Amerigo Vespucci

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Amerigo Vespucci
Portrait of Amerigo Vespucci.jpg
Potret anumerta Vespucci karya Cristofano dell'Altissimo di Uffizi, Firenze.
Kelahiran9 Mac 1454
Firenze, Republik Firenze (kini di Itali)
Meninggal dunia22 Februari 1512 (berusia 57 tahun)
Seville, Kerajaan Castilla (kini Sepanyol)
Nama lainAmérico Vespucio (b. Sepanyol)
Americus Vespucius (b. Latin)
Américo Vespúcio (b. Portugis)
Alberigo Vespucci
PekerjaanSaudagar, peneroka, pembuat peta
Terkenal keranaMenunjukkan bukti Dunia Baru sebagai benua yang baru dan berasingan bukan Asia[a]
Tandatangan
AmerigoVespucci Signature.png

Amerigo Vespucci [ameˈriːɡo veˈsputtʃi, a-mé-ri-go vés-pu-ci]; 9 Mac 1454 - 22 Feb 1512) adalah seorang peneroka dan pembuat peta kelahiran Republik Firenze. Beliau terlibat dalam pelayaran didanai Kerajaan Portugal sekitar 1501-1502 di mana beliau menemukan bahawa tanah Brazil dan Hindia Barat yang diterokai mereka tidaklah pinggiran timur Asia sepertimana yang disangka dalam pelayaran Christopher Columbus tetapi sebenarnya suatu benua yang berasingan yang digambarkan sebagai " Dunia Baru ". Benua ini diberi nama "America" pada tahun 1507 sempena beliau (melalui pelatinan nama keluarganya Americus).[1]

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Pelayaran ke Dunia Baru, penemuan beliau[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  1. ^ See ‘’Encyclopædia Britannica Online’’ “Amerigo Vespucci” and Room, Adrian (2004), ‘’Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for over 5000 natural features, countries, capitals, territories, cities and historic sights’’; the Americas are believed to have derived their name from the feminized Latin version of his first name.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Arciniegas, German (1955). Amerigo and the New World: The Life and Times of Amerigo Vespucci (ed. Translated by Harriet de Onis). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Brinkbaumer, Klaus; Hoges, Clemens (2004). The Voyage of the Vizcaina. Diterjemah oleh Streck, Annette. Harcourt. halaman 105-109. ISBN 9780151011865.
  • Diffie, Bailey W.; Winius, George D. (1977). Foundations of the Portuguese Empire 1415-1580. University of Minnesota Press. halaman 456–462.
  • Fernández-Armesto, Felipe (2007) ‘’Amerigo: The Man Who Gave his Name to America’’. New York: Random House.
  • Formisano, Luciano (1992) ‘’Letters from a New World: Amerigo Vespucci’s Discovery of America’’. New York: Marsilio.
  • Lester, Toby (2009). The Fourth Part of the World. New York: Free Press. ISBN 9781416535317.
  • Magnaghi, Alberto (1924) ‘’Amerigo Vespucci: Studio critico, con speciale riguardo ad una nuova valutazione delle fonti e con documenti inediti tratti dal Codice Vaglienti’’, 2 vols, 1926 (2nd.) ed., Rome: Treves
  • Markham, Clements R., ed. (1894) ‘’The Letters of Amerigo Vespucci, and Other Documents Illustrative of His Career’’. Hakluyt Society. (Reissued by Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-1-108-01286-7)
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1974). The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, 1492-1616. New York: Oxford University Press. halaman 276–312.
  • Ober, Frederick A. (1907) ‘’Amerigo Vespucci’’ New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Pohl, Frederick J. (1944). Amerigo Vespucci: Pilot Major. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Schulz, Norbert ‘’Amerigo Vespucci, Mundus Novus (mit Zweittexten)’’. M.M.O., Verlag zur Förderung des Mittel- und Neulat (Vivarium (Series neolatina, Band II)) ISBN 978-3-9811144-2-3
  • Thomas, Hugh (2003). Rivers of Gold. New York: Random House. halaman 269-276. ISBN 0375502041.
  • Ray, Kurt (2003) ‘’Amerigo Vespucci: Italian Explorer of the Americas’’, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2003 ISBN 0-8239-3615-5.
  • Amerigo Vespucci (Charles Lester Edwards, Amerigo Vespucci) [2009] Viartis ISBN 978-1-906421-02-1

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