Sistem metro mengikut jumlah penumpang tahunan

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Bandar raya dengan sistem metro
Tokyo Subway merupakan sistem alihan laju paling banyak digunakan di dunia.
Seoul Subway adalah kedua tersibuk di dunia dan sistem alihan laju tersibuk di tanah besar Asia.
Moscow Metro adalah sistem tersibuk di Eropah dan terkenal dengan hiasan cantik stesen.
Beijing Subway adalah sistem keempat tersibuk di dunia dan tersibuk di China.
Shanghai Metro adalah sistem kelima tersibuk di dunia.
Guangzhou Metro adalah sistem keenam tersibuk di dunia.
New York City Subway adalah tersibuk di Amerika and has more stations than any other, with Templat:NYCS const (or Templat:NYCS const counting transfer stations once) stations.
Paris Métro adalah sistem tersibuk di Kesatuan Eropah dan merupakan metro tayar getah tersibuk dunia.
Hong Kong MTR adalah sistem kesembilan tersibuk di dunia dan keempat di China.
Mexico City Metro adalah sistem metro tersibuk di Latin Amerika dan kedua tersibuk di America, dan terkenal untuk archaeology dan pictographs di stesennya.
London Underground, secara popular dikenali sebagai "Tube," merupakan sistem tertua di dunia, beroperasi sejak 1863.

Sistem metro paling banyak diguna mengikut jumlah penumpang setiap tahun:

  1. Jepun Tokyo Subway (hanya Tokyo Metro dan Toei Subway) 3.161 bilion (2010) [1][2][Note 1]
  2. Korea Selatan Seoul Subway (hanya Seoul Metro, SMRT dan Seoul Subway Line 9) 2.429 bilion (2010) [Note 2]
  3. Rusia Moscow Metro 2.3888 bilion (2011) [3]
  4. Republik Rakyat China Beijing Subway 2.18 bilion (2011) [4]
  5. Republik Rakyat China Shanghai Metro 2.101 bilion (2011) [5]
  6. Republik Rakyat China Guangzhou Metro (termasuk FMetro) 1.64 bilion (2011)[6]
  7. Amerika Syarikat New York City Subway 1.640 bilion (2011) [7][Note 3]
  8. Perancis Paris Métro 1.506 bilion (2010) [8] [Note 4]
  9. Hong Kong Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway 1.482 bilion (2011) [9][Note 5]
  10. Mexico Mexico City Metro 1.410 bilion (2010) [10][11]
  11. United Kingdom London Underground 1.107 bilion (2010) [12][Note 6]
  12. Jepun Osaka Municipal Subway 837 juta (FY 2010) [13][Note 7]
  13. Brazil São Paulo Metro 811.6 juta (2011) [14]
  14. Mesir Cairo Metro 805 juta (2009/2010) [15]
  15. Rusia Saint Petersburg Metro 777.3 juta (2010) [16]
  16. Singapura Sistem Pengangkutan Gerak Cepat 744.8 juta (2010) [17][18][Note 8]
  17. Sepanyol Madrid Metro 634.5 juta (2011) [19]
  18. Chile Santiago Metro 621 juta (2010) [20]
  19. Republik Czech Prague Metro 578.5 juta (2010) [21]
  20. Republik China Taipei Metro 566.4 juta (2011) [22]
  21. Austria Vienna U-Bahn 534.4 juta (2010) [23]
  22. Ukraine Kiev Metro 519 juta (2011) [24]
  23. Jerman Berlin U-Bahn 508.9 juta (2009) [25]
  24. Republik Rakyat China Shenzhen Metro 459.8 juta (2011) [26]
  25. India Delhi Metro 459.5 juta (2010-2011) [27][Note 9]
  26. Venezuela Caracas Metro 484.6 juta (2009) [28][Note 9]
  27. Iran Tehran Metro 437.3 juta (2010) [29][Note 9]
  28. Jepun Nagoya Municipal Subway 427.5 juta (2008) [30][Note 10]
  29. Argentina Buenos Aires Subway 409.8 juta (2008) [31]
  30. Greece Athens Metro 388 juta (2009) [32]
  31. Sepanyol Barcelona Metro 381.2 juta (2010) [33]
  32. Jerman Munich U-Bahn 360 juta (2010) [34]
  33. Republik Rakyat China Nanjing Metro 344 juta (2011) [35]
  34. Kanada Toronto subway and RT 336 juta (2010) [36]
  35. Itali Rome Metro 331 juta (2008) [37]
  36. Itali Milan Metro 328 juta (2007) [38]
  37. Sweden Stockholm Metro 310 juta (2010) [39]
  38. Korea Selatan Busan Subway 300 juta (2011)[40]
  39. Hungary Budapest Metro 297 juta (2008) [41]
  40. Kanada Montreal Metro 296.3 juta (2010) [42][Note 11]
  41. Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 278 juta (2007) [43]
  42. Belarus Minsk Metro 273.6 juta (2010) [44]
  43. Perancis Lyon Metro 250 juta (2008)[petikan diperlukan]
  44. Amerika Syarikat Chicago 'L' 222 million (2011) [45]
  45. Romania Bucharest Metro 219 juta (2007) [46]
  46. Amerika Syarikat Washington Metro 217.2 juta (2010) [47]
  47. Jepun Sapporo Municipal Subway 210 juta (2006) [48]
  48. Azerbaijan Baku Metro 206.1 juta (2009) [49]
  49. Filipina Manila Light Rail Transit System 196.6 million (2008) [50]
  50. Jerman Hamburg U-Bahn 194.9 juta (2009) [51]
  51. Portugal Lisbon Metro 183 juta (2010) [52]
  52. India Kolkata Metro 173 juta (2009) [53]
  53. Jepun Yokohama Municipal Subway 164 juta (2007) [54]
  54. Colombia Medellín Metro 155 juta (2008) [55]
  55. Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 154.0 juta (2009)[56]
  56. Belgium Brussels Metro 151 juta (2010) [57]
  57. Amerika Syarikat Boston Subway 145 juta (2007) [58]
  58. Poland Warsaw Metro 140.2 juta (2010) [59]
  59. Republik Rakyat China Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) 140 juta (2009) [60]
  60. Itali Naples Metro 139 juta (2011) [61][62][63][64][65]
  61. Thailand Bangkok Skytrain 136 juta (FY 2009) [66]
  62. Jepun Kyoto Municipal Subway 125.5 juta (2008) [67]
  63. Jepun Fukuoka City Subway 124.1 juta (2007) [68]
  64. Jerman Nuremberg U-Bahn 122.5 juta (2009)[69]
  65. Jepun Kobe Municipal Subway 121 juta (2008) [70]
  66. Kanada SkyTrain (Vancouver) 117.4 juta (2010) [71]
  67. Korea Selatan Daegu Metro 115 juta (2010) [72]
  68. Turki Ankara Metro 113.2 juta (2007) [73]
  69. Jerman Frankfurt U-Bahn 112.1 juta (2008) [74]
  70. Malaysia RapidKL Transit Aliran Ringan, Kuala Lumpur 109.2 juta (2008) [75]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The figure is derived from ridership statistics of the two subway operators in Tokyo. The Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually.
  2. Seoul Subway Lines 1 to 8: 2,349,374,000 (2010) (Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics) and Seoul Subway Line 9: 80,000,000 (July 2009 ~ July 2010) (Seoul Subway Line 9 exceeds 100 million passengers) This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes SMRT, Seoul Metro, and line 9 riders. Passengers from Incheon Subway, Korail metropolitan commuter system and A'REX are excluded.
  3. Does not include Port Authority Trans-Hudson ridership, or ridership on the Staten Island Railway.
  4. The figure for Paris only includes the "métro". Traffic including the RER lines operated by the RATP reaches 1.928 billion passengers yearly.
  5. Intercity, Light Rail & Feeder Bus excluded.
  6. Does not include ridership on Docklands Light Railway (60 million), London Overground (100 million) and National Rail journeys within Greater London.
  7. The Osaka Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. If you include the Kobe and Kyoto subways the subway still only represents 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion annual rail passengers is the 2nd highest in the world after Tokyo.
  8. Includes the ridership of both operators - SMRT Corporation and SBS Transit
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  10. The Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world.
  11. All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
Ralat petik: Tag <ref> dengan nama "istanbul" yang ditentukan dalam <references> tidak digunakan dalam teks sebelumnya.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]