Trujillo, Peru

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Trujillo, Peru
From top and left to right: Freedom Monument in Main Square, Chalanes riding in Victor Larco, Marinera dance with a paso horse, Pair of man and woman dancing marinera, dish of ceviche, surfing with a caballito de totora in Huanchaco, Huaca or Temple of the Sun, Superior Court of Judiciary La Libertad, Trujillo Spring Festival, Ceramic of anal sex mochica, House of Emancipation, View of Huanchaco, God Aiapaec painted in the Temple of the Moon, Guards in Chan Chan, Paseo Pizarro.

Bendera

Lambang rasmi
Nama panggilan: The Capital of the everlasting Spring, Capital of Culture in Peru,[1] Capital of the Marinera, Meritorious City and Faithful to the Fatherland,[2] Cradle of the typical Peruvian Paso Horse,[3] Cradle of freedom, Cradle of Judiciary in Peru[4]
In amber map of Trujillo city and its surrounding zones
[[fail:Templat:Location map Peru|250px|Trujillo, Peru yang terletak di Templat:Location map Peru]]<div style="position: absolute; top: Ralat ungkapan: Aksara tanda baca "[" tidak dikenali%; left: Ralat ungkapan: Aksara tanda baca "[" tidak dikenali%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
[[Fail:Templat:Peta lokasi Peru|10x10px|Trujillo, Peru|link=|alt=]]
<div style="font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%; position: relative; top: -1.5em; width: 6em; Ralat ungkapan: Aksara tanda baca "[" tidak dikenali">Trujillo, Peru

Location in Peru

Koordinat: 8°6′43.2″S 79°1′43.68″W / 8.112000°S 79.0288000°B / -8.112000; -79.0288000
Country  Peru
Region 20px La Libertad
Province EscudoDeTrujilloPeru.png Trujillo
Central District EscudoDeTrujilloPeru.png Trujillo
Spanish foundation November 1534 by Diego de Almagro[5]
Kerajaan
 • Jenis Mayor–council government
 • Mayor Cesar Acuña Peralta
Keluasan
 • Metro 1,100 km2 (400 sq mi)
Ketinggian 34 m (112 ft)
Populasi
 • Bandar 709,566(census 2,007)[6]
 • Metro 920,734 (Estimated 2,013)[7]
 • Kepadatan metro 837/km2 (2,170/sq mi)
Demonim

Sepanyol:

Trujillano(a)
Zon waktu PET (UTC-5)
ZIP code(s) 13001
Kod kawasan 044
Patron Saints San Valentin[8]
Virgin of La Puerta[9]
Metropolitan area Trujillo Metropolitano
Integrated districts[10] Trujillo
Victor Larco
Huanchaco
Moche
La Esperanza
Laredo
El Porvenir
Salaverry
Florencia de Mora
Laman web Municipality of Trujillo

Some notes:
-The city was founded as "Trvxillo of New Castilla"[11] -About the foundation of the city some author say it was on December 6, 1534

Trujillo merupakan sebuah bandar yang terletak di bahagian barat Peru. Penduduknya berjumlah 861,000 orang pada tahun (2005).


View from the air of the joining of Trujillo and Víctor Larco districts

Geografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Iklim[sunting | sunting sumber]

Carta iklim untuk Trujillo
J F M A M J J O S O N D
 
 
3
 
25
17
 
 
0
 
26
18
 
 
3
 
26
18
 
 
0
 
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17
 
 
0
 
23
16
 
 
0
 
22
15
 
 
0
 
21
14
 
 
0
 
20
14
 
 
0
 
20
14
 
 
0
 
21
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0
 
22
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23
14
Suhu purata dalam °C
Jumlah hujan dalam mm
Sumber: The Weather Channel (in Portuguese)

"Plan Estratégico de Desarrollo integral y Sostenible de Trujillo al 2015". </ref>

Nuvola apps kweather.png Climate data for Trujillo (Peru) Weather-rain-thunderstorm.svg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Highest Recorded Temperature (°C) 31 32 32 32 32 28 28 28 28 28 27 31
32
Average High Temperature (°C) 23 25 25 23 22 21 20 19 19 20 21 22
21
Average Temperature(°C) 22 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 17 18 19 20
19.7
Average Low Temperature (°C) 19 21 20 19 18 17 16 16 16 16 17 18
17
Lowest Recorded Temperature (°C) 10 12 12 15 8 12 12 11 7 12 7 11
7
Most Rain Reported in a Month (mm) 20 20 60
120
Average Morning Relative Humidity(%) 89 88 89 89 89 89 89 89 90 90 89 89
89
Source : Weatherbase[13]


Kawasan perbandaran di Metropolis
Trujillo dan penduduknya pada tahun 2007
Kawasan
km²
Penduduk
(census 2007)
Ketumpatan
(pop. / km²)
Ketinggian
(m)
Jarak anggaran. to
Historic Centre(km)
Trujillo 39,36 294.899 7.035,5 34 0
La Esperanza 18,64 151.845 7,8 77 4
El Porvenir 36,7 140.507 3.609,29 90 4
Victor Larco Herrera 18,02 55.781 2.846,17 3 5
Huanchaco 333,9 44.806 114,2 23 12
Florencia de Mora 1,99 40.014 18.802,5 85 5
Laredo 335,44 32.825 96,17 89 9
Moche 25,25 29.727 1.146,7 4 7
Salaverry 390,55 13.892 33,67 3 14
Trujillo metropolitan 1100 804,296 731,2 - -
*Census made by the INEI[14]
  • Grafik penduduk oleh INEI.
In the following graphic in the bars in grey color It is shown the evolution of the population of the city since 1940 till 2012 and the blue bars show the population of Trujillo metropolitan. According to INEI in 2012 the city of Trujillo with 765.495 people is Peru's third largest city by population.

Sources: INEI[15] ██ Population of Trujillo city according to INEI ██ Population of Trujillo city according to PLANDET[16] (Trujillo Metropolitan) with census data and population estimates made ​​by the INEI

Pertambahan penduduk di metropolitan Trujillo[sunting | sunting sumber]

In the following table of population distribution can be seen the demographic evolution of Trujillo metropolitan by districts since 1940 until 2013.

Demographic evolution of the Metropolis Trujillo sejak 1940 hingga 2013
Metropolitan districts
of Trujillo
[17]
Population by year[18]
1940 1961 1972 1981 1993 2007[19] Estimated
2013
[7]
1. Trujillo 45928 119221 132847 202469 247028 294899 316717
2. La Esperanza * * 42113 62550 105361 151845 176293
3. El Porvenir * * 58331 77198 80698 140507 175373
4. Victor Larco Herrera * 4565 14140 21001 42169 55781 62589
5. Huanchaco 780 1087 4497 7407 19935 44806 61923
6. Florencia de Mora * * * * 35806 40014 41968
7. Laredo * * 13269 15215 28019 32825 35095
8. Moche 3773 5903 9000 11862 22020 29727 33634
9. Salaverry 3403 4605 5284 5635 8278 13892 17142
Trujillo metropolitan(Pop.) 53884 135381 279481 403337 589314 804296 920734
Census made by the INEI[20]
Estimated Population-INEI.[21]* The asterisk sign indicates in that year the district had not been created yet.


Ekonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

According to a Study of Urban Buildings Market, between 2006 and May 2012 the construction activities in Trujillo grew 500%. It is seen a multifamily building of the city.[22]
Spain Avenue, built in an elliptical shape over the footsteps of what It was once the ancient wall of Trujillo, surrounding the initial plot of the Historic Centre of Trujillo, It is one of the busiest and commercial avenues in Trujillo.


Perdagangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

The city has the largest commercial activity in the region motivated mainly by agribusiness, industria of footwear, metal engineering, education, etc. Some of the main retail centers in the city are:


Tourism in Trujillo city
Park called El Paseo de Aguas  
Queens of Trujillo Spring Festival in visiting the Paseo de Aguas in Víctor Larco District  
Pool fun in the Paseo de Aguas  
Tunnel of desires in the El Paseo de Aguas  
Paso Peruvian horse dancing marinera  


Universiti[sunting | sunting sumber]

People related with National University of Trujillo (UNT)
Poet Cesar Vallejo
called by Thomas Merton "the greatest universal poet since Dante", studied at National University of Trujillo  
José Faustino Sánchez Carrión
considered by congress of his country the founder of Peruvian Republic, he also founded with Simon Bolivar the National University of Trujillo on May 10, 1824 
Maria Julia Mantilla
Miss World 2004, studied Education at UNT  
Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre
He is considered the most important Peruvian political leader of 20th century, studied literature at UNT  
Ciro Alegría
journalist, politician, and novelist  
Antenor Orrego
Studied Philosophy at UNT  
Eduardo González Viaña
Studied laws at UNT, he's a direct successor of the North Group  


Institusi Kesenian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Muzium dan Ruang Pameran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Museum of site in Chan Chan
Museum of site in Huaca del Sol
Museum of Modern art


  • Muzium Chan Chan

The museum is located at the foot of Chan Chan, the largest mud city in Latin America are shown in the most important findings found in the Chimu city as well as studies on political and religious division.

Trujillo's historic heritage

Perayaan dan acara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Young couple on a dance show of Marinera during a visit of United States Navy in Trujillo city
The champions and professional dancers Lizet Castañeda and Gino Morales in the corso of the 52th "Marinera festival" in Trujillo 2012
Chalan in its Peruvian paso horse dancing marinera with a woman dancer
The corso is one of the principal attractions in Trujillo Spring Festival
Chalanes trujillanos riding Peruvian paso horses in Víctor Larco

Trujillo city has many national and international festivals. Festivals and events occurring regularly include:


Pengangkutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

View of Salaverry port from the air, one of the most active commercial ports from Peru

.

Media[sunting | sunting sumber]

Surat khabar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Among the newspapers published in the city of Trujillo; one of the largest circulation newspaper is La Industria,[23] also publishes the newspaper Nuevo Norte[24] and the evening newspaper that is called Satélite.[25]

Telekomunikasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Saluran televisyen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Trujillo is the headquarters of several television channels some with a presence in several cities in the northern region. The following table shows the TV channels based in Trujillo.

TV stations in Trujillo city
Name Channel Name Channel
UCV Satelital 15 Antena Norte[26] 35
Ozono TV 41 TV Mundo 27
Frecuencia TV 55 SOL TV[27] 21
CTV Televisión 45 UPAO TV 39

Radio[sunting | sunting sumber]

From Trujillo several stations emit their radio signal type AM and FM . Following is a table with some FM stations.

Radio stations in Trujillo city
FM Radios
Radio MHz Radio MHz
Radio Nova 105.1 MHz Frecuencia 100 101.9 MHz
Stereo Diplomat Radio 92.1 MHz 96 Bravaza 96.1 MHz
Ozono Radio 104.1 MHz Radio La Grande 99.1 MHz
Radio Rumba 99.9 MHz PeruFolkRadio
Radio Boulevard

Sukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

A pre-Columbian pottery of a Mochica navigator (3.000 years old)


Orang terkenal dan residen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Henry Ian Cusick, Emmy-nominated actor born in Trujillo

Trujillo from 1940 to 1955.

Bandar kembar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Multimedia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. "Ministerio Público – Fiscalía de la Nación: Información del distrito judicial La Libertad". Diperoleh pada Consultado el 15 de abril de 2012. 
  2. (Sepanyol)Luis Alva Castro (2003). "LEYES DE LA LIBERTAD". Diperoleh pada September 29, 2012. 
  3. Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan senamhi.gob.pe tidak disediakan
  4. "History of Judiciary in Perú". Diperoleh pada 29 de marzo de 2012. 
  5. Newspaper La Industria (pengarang). (Spanish)Napoleón Cieza Burga:Fundación de Trujillo no fue el 5 de marzo. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada January 13, 2013. Diperoleh pada April 27, 2012. 
  6. (Sepanyol)"PERÚ: Migración Interna reciente y el Sistema de Ciudades 2001 – 2007". 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "INEI Statistics- year 2012". 
  8. "San Valentín Patrono de Trujillo y el Terremoto de 1619 (San Valentín Patron of Trujillo and the Earthquake of 1619)" (dalam bahasa Spanish). May 25, 2012. 
  9. "Virgen de La Puerta (Virgin of La Puerta)" (dalam bahasa Spanish). May 25, 2012. 
  10. "Trujillo Metropolitan districts (page 15)". Diperoleh pada July 21, 2012. 
  11. Historia General del Perú – Garcilaso de la Vega. Diperoleh pada 27 de April de 2012. 
  12. "Himno a Trujillo". Diperoleh pada 29 de marzo de 2012. 
  13. "Historical data Weather for Trujillo – Weatherbase". 
  14. Ezio Quispe Fernández. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática". Inei.gob.pe. Diperoleh pada 2012-07-29. 
  15. INEI (pengarang). "Peru : National Population census by main cities: 1940, 1961, 1972, 1981 AND 1993 – INEI". Diperoleh pada August 13, 2012. 
  16. Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan plandet tidak disediakan
  17. (Sepanyol)PLANDET (pengarang). "Plan estrategico de desarrollo integral y sostenible de Trujillo – Trujillo Metropolitan districts (page 15)". Diperoleh pada July 21, 2012. 
  18. "Plan of Metropolitan development of Trujillo-Plandet (Pag. 36)". 
  19. Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan citymark tidak disediakan
  20. National Institute of Statistics and Information-Peru http://www.inei.gob.pe/
  21. "INEI Statistics Population- year 2013". 
  22. (Sepanyol)"Actividad Constructora creció en 500% en Trujillo". 
  23. "Noticias Trujillo – Diario La Industria | Noticias Trujillo, La Libertad, MPT, César Acuña, UCV, Gringasho, geotubos, Descentralizado 2012". Laindustria.pe. Diperoleh pada 2012-07-29. 
  24. "::: Diario Regional Nuevo Norte :::". Nuevonorte.com.pe. Diperoleh pada 2012-07-29. 
  25. "Vespertino Satélite 2011 | De 2 balazos en la cabeza matan a muchacho en La Hermelinda,¡Trujillano muerto en España!,A balazos matan a trabajador de Casa Grande para robar moto, Balean a joven Mototaxista". Satelite.laindustria.pe. Diperoleh pada 2012-07-29. 
  26. José Delgado Mejía. "Antena Norte". Antena Norte. Diperoleh pada 2012-07-29. 
  27. "Sol TV Perú | La señal del norte". Soltvperu.com. Diperoleh pada 2012-07-29. 
  28. "Peru fashion". 
  29. "Trujillana 'Chicama', mejor largometraje del 2012". 2012. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada April 16, 2013. Diperoleh pada December 15, 2012. 
  30. "Ciudades hermanadas" (dalam bahasa Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Trujillo. Diperoleh pada July 26, 2009. 
  31. Salt Lake sister cities, Ciudades hermanas de Salt Lake City. Consultado el 13 de agosto de 2009.
  32. "La hermandad Trujillo-Metepec". Noticiastrujillo. Diperoleh pada August 13, 2009. 
  33. "Sister Cities International (SCI)". Sister-cities.org. Diperoleh pada 2012-11-07. 


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