Taman Finsbury

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Koordinat: 51°34′16″U 0°06′03″B / 51.5712°U 0.1009°B / 51.5712; -0.1009 Templat:Harringay

Taman Finsbury adalah sebuah taman am 46 hektar (115 ekar) di Kawasan pilihan raya bandaran London Haringey.[1] Secara rasmi sebahagian dari sempadan [2] it is also adjacent to Stroud Green, daerah Taman Finsbury dan Manor House. Ia adalah salah satu dari taman London hebat yang didirikan sewaktu zaman Victoria.

Gambaran keseluruhan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalan pokok matang, Taman Finsbury


Taman memberikan sebuah kawasan hijau besar di London utara tengah. Ia mempunyai suatu campuran tanah lapang, kebun rasmi, jalan pokok matang dan sebuah kawasan arboretum dengan suatu campuran pokok-pokok yang lebih luar biasa. Ada juga sebuah tasik, kawasan permainan kanak-kanak, sebuah cafe dan sebuah kawasan pameran seni.

Kemudahan sukan di taman termasuk pic-pic bola sepak, sebuah padang boling Bowlsclub.org - Finsbury Park, sebuah stadium atletik, dan padang tenis dan boal keranjang. Luar biasa untuk London, taman ini menuanrumahkan dua kemudhan untuk sukan "Amerika": sebuah padang bola sepak Amerika, rumah pada juara negara 2007 dan 2009 London Blitz, dan intan-intan untuk sofbal dan besbol, rumah pada juara negara 2007 dan 2008 London Mets.

Dalam tahun-tahun baru ini taman ini telah digunakan untuk upacara awam besar seperti Madstock, Fleadh, Big Gay Out, Party in the Park dan Rise: London United.

Sebuah Anugerah Heritage Lottery Fund £5 juta, dibuatkan pada 2003, membolehkan renovasi penting termasuk membersihkan tasik, membinakan sebuah cafe baru dan taman permainan kanak-kanak dan dipermukakan semula dan pembaikikan padang tenis.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebelum taman[sunting | sunting sumber]

Taman ini telah dilandskapkan di lampau timur laut apa yang terdahulunya kawasan hutan jarang di Manor atau Prebend Brownswood. Ia adalah sebahagian dari suatu luas terbentang besar hutan jarang digelar Hornsey Wood yang telah dipotong lanjut dan sebelum itu digunakan untuk tanah ragutan rumput sewaktu Zaman Pertengahan. Pada pertengahan kurun kelapanbelas sebuah bilik teh telah membukakan anak bukit tanah di mana Taman Finsbury Park terletak. Warga London akan mengembara keluar untuk menlarikan diri dari asap ibu negara dan menikmati peninggalan terakhir Hornsey Wood tua. Lebih kurang pada 1800 bilik-bilik teh ini telah dibangunkan ke sebuah bandungn yang lebih besar yang menjadi gelaran Hornsey Wood House/Tavern. Sebuah tasik juga dibina di atas anak bukit dengan air dipam dari New River berhampiran. Ada juga kebotan, suatu deretan tembakan dan seni memanah, dan mungkin cock fighting dan sukan berdarah lain. Hornsey Wood Tavern telah dimusnahkan dalma proses membuat kawasan ini menjadi sebuah taman, tetapi tasik telah diperbesarkan. Meskipun, sekali taman telah dibuka, sebauh pub di sebarang jalan dari kemasukan timurnya di sepanjang Seven Sisters Road menggelarkan dirinya Hornsey Wood Tavern selepas yang terdahulunya (pub telah dinamakan semula Alexandra Dining Room, tetapi perniagaannya ditutup pada April 2007. Ia telah berikutnya diruntuhkan.).

Penubuhan taman[sunting | sunting sumber]

Matahari terbenam di Taman Finsbury

During the early part of the second quarter of the nineteenth century, following developments in Paris, Londoners began to demand the creation of open spaces as an antidote to the ever-increasing urbanisation of London. In 1841 the people of Finsbury in the City of London petitioned for a park to alleviate conditions of the poor. The present-day site of Finsbury Park was one of four suggestions for the location of a park. Originally to be named Albert Park, the first plans were drawn up in 1850. Renamed Finsbury Park, plans for the park's creation were finally ratified by an Act of Parliament in 1857. Despite some considerable local opposition, the park was formally opened on Saturday 7 August 1869. Although the park's name was taken from the area where the nineteenth century benefactors who created it lived, Finsbury Park had earlier been part of an area that bore the name as part of the Finsbury division of the Ossultone Hundred.

Kurun keduapuluh pada hari ini[sunting | sunting sumber]

The City dari Taman Finsbury

Through the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the park was a respectable and beautifully manicured space for people to relax and exercise. By the early twentieth century, it was also becoming a venue for political meetings including pacifist campaigns during the First World War. During World War II, it hosted anti-aircraft guns and was one of the gathering points for heavy armour prior to the D-Day invasions.

Despite decline during the 1970s, recent lottery funding has enabled something of a renaissance in the park's fortunes.[3]


Taman dan muzik[sunting | sunting sumber]

The park became an established music venue. Notable events have included:

  • It was the site of a comeback concert by the Sex Pistols during their 1996 Filthy Lucre Tour.
  • In 1992 at the Madstock concert, Morrissey was heckled off stage by the crowd after performing his song "National Front Disco". Many fans took exception to the song as they believed that it had a pro-racism message, and Morrissey himself was seen on stage flailing a Union Jack, which is often used by far-right groups.
  • In 1997, KISS performed there for the last show of their hugely successful Alive/Worldwide Tour.
  • In 2002, Oasis used the park for a gig during their 2002 world tour.
  • Also in 2002, New Order played at the park, which features on a live DVD '511'
  • In September 2003 rap-metal band Limp Bizkit played a huge free show in the park to make up for a cancelled UK date.[4]
  • In spring 2007, Groove Armada filmed their music video for the song Song 4 Mutya featuring Mutya Buena at the park.
  • Following their Christmas Number One, Rage Against the Machine played a free gig on 6 June 2010 at the park.

Kawan-Kawan Taman Finsbury[sunting | sunting sumber]

Suatu masa petang musim panas di Taman Finsbury

The Friends of Finsbury Park [1], founded in 1986, publish a history of the park and organise a range of environmental and arts activities in the park. They have produced a Vision for Finsbury Park supported by many local people and community groups.

Imej[sunting | sunting sumber]

Stesen tiub dan keretapi terdekat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Finsbury Park Management Plan 2007 – 2011
  2. Ward kawasan London Harringay, mengklasifikasikan taman ini sebagai dalam Harringay Ward - Peta Majlis Bandaran Haringey menunjukkan sempadan wad.
  3. Much of this section owes thanks to Hayes, Hugh (2001), A Park for Finsbury, Friends of Finsbury Park, ISBN 0-9540637-0-8 
  4. The Gorge website

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]