Wikiversity

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Wikiversity
Logo Wikiversity
URL http://www.wikiversity.org/
Komersial? Tidak
Pendaftaran Tidak wajib
Bahasa yang disediakan Pelbagai bahasa
Pemilik Yayasan Wikimedia
Dicipta oleh Komuniti Wikimedia

Wikiversity merupakan sebuah projek beta Yayasan Wikimedia[1], menumpukan pada bahan dan aktiviti pembelajaran, terletak di www.wikiversity.org. Fasa beta Wikiversity dimulakan secara rasmi pada 15 Ogos 2006 dengan Wikiversity Bahasa Inggeris. Kini terdapat lima edisi bahasa untuk Wikiversity - Bahasa Inggeris, Bahasa Perancis, Bahasa Jerman, Bahasa Itali, dan Bahasa Sepanyol - serta projek Wikiversity baru dalam bahasa-bahasa lain dalam perkembangan di hab multilingual "beta".

Maklumat lanjut tentang projek[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wikiversity is in development as a center for the creation and use of free learning materials, and the provision of learning activities. Its primary priorities and goals are to:

  • Create and host a range of free-content, multilingual learning materials/resources, for all age groups in all languages
  • Host scholarly/learning projects and communities that support these materials[2]

The Wikiversity e-Learning model places emphasis on "learning groups" and "learning by doing". Wikiversity's motto and slogan is "set learning free".[3][4] The idea is that these groups/communities of Wikiversity participants engage in scholarly learning projects, and that learning is through collaboration on projects that involve editing Wikiversity pages. Wikiversity learning projects consist of collections of wiki webpages concerned with the scholarly exploration of a particular topic.[5] Wikiversity participants can (and do) express their learning goals and the Wikiversity community collaborates to develop learning activities and projects to accommodate those goals.

Learning resources are developed by an individual or groups, either on their own initiative, or as part of a learning project. Wikiversity resources include teaching aids, lesson plans, curricula, links to off-site resources, and reading lists - but do not include textbooks, which are developed at Wikibooks.[6] Learning groups with interests in each subject area create a web of resources that form the basis of discussions and activities at Wikiversity. Learning resources can be used by educators outside of Wikiversity for their own purposes, under the terms of the GFDL (like Wikipedia).

In order to move out of its "beta" phase, a goal for the Wikiversity community during the six month beta phase is the creation of policies governing research activities. Wikiversity may act as a repository of research carried out by the Wikimedia Research Network, or others who are involved in wiki-based, or other research. Whether or not Wikiversity will ever host original research in addition to secondary research is the subject of debate, and guidelines for what would be appropriate research will be developed during the beta phase of the project through a community consensus process.[7][8]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada asalnya Wikiversity dimulakan di Wikibooks pada tahun 2003. Pada tahun 2005, satu cadangan formal[9] untuk memulakan Wikiversity sebagai sebuah projek sendiri dijalankan pengundian.[10] Projek Wikiversity dibincangkan dalam mesyuarat Lembaga Wikimedia pada November 2005.[11] Lembaga Pemegang Amanah Yayasan Wikimedia meminta supaya beberapa perubahan dibuat sebelum projek dimulakan pada tapak web sendiri. Cadangan projek yang telah diubah disahkan oleh Lembaga itu. Apabila cadangan ini disahkan, 17 portal bahasa telah dikembangkan di Wikibooks.

Yang menarik ialah, Wikiversity merangkumi konsep James Grier Miller (1982) untuk Universiti Dunia.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Welcome speech, Jimbo Wales, Wikimania 2006 (audio)
  2. Approved Wikiversity project proposal, Wikiversity
  3. Wikiversity:Learning, Wikiversity
  4. Wikiversity learning model, Wikiversity
  5. Wikiversity learning projects portal, Wikiversity
  6. Wikiversity:What Wikiversity is not, Wikiversity
  7. Scope of research on Wikiversity (in development), Multingual Wikiversity hub
  8. Wikiversity research guidelines (in development), Multilingual Wikiversity hub
  9. Wikimedia Meta-Wiki: Cadangan Wikiversity asal (tidak disahkan)
  10. Wikimedia Meta-Wiki: Pengundian Wikiversity
  11. Wikimedia Meta-Wiki: Agenda Lembaga bagi Yayasan Wikimedia

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]