Templat:Sistem biologi

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Linnaeus
1735[1]
Haeckel
1866[2]
Chatton
1925[3]
Copeland
1938[4]
Whittaker
1969[5]
Woese et al.
1990[6]
Cavalier-Smith
1998[7]
2 alam 3 alam 2 empayar 4 alam 5 alam 3 domain 6 alam
(tidak diolah) Protista Prokaryota Monera Monera Bacteria Bacteria
Archaea
Eukaryota Protoctista Protista Eucarya Protozoa
Chromista
Vegetabilia Plantae Plantae Plantae Plantae
Fungi Fungi
Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia
  1. Linnaeus, C. (1735). Systemae Naturae, sive regna tria naturae, systematics proposita per classes, ordines, genera & species. 
  2. Haeckel, E. (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (Morfologi Umum Organisme). Reimer, Berlin. 
  3. Chatton, É. (1925). "Pansporella perplexa. Réflexions sur la biologie et la phylogénie des protozoaires". Annales des Sciences Naturelles - Zoologie et Biologie Animale. 10-VII: 1–84. 
  4. Copeland, H. (1938). "The kingdoms of organisms (Alam Organisme)". Quarterly Review of Biology 13: 383–420. doi:10.1086/394568. 
  5. Whittaker, R. H. (Januari 1969). "New concepts of kingdoms of organisms". Sains 163 (3863): 150–60. Bibcode:1969Sci...163..150W. doi:10.1126/science.163.3863.150. PMID 5762760. 
  6. Woese, C.; Kandler, O.; Wheelis, M. (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya.". Prosiding Akademi Sains Kebangsaan Amerika Syarikat 87 (12): 4576–9. Bibcode:1990PNAS...87.4576W. doi:10.1073/pnas.87.12.4576. PMC 54159. PMID 2112744. 
  7. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews 73 (03): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012.