Senarai raja Portugal

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Raja Portugal and the Algarves
Bekas keberajaan
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (Enciclopedie Diderot).svg
Royal Coat of arms
35- Rei D. Manuel II - O Patriota.jpg
Raja terakhir:
Manuel II

Raja pertama Afonso I
Raja terakhir Manuel II
Gaya See below
Kediaman rasmi The Royal Palace of Belem, The Royal Palace of Ajuda, The Royal Palace of Necessidades, Lisbon, Portugal
Keberajaan bermula 25 July 1139
Keberajaan tamat 5 October 1910
Penuntut terkini Duarte Pio

Senarai ini adalah senarai raja-raja Portugis sejak kemerdekaan Portugal daripada kerajaan León di bawah Afonso Henriques, yang menggelarkan dirinya sebagai raja pada tahun 1139, sehinggalah Republik Portugis ditubuhkan pada 5 Oktober 1910, semasa takhta dipegang oleh Manuel II, "the Patriot", atau "the Missed King". Afonso I diterima sebagai raja pertama, dalam tahun 1143, oleh Alfonso VII dari León dan Castile, kemudian oleh Pope Alexander III pada tahun 1179.

Kerabat Burgundy, atau Dinasti Afonsine, 1143–1383[sunting | sunting sumber]


# Nama Mula Tamat Nama lain Julukan Hubungan dengan yang sebelumnya
1 Afonso I AfonsoI-P.jpg 25 Julail 1139 6 Disember 1185 Alphonso atau Alphonse I (Inggeris),
Afonso Henriques
(Portugis),
Affonso I (Old Portuguese),
si Penakluk (o Conquistador)
si Pengasas (o Fundador)
yang Agung (o Grande)
anak Henry, Count di Portugal
2 Sancho I SanchoI-P.jpg 6 Disember 1185 27 Mac 1211 si Peneroka (o Povoador) anak Afonso I
3 Afonso II AfonsoII-P.jpg 27 Mac 1211 25 Mac 1223 Alphonso atau Alphonse II (Inggeris),
Affonso II (Galician-Portuguese),
si Gemuk (o Gordo) anak Sancho I
4 Sancho II SanchoII-P.jpg 25 Mac 1223 3 Januari 1248 yang Salih (o Capelo)
yang Mengasihani (o Piedoso)
anak Afonso II
5 Afonso III CC Afonso III.jpg 3 Januari 1248 16 Februari 1279 Alphonso atau Alphonse III (Inggeris),
Affonso III (Portugis Kuno),
si Bologna (o Bolonhês) adik Sancho II
anak Afonso II
6 Dinis Dinis-P.jpg 16 Februari 1279 7 Januari 1325 Denis (Inggeris) or
Diniz (Portugis Kuno)
si Peladang (o Lavrador)
Raja Puitis (o Rei-Poeta)
Raja Troubadour (o Rei-Trovador)
anak Afonso III
7 Afonso IV AfonsoIV-P.jpg 7 Januari 1325 28 Mei 1357 Alphonso atau Alphonse IV (Inggeris),
Affonso IV (Portugis Kuno),<br
yang Berani (o Bravo) anak Dinis
8 Pedro I PeterIofPortugal.jpg 28 Mei 1357 18 Januari 1367 Peter I (Inggeris) yang Adil (o Justiceiro)
atau yang Kejam (o Cruel)
si Pendendam (o Vingativo) atau
yang Sehingga-Kiamat-di-Lamun-Cinta
(o Até-ao-Fim-do-Mundo-Apaixonado)
anak Afonso IV
9 Fernando I Fernando-P.jpg 18 Januari 1367 22 Oktober 1383 Ferdinand I (Inggeris) yang Kacak (o Formoso)
yang Cantik (o Belo)
yang Tidak Tetap (o Inconstante)
yang Melulu (o Inconsciente)
anak Pedro I

Kerabat Aviz, atau dinasti Joannine, (1385–kira-kira 1580)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kerabat Aviz[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor Notes
10 João I JoaoI-P.jpg 6 April 1385 14 August 1433 John I (English) the Master of Avis (o Mestre de Avis),
the One of Good Memory (o de Boa Memória),
the Good (o Bom)
or the Great (o Grande)
Half-brother of Fernando I
Illegitimate son of Pedro I
11 Duarte Duarte-P.jpg 14 August 1433 9 September 1438 Edward (English) the Eloquent (o Eloquente) or
the Philosopher-King (o Rei-Filósofo)
son of João I
12 Afonso V AfonsoV-P.jpg 9 September 1438 11 November 1477 Alphonzo V (English),
Alphonse V (English),
Affonso V (Old Portuguese)
the African (o Africano) son of Duarte Abdicated in favor of his son, who has assumed the duties of a regent of the kingdom.
13 João II Portrait of John II of Portugal.jpg 11 November 1477 15 November 1477 John II (English) the Perfect Prince (o Príncipe Perfeito)
or the Tyrant (o Tirano)
son of Afonso V Acclaimed King by the Cortes of Santarém, only to abdicate and return the throne to his father.
12 Afonso V AfonsoV-P.jpg 15 November 1477 28 August 1481 Alphonzo V (English),
Alphonse V (English),
Affonso V (Old Portuguese)
the African (o Africano) son of Duarte Resumed reign until death.
13 João II Portrait of John II of Portugal.jpg 28 August 1481 25 October 1495 John II (English) the Perfect Prince (o Príncipe Perfeito)
or the Tyrant (o Tirano)
son of Afonso V

House of Aviz-Beja[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
14 Manuel I ManuelI-P.jpg 25 October 1495 13 December 1521 Emmanuel I (English),
Manoel I (Old Portuguese)
the Fortunate (o Venturoso,
o Bem-Aventurado or o Afortunado)
first cousin and brother-in-law of João II
grandson of Duarte
15 João III John III of Portugal.jpg 13 December 1521 11 June 1557 John III (English) the Pious (o Piedoso
or o Pio)
son of Manuel I
16 Sebastião Alonso Sánchez Coello 009.jpg 11 June 1557 4 August 1578 Sebastian (English) the Desired (o Desejado) grandson of João III
17 Henrique 17- Rei D. Henrique - O Casto.jpg 27 August 1578 31 January 1580 Henry (English) the Chaste (o Casto) or
the Cardinal-King (o Cardeal-Rei)
granduncle of Sebastian
younger son of Manuel I
(18?) António
(disputed)
Antonio of Portugal.jpg 24 July 1580 25 August 1580 (in continental Portugal)
27 July 1583 (in the Azores)
Anthony (English) the Prior of Crato (o Prior do Crato)
the Determined (o Determinado)
the Fighter (o Lutador)
the Independentist (o Independentista)
nephew of João III and Henrique
grandson of Manuel I

Portuguese House of Habsburg, or Philippine Dynasty (1580–1640)[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
18 Filipe I Portrait of King Philip II of Spain, in Gold-Embroidered Costume with Order of the Golden Fleece.jpg 25 March 1581 13 September 1598 Philip I (English)
Felipe II (in Spain)
the Prudent (o Prudente) grandson of Manuel I
19 Filipe II Philip III of Spain.jpg 13 September 1598 31 March 1621 Philip II (English)
Felipe III (in Spain)
the Cruel (o Cruel) (in Portugal)
the Pious (el Pio) (in Spain)
son of Filipe I
20 Filipe III Retrato de Felipe IV en Fraga, by Diego Velázquez.jpg 31 March 1621 15 December 1640 Philip III (English)
Felipe IV (in Spain)
the Oppressor (o Opressor) (in Portugal)
the Great (el Grande) (in Spain)
son of Filipe II

House of Braganza, or Brigantine Dynasty (1640–1910)[sunting | sunting sumber]

House of Braganza[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
21 João IV JoaoIVPortugal.jpg 15 December 1640 6 November 1656 John IV (English) the Restoring King (o Restaurador)
the Fortunate (o Afortunado)
great-great-grandson of Manuel I
22 Afonso VI Afonsoviportugal.jpg 6 November 1656 12 September 1683 Afonso VI (Portuguese),
Alphonse VI (English),
Affonso VI (Old Portuguese)
the Victorious (o Vitorioso) son of João IV
23 Pedro II 24- Rei D. Pedro II - O Pacífico.jpg 12 September 1683 9 December 1706 Peter II (English) the Pacific (o Pacífico) brother of Afonso VI
younger son of João IV
24 João V Dom joão v de portugal.jpg 9 December 1706 31 July 1750 John V (English) the Magnanimous (o Magnânimo)
the Magnific (o Magnífico)
the Portuguese Sun-King
(o Rei-Sol Português)
son of Pedro II
25 José I D. José I de Portugal.jpg 31 July 1750 24 February 1777 Joseph I (English) the Reformer (o Reformador) son of John V
26 Maria I MariaIpedroIII.jpg 24 February 1777 20 March 1816 Mary I (English) the Pious (a Piedosa or a Pia)
the Mad (a Louca) (in Brazil)
daughter of José I
Pedro III 24 February 1777 25 May 1786 Peter III (English) son of João V
husband of Maria I
27 João VI Debret-djoãoVI-MHN.jpg 20 March 1816 10 March 1826 John VI (English) the Clement (o Clemente) son of Pedro III and Maria I
28 Pedro IV 29- Imperador Rei D. Pedro IV - O Soldado.jpg 10 March 1826 5 May 1826 Peter IV (English)
or Pedro I (in Brazil)
the Soldier-King (o Rei-Soldado)
the Emperor-King (o Rei-Imperador)
the Liberator (o Libertador)
son of João VI
29 Maria II Maria II Portugal 1829.jpg 5 May 1826 30 June 1828 Mary II (English) the Educator (a Educadora)
the Good-Mother (a Boa-Mãe)
daughter of Pedro IV
30 Miguel Miguel of Portugal.jpg 30 June 1828 26 May 1834 Michael (English) the Traditionalist (o Tradicionalista),
the Usurper (o Usurpador)
or the Absolutist (o Absolutista)
the Absolut-King (o Rei Absoluto)
brother of Pedro IV
younger son of João VI
- Maria II Maria II Portugal 1829.jpg 26 May 1834 15 November 1853 Mary II (English) the Educator (a Educadora) daughter of Pedro IV
Fernando II 16 September 1837 15 November 1853 Ferdinand II (English) husband of Maria II

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
31 Pedro V Don Pedro V.jpg 15 November 1853 11 November 1861 Peter V (English) the Hopeful (o Esperançoso)
the Loved One (o Bem-Amado)
the Much Loved (o Muito Amado)
son of Fernando II and Maria II
32 Luís I D Luis.jpg 11 November 1861 19 October 1889 Louis (English),
Luiz (Old Portuguese)
the Popular (o Popular)
the Good (o Bom)
brother of Pedro V
son of Fernando II and Maria II
33 Carlos I Carlos I of Portugal by José Malhoa.jpg 19 October 1889 1 February 1908 Charles (English) the Martyred (o Martirizado)
or the Diplomat (o Diplomata)
the Martyr (o Mártir)
the Oceanographer (o Oceanógrafo)
son of Luís I
34 Manuel II 35- Rei D. Manuel II - O Patriota.jpg 1 February 1908 5 October 1910 Emmanuel II (English),
Manoel II (Old Portuguese)
the Patriot (o Patriota)
the Unfortunate (o Desventurado)
the Scholar (o Estudioso) or
the Missed King (o Rei-Saudade)
son of Carlos I

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Sousa, D. António Caetano de (1946) [1735–49] (dalam bahasa Portuguese). História Genealógica da Casa Real Portuguesa. Coimbra: Atlântida-Livraria Eds.. OCLC 20210378. 
  • Jiří Louda & Michael Maclagan (1981), "Portugal", in Lines of Succession. Heraldry of the Royal families of Europe, London, Orbis Publishing, pp. 228–237. ISBN 0-85613-672-7. (revised and updated edition by Prentice Hall College Div - November 1991. ISBN 0028972554.)
  • Luís Amaral & Marcos Soromenho Santos (2002), Costados do Duque de Bragança, Lisboa, Guarda-Mor Edições.
  • Afonso Eduardo Martins Zuquete (dir.)(1989), Nobreza de Portugal e Brasil, vol. I, Lisboa, Editorial Enciclopédia.
  • Jacob Wilhelm Imhof, Stemma Regum lusitanicum sive Historia genealogica Familiae Regiae Portugallicae, Amsterdam, 1708 (reprint [1]).

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]