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|Sir Andrew Caldecott|
|19th Governor of Hong Kong|
12 December 1935 – 28 October 1937
|Didahului oleh||Sir William Peel|
|Digantikan oleh||Sir Geoffrey Alexander Stafford Northcote|
|Lahir||26 Oktober 1884|
|Meninggal dunia||14 Julai 1951(umur 66)|
|Alma mater||Exeter College, Oxford|
|Profesion||civil servant, colonial administrator|
Kehidupan awal dan pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]
Sir Andrew Caldecott telah dilahirkan pada 26 Oktober 1884 di Kent, England. Bapanya adalah seorang kerani. Caldecott telah dididik di Uppingham, dan Kolej Exeter, Oxford, di mana beliau telah menjadi seorang Fellow kehormat dalam tahun 1948.
Kerjaya perkhidmatan kolonial[sunting | sunting sumber]
Between 1907 and 1935, he held various appointments in the Malayan Civil Service, including:
- Acting Controller of Labour
- Under-Secretary to the Straits Settlements
- Commissioner of Lands Federated Malay States
- Secretary for Postal Affairs
- Acting British Resident at Negri Sembilan
- Acting British Resident at Perak
- and British Resident at Selangor.
Later in his time in Malaya, Caldecott served as:
- Chief Secretary to the Government of the Federated Malay States (1931–1933)
- Colonial Secretary to the Straits Settlements (1933–1935)
- Officer Administering the Government of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States (1934).
Through his experience in the Malayan administration, Caldecott was famous for his ability to settle quarrels between different ethnic groups.
Gabernor Hong Kong[sunting | sunting sumber]
In 1935, Caldecott was appointed governor of Hong Kong. His tenure was the shortest in Hong Kong colonial history, for he was appointed the second last governor of Ceylon a little more than a year later to handle the threat to the British administration caused by the overwhelming national liberation movement in Ceylon. When arriving in Hong Kong to assume the Governorship, Caldecott, unusually, elected to wear civilian dress, something that would not happen again until the arrival, in 1992, of the last colonial Governor, Chris Patten.
It was during Caldecott's tenure that Hong Kong's Kai Tak Airport received its first regular arrival, the "Dorado" and the Queen Mary Hospital opened as an adjunct hospital to the Hong Kong University (the hospital is now under the control of the Hong Kong Hospital Authority). His tenure also saw the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, with more than 100,000 refugees from the Chinese Mainland flooding into Hong Kong to escape the conflict.
Kehidupan peribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]
Caldecott telah berkahwin dengan Olive Mary pada tahun 1918 dan mereka dikurniakan dennngan satu anak lelaki dan perempuan. Selepas kematian Olive pada thaun 1943, Caldecott telah berkahwin pada tahun 1946 kepada Evelyn May. Caldecott telah mati pada 14 Julai 1951.
Awards and honours[sunting | sunting sumber]
- C.M.G., 1932
- K.C.M.G., 1937
- G.C.M.G., 1941
- C.B.E., 1926
- K.B.E., 1935
- K.St.J., 1936
- Awarded M.A. in Oxon
- Awarded LL.D. in Ceylon
- Malayan Commissioner, British Empire Exhibition, 1924-5
- Member, Royal Asiatic Society (M.R.A.S.)
- Fellow, Royal Society of Arts (F.R.S.A.)
- Honorary Fellow, Royal Philharmonic Society, 1947
Writings[sunting | sunting sumber]
- History of Jelebu
- Not Exactly Ghosts, London: Arnold, 1947 (Including: "A Room in a Rectory", "Branch Line to Benceston", "Sonata in D Minor", "Autoepitaphy", "Whiffs of the Sea", The Pump in Thorp's Spinney", "Light in the Darkness", "Decastroland", A Victim of Medusa", "Fits of the Blues", "Christmas Reunion", "In Due Course".)
- Fires Burn Blue, London: Arnold, 1948 (Including: "An Exchange of Notes", "Cheap and Nasty", "Grey Brothers", "Quintet", "Authorship Disputed", "Final Touches", "What's in a Name", "Under the Mistletoe", "His Name was Legion", "Tall Tales but True", "A Book Entry", "Seeds of Remembrance", "Seated One Day at the Organ".)
- All the stories in Not Exactly Ghosts and Fires Burn Blue were reprinted by Ash-Tree Press in the collection Not Exactly Ghosts (2002).
Places named after Andrew Caldecott[sunting | sunting sumber]
In Hong Kong, Caldecott Road, a road in New Kowloon, is named after him.
In Singapore, Caldecott Hill, Caldecott Close and Andrew Road are named after him, and Olive Road is named after his first wife.
See also[sunting | sunting sumber]
Sir William Peel
|Governor of Hong Kong
Sir Geoffrey Northcote
Maxwell MacLagan Wedderburn, acting
|Governor of Ceylon
Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore