Apollo 15

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Apollo 15
Apollo 15 flag, rover, LM, Irwin.jpg
Jim Irwin salutes the United States flag on the Moon, August 1, 1971
Jenis misiCrewed lunar landing
PengoperasiNASA[1]
COSPAR ID
  • CSM: 1971-063A[2]
  • LM: 1971-063C[3]
SATCAT №
Jangka masa misi12 days, 7 hours, 11 minutes, 53 seconds[4]
Ciri kapal angkasa lepas
Kapal angkasa lepas
Pembuat
Berat berlepas48,599 kilogram (107,142 lb)[2]
Berat pendaratan5,321 kilogram (11,731 lb)Templat:Sfb
Krew
Bilangan krew3
Ahli-ahli
Kod panggilan
  • CSM: Endeavour
  • LM: Falcon
EVA1 in cislunar space and 4 on the lunar surface[7]
Jangka masa EVA39 minutes, 7 seconds[7]
Spacewalk to retrieve film cassettes
Permulaan misi
Tarikh pelancaranJuly 26, 1971, 13:34:00.6 (1971-07-26UTC13:34Z) UTC[8]
RoketSaturn V AS-510[9]
Tapak pelancaranKennedy LC-39A[2]
Pengakhirann misi
Tarikh pendaratanAugust 7, 1971, 20:45:53 (1971-08-07UTC20:45:54Z) UTC[4]
Tapak pendaratanNorth Pacific Ocean
26°7′N 158°8′W / 26.117°N 158.133°W / 26.117; -158.133 (Apollo 15 splashdown)[4]
Parameter orbit
Sistem rujukanSelenocentric[10]
Periselene101.5 kilometer (54.8 nmi)[10]
Aposelene120.8 kilometer (65.2 nmi)[10]
Kecenderungan23 degrees[10]
EpochJuly 30, 1971[10]
Pengorbit Lunar
Komponen kapal angkasaCommand and service module
Sisipan orbitJuly 29, 1971, 20:05:46 UTC[7]
Meninggalkan orbitAugust 4, 1971, 21:22:45 UTC[7]
Orbit74[11]
Pendarat Lunar
Komponen kapal angkasaLunar module
Tarikh pendaratanJuly 30, 1971, 22:16:29 UTC[7]
Pelancaran pulangAugust 2, 1971, 17:11:23 UTC[7]
Tapak pendaratan26°07′56″N 3°38′02″E / 26.1322°N 3.6339°E / 26.1322; 3.6339[12]
Jisim sampel77 kilogram (170 lb)[4]
EVA permukaan4 (including standup)
Tempoh EVA
  • 19 hours, 7 minutes, 53 seconds[7]
  • Standup: 33 minutes, 7 seconds[7]
  • First: 6 hours, 32 minutes, 42 seconds[13]
  • Second: 7 hours, 12 minutes, 14 seconds[14]
  • Third: 4 hours, 49 minutes, 50 seconds[15]
Perayau Lunar
Jarak diliputi27.9 kilometer (17.3 mi)[4]
Templat:Infobox spaceflight/Dock Templat:Infobox spaceflight/Dock
Muatan
Berat
  • PFS-1: 78.5 paun (35.6 kg)[16]
  • LRV: 463 paun (210 kg)[11]
Apollo 15-insignia.png

The Apollo 15 Prime Crew - GPN-2000-001169.jpg
Left to right: Scott, Worden, Irwin


Apollo program
← Apollo 14 Apollo 16

Apollo 15 ialah misi kesembilan dalam program Apollo Amerika Syarikat, kelapan berjaya, dan keempat mendarat di Bulan. Ia merupakan misi J yang pertama, dengan masa yang lebih lama di Bulan dan tumpuan yang lebih besar ke sains daripada pendaratan sebelumnya. Apollo 15 menyaksikan penggunaan pertama Lunar Roving Vehicle.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Orloff, Richard W. (September 2004) [2000]. "Table of Contents". Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference. NASA History Series. Washington, D.C.: NASA. ISBN 978-0-16-050631-4. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada August 23, 2007. Dicapai July 18, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Apollo 15 Command and Service Module (CSM)". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada February 19, 2017. Dicapai December 21, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c "Apollo 15 Lunar Module /ALSEP". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Dicapai March 8, 2019. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Mission Report, m/s. 3.
  5. ^ "Apollo 15 Command Module". Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. March 17, 2016. Dicapai January 29, 2019. 
  6. ^ "Lunar Module LM-2". Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. March 21, 2016. Dicapai March 7, 2019. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Orloff, Richard W. (September 27, 2005) [2000]. "Apollo 15 timeline". Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference. NASA History Series. Washington, D.C.: NASA. ISBN 978-0-16-050631-4. Dicapai January 29, 2019. 
  8. ^ Mission Report, m/s. 1.
  9. ^ Orloff & Harland, m/s. 426.
  10. ^ a b c d e Mission Report, m/s. 10–11.
  11. ^ a b Orloff, Richard W. (September 27, 2005) [2000]. "Apollo 15 The Ninth Mission: The Fourth Lunar Landing 26 July-7 August 1971". Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference. NASA History Series. Washington, D.C.: NASA. ISBN 978-0-16-050631-4. Dicapai January 29, 2019. 
  12. ^ "NASA NSSDC Master Catalog – Apollo 15 LM descent stage". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada February 19, 2017. Dicapai January 6, 2019. 
  13. ^ Mission Report, m/s. 15.
  14. ^ Mission Report, m/s. 15–16.
  15. ^ Mission Report, m/s. 16.
  16. ^ "Apollo 15 Press Kit" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: NASA. July 15, 1971. Release No: 71-119K. Diarkibkan (PDF) daripada yang asal pada March 27, 2009. Dicapai January 6, 2019. 

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