Amal Clooney

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Amal Clooney
أمل كلوني
Amal Clooney 02.jpg
Clooney pada tahun 2018
KelahiranAmal Alamuddin
أمل علم الدين

(1978-02-03) 3 Februari 1978 (umur 42)
Beirut, Lubnan
Warganegara
Pusat pendidikan
PekerjaanPeguam cara
Tahun aktif2000–present
PasanganGeorge Clooney (k. 2014)
Anak2

Amal Alamuddin (Bahasa Arab: أمل علم الدين‎; lahir 3 Februari 1978)[1] ialah seorang peguam cara kelahiran Lubnan yang mengkhusus kepada undang-undang antarabangsa dan hak asasi manusia.[2] Beliau pernah mewakili beberapa klien penting berkaitan isu antarabangsa termasuk Julian Assange, pengasas WikiLeaks;[3] Perdana Menteri Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko;[4] Mohamed Fahmy; dan Nadia Murad.

Beliau mengambil nama Amal Clooney sejak perkahwinannya dengan pelakon Amerika Syarikat, George Clooney pada tahun 2014. Pasangan tersebut turut mendirikan suatu yayasan bernama Clooney Foundation pada tahun 2014 sebagai bertujuan menegakkan keadilan di mahkamah seluruh dunia.

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Awal hidup[sunting | sunting sumber]

Amal dilahirkan di Beirut, Lubnan pada 3 Februari 1978. Ayahnya, Ramzi Alam Uddin, berasal dari masyarakat Duruzi kelahiran Baakline[5][6][7][8][9][10] lepasan serta bekas naib presiden American University of Beirut serta memiliki sebuah agensi perwisataan;[11] manakala ibunya Bariaa Miknass merupakan seorang penganut Islam Sunni[12][13] kelahiran Tripoli, utara Lubnan[12][13] bekerja sebagai editor luar negara akhbar al-Hayat.[14]

Keluarganya menyelamatkan diri dari negara tersebut berikutan meletusnya Perang Saudara Lubnan semasa tahun 1980-an, dan mereka menjalani kehidupan baharu mereka di Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.[15]

Pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Clooney mendapat pendidikannya di Dr Challoner's High School di Little Chalfont, Buckinghamshire. Beliau kemudiannya melanjutkan pengajian di St Hugh's College, Oxford di mana beliau mendapat biasiswa dan anugerah terpuji hasil prestasi baiknya.[16][17] Beliau mendapat ijazah BA dalam bidang kehakiman ("Jurisprudence", setaraf Bachelor of Laws)[18] dari sana pada tahun 2000.[19][20]Beliau memasuki New York University School of Law pada tahun berikutnya.

Kerjaya kehakiman[sunting | sunting sumber]

Beliau diterima masuk sebagai seorang hakim di Bandar Raya New York pada tahun 2002 serta di England dan Wales pada tahun 2010. Beliau menjalani suatu program kekeranian dalam Mahkamah Jenayah Antarabangsa di bawah Hakim-Hakim Vladlen S. Vereshchetin (Rusia), Nabil Elaraby (Mesir),[21][22] dan Franklin Berman (United Kingdom, secara ad hoc) pada tahun 2004.

Karya penulisan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Alamuddin, Amal (2010). "II. Before the Trial Begins; 6. Collection of Evidence". Dalam Khan, Karim A.A.; Buisman, Caroline; Gosnell, Christopher (para penyunting). Principles of Evidence in International Criminal Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. halaman 231–305. ISBN 978-0-19-958892-3. OCLC 663822377.
  • Alamuddin, Amal; Webb, Philippa (15 November 2010). "Expanding Jurisdiction over War Crimes under Article 8 of the ICC Statute". Journal of International Criminal Justice. 8 (5): 1219–1243. doi:10.1093/jicj/mqq066. ISSN 1478-1387. OCLC 775833494.[23]
  • Alamuddin, Amal (April 2012). "Does Libya Have to Surrender Saif Al-slam Gaddafi to The Hague?" (PDF). Mizaan: The Newsletter from Lawyers for Justice in Libya (1).
  • Alamuddin, Amal (10 December 2012). "Will Syria go to the ICC?" (PDF). The Lawyer.
  • Alamuddin, Amal; Hardman, Nadia (February 2014). "Separating Law and Politics: Challenges to the Independence of Judges and Prosecutors in Egypt". Report of the International Bar Association Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI), Supported by the Open Society Foundations Arab Regional Office. PDF
  • Alamuddin, Amal (2014). "The role of the Security Council in starting and stopping cases at the International Criminal Court: problems of principle and practice". Dalam Zidar, Andraž; Bekou, Olympia (para penyunting). Contemporary Challenges for the International Criminal Court. London: British Institute of International and Comparative Law. halaman 103–130. ISBN 978-1-90522-151-6. OCLC 871319445.
  • Alamuddin, Amal; Bonini, Anna (2014). "Chapter 4: The UN investigation of the Hariri assassination; The relationship between the UN investigation commission and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Problems of Principle and Practice". Dalam Alamuddin, Amal; Jurdi, Nidal Nabil; Tolbert, David (para penyunting). The Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Law and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. halaman 50–72. ISBN 978-0-19-968745-9. OCLC 861207456.
  • Clooney, Amal (18 Ogos 2014). "The Anatomy of an Unfair Trial". Huffington Post.
  • Clooney, Amal (30 April 2015). "Release Mohamed Nasheed – an innocent man and the Maldives' great hope". The Guardian (dalam bahasa Inggeris).
  • Clooney, Amal (14 Oktober 2015). "Maldives Backslides Into Repression as the World Calls for President Nasheed's Release". Huffington Post.
  • Clooney, Amal; Webb, Philippa (2018). The Right to a Fair Trial in International Law. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-198-80839-8. OCLC 994411014. (forthcoming November 2018)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Russian, Ale (5 Februari 2018). "Amal's Big 40! George Clooney Celebrates Wife's Birthday on 24-Hour Getaway". People (dalam bahasa Inggeris).
  2. ^ Nicole Lyn, Pesce; Dillon, Nancy; Rivera, Zayda (29 April 2014). "George Clooney Finally Meets His Match With Human Rights Lawyer Amal Alamuddin". Daily News.
  3. ^ Rothman, Michael (19 March 2014). "5 Things About Amal Alamuddin". ABC News.
  4. ^ Johnston, Ian (27 April 2014). "George Clooney Engaged To Amal Alamuddin: Actor To Marry British Human Rights Lawyer Who Has Represented Julian Assange". The Independent.
  5. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan AlArabiya-WhoIs-2014 tidak disediakan
  6. ^ Globe Staff (11 Julai 2014). "George Clooney rejects Daily Mail's apology for 'fabricated' story". The Globe and Mail. Phillip Crawley. Dicapai pada 21 August 2014. whose father, Ramzi, belongs to a prominent Druze family.
  7. ^ "Talk of the village: What does Amal Alamuddin's Druze community think of Clooney engagement?". The Daily Star. Al Bawaba. 26 Mei 2014. Dicapai pada 21 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Clooney, Alamuddin set Sept. 20 marriage date". Daily Star. 8 August 2014. Dicapai pada 28 September 2014.
  9. ^ Younes, Ali (30 April 2014). "Who is Amal Alamuddin, reported George Clooney's new fiancee". The Arab Daily News. Dicapai pada 28 September 2014.
  10. ^ Smith, Lee (19 Mei 2014). "But Is It Good for the Druze?George Clooney and his future in-laws". The Weekly Standard. 19 (34). Dicapai pada 28 September 2014.
  11. ^ "George Clooney's Fiancée Amal Alamuddin Has Beauty, Brains And Style". The Straits Times. 27 April 2014. Dicapai pada 6 Mei 2014.
  12. ^ a b Gebeily, Maya (30 April 2014). "Amal Alamuddin from 'Druze family of sheikhs'". NOW News. Diarkib daripada yang asal pada 6 Oktober 2014. Dicapai pada 28 September 2014. Parameter |dead-url= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)
  13. ^ a b Gatten, Emma (13 September 2014). "Amal Alamuddin: George Clooney's Betrothed a Star Among Druze Community". NBC News. Dicapai pada 28 September 2014.
  14. ^ Amal Clooney - the most wanted woman in Britain, Matthew Bell tries to hang out with Mrs Clooney, Tatler, Tuesday, 19 January 2016: '"I remember her as humane and brainy," adds Ghil'ad Zuckermann, now a professor of linguistics at the University of Adelaide, Australia, who was also at St Hugh's with Amal. "Students were talking about Amal even then, especially those from Middle Eastern backgrounds. I remember being told around 1997 about her famous journalist mother."'
  15. ^ Flanagan, Padraic (28 April 2014). "George Clooney Engaged to High-Flying British Lawyer". The Daily Telegraph.
  16. ^ "Colleges, Halls, and Societies: Notices – St Hugh's College". Oxford University Gazette. 23 Oktober 1997. Diarkib daripada yang asal pada 18 Julai 2010. Dicapai pada 6 Mei 2014. Parameter |dead-url= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)
  17. ^ McNeal, Gregory S. (27 April 2014). "International Lawyer And Scholar Amal Alamuddin Engaged To George Clooney". Forbes. Dicapai pada 15 September 2014.
  18. ^ "Law (Jurisprudence)". University of Oxford. Dicapai pada 8 April 2014.
  19. ^ "Amal Alamuddin". Doughty Street Chambers. Diarkib daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 31 Julai 2015. Dicapai pada 14 Mei 2015. Parameter |dead-url= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)
  20. ^ Schumann, Rebecka (29 Oktober 2013). "George Clooney Girlfriend Revealed: Who Is Amal Alamuddin? 6 Fast Facts About The Actor's New Love". International Business Times. Dicapai pada 6 Mei 2014.
  21. ^ "Clerkships – Prior and Present Clerks". Institute for International Law and Justice. New York University School of Law. Diarkib daripada yang asal pada 4 September 2014. Dicapai pada 28 September 2014. Parameter |dead-url= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)
  22. ^ Chi, Paul (27 Februari 2014). "George Clooney Engaged to Amal Alamuddin: 5 Fast Facts About Her". People. Dicapai pada 6 Mei 2014.
  23. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan ExpandingJurisdiction-2010 tidak disediakan

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]