Orfeo ed Euridice, Otello, Pagliacci, Parsifal, Les pêcheurs de perles, Pelléas et Mélisande, Peter Grimes, Prince Igor, I puritani, The Queen of Spades, The Rake's Progress, Das Rheingold, Rigoletto, Roméo et Juliette, Der Rosenkavalier, Salome, Samson and Delilah, Semiramide, Siegfried, Simon Boccanegra, La sonnambula, Tannhauser, Tosca, La traviata, Tristan und Isolde, Il trovatore, Les Troyens, Turandot, The Turn of the Screw, Die Walküre, Werther, Wozzeck

Rujukan lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Maklumat opera, penggubah dan genre dari: Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Masuk pada 19 January 2007), grovemusic.com.
  • The Viking Opera Guide (1993) ISBN 0-670-81292-7 .
  • Warrack, John; West, Ewan (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Opera. ISBN 0-19-869164-5. 
  • Boyden, Matthew, et al. (1997). Opera, the Rough Guide. ISBN 1-85828-138-5. 
  • Orrey, Leslie and Milne, Rodney. Opera: A Concise History. World of Art, Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-20217-6. 
  • Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropedia Volume 24, 15th edition. "Opera" in "Musical forms and genres". ISBN 0-85229-434-4
  • Parker, Roger (ed) (1994). The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-816282-0. 
  • The Penguin Guide to Opera on Compact Discs ed. Greenfield, March and Layton (1993 edition) ISBN 0-14-046957-5.