Archibald Wavell, Earl Wavell Pertama

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Yang Amat Berhormat Fil Marsyal
Earl Wavell
GCB GCSI GCIE CMG MC PC
Archibald Wavell2.jpg
Potret Wizurai India Fil Marsyal Sir Archibald Wavell di mejanya pada 1943.
Wizurai dan Gabenor Jeneral India
Dalam jawatan
1 Oktober 1943 – 21 Februari 1947
RajaGeorge VI
Perdana MenteriWinston Churchill (1943–45)
Clement Attlee (1945–47)
Didahului olehMarquess Linlithgow
Digantikan olehViscount Mountbatten dari Burma
Ahli Dewan Pertuanan
Lord Temporal
Dalam jawatan
28 Julai 1943 – 24 Mei 1950
Keturunan bangsawan
Didahului olehKebangsawanan diwujudkan
Digantikan olehEarl Wavell Ke-2
Butiran peribadi
LahirArchibald Percival Wavell
(1883-05-05)5 Mei 1883
Colchester, Essex, England
Meninggal dunia24 Mei 1950(1950-05-24) (umur 67)
Westminster, London, England
HubunganMengahwini Eugenie Marie Quirk, mendapat seorang anak lelaki dan tiga anak perempuan
Perkhidmatan ketenteraan
KesetiaanUnited Kingdom
Perkhidmatan/
cawangan
Tentera Darat British
Tahun perkhidmatan1901–1943
PangkatFil Marsyal
UnitBlack Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)
Perkhidmatan
PertempuranPerang Boer Kedua
Perang Dunia Pertama

Pemberontakan arab di Palestin
Perang Dunia II

Anugerah

Fil Marsyal Archibald Percival Wavell, Earl Wavell Pertama, GCB, GCSI, GCIE, CMG, MC, PC (5 Mei 1883 – 24 Mei 1950) adalah seorang pegawai kanan Tentera Darat British. Beliau berkhidmat dalam Perang Boer Kedua, Kempen Lembah Bazar dan Perang Dunia I, yang mana beliau telah tercedera dalam Pertempuran Ypres Kedua. Beliau kemudian bertugas dalam Perang Dunia II, pada mulanya sebagai Panglima Tertinggi Timur Tengah, di mana peranannya memimpin tentera British hingga menang ke atas Itali di barat Mesir dan timur Libya semasa Operasi Compass pada Disember 1940, hanya dikalahkan oleh Tentera Darat Jerman di Gurun Barat pada April 1941. Beliau merupakan Panglima Tertinggi, India, dari Julai 1941 hingga Jun 1943 (selain dari perkhidmatan singkat sebagai Panglima ABDACOM) dan kemudian berkhidmat sebagai Wizurai India sehingga bersara pada Februari 1947.

Kurniaan darjah kebesaran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bar reben (seperti yang dilihat hari ini)

Order of the Bath UK ribbon.png Ord.Stella.India.jpg Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg

UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg Military cross BAR.svg Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Queens South Africa Medal 1899-1902 ribbon.png 1914 Star BAR.svg

British War Medal BAR.svg Victory Medal MID ribbon bar.svg India General Service Medal 1909 BAR.svg General Service Medal 1918 BAR.svg 39-45 Star BAR.svg

Africa Star BAR.svg Pacific Star w clasp BAR.svg GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png Order of Saint Stanislaus Ribbon.PNG

Saint vladimir (bande).png EGY Order of the Nile - Commander BAR.png Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Jordan004.gif GRE Order of George I - Grand Cross BAR.png

Virtuti Militari Ribbon.png Greek War Cross 1940 3rd class ribbon.png ETH Order of Solomon BAR.png Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945 Bar.png

Most Refulgent Order of the Star of Nepal.PNG NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Knight Grand Cross BAR.png Order of the Cloud and Banner 1st.gif US Legion of Merit Chief Commander ribbon.png

British[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lain-lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penerbitan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Tsar Nicholas II by Andrei Georgievich Elchaninov. Translated from the Russian by Archibald Percival Wavell. Hugh Rees. 1913. 
  • The Tsar and his People by Andrei Georgievich Elchaninov. Translated from the Russian by Archibald P. Wavell. Hugh Rees. 1914. 
  • The Palestine Campaigns. London: Constable. 1933. OCLC 221723716. 
  • Allenby, A Study in Greatness: The Biography of Field-Marshal Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe, G.C.B., G.C.M.G. London: Harrap. 1940–43. OCLC 224016319. 
  • Generals and Generalship: The Lees Knowles Lectures Delivered at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1939. London: Times. 1941. OCLC 5176549. 
  • Soldiers and Soldiering or Epithets of War. London: J. Cape. 1953. OCLC 123277730. 
  • Other Men's Flowers: An Anthology of Poetry. London: J. Cape. 1977 [1944]. OCLC 10681637. 
  • Other Men's Flowers: An Anthology of Poetry (edisi Memorial). London: Pimlico. 1992 [1952]. ; "this first paperback edition contains not only Lord Wavell's own introduction and annotations, but also the introduction written by his son, to whom the book was originally dedicated".
  • Allenby, Soldier and Statesman. London: White Lion. 1974 [1946]. ISBN 0-85617-408-4. 
  • Speaking Generally: broadcasts, Orders and Addresses in time of war (1939–43). London: Macmillan. 1946. OCLC 2172221. 
  • The Good Soldier. London: Macmillan. 1948. OCLC 6834669. 
  • Wavell: The Viceroy's Journal. London: Oxford University Press. 1973. ISBN 0-19-211723-8. 

Sumbangan pada terbitan berkala[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Official Middle East Despatches December 1940 to February 1941 published in "No. 37628". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 June 1946. m/s. 3261–3269. 
  • Official Middle East Despatches February 1941 to July 1941 published in "No. 37638". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 July 1946. m/s. 3423–3444. 
  • Official Iran, Iraq and Syria Despatches April 1941 to January 1942 published in "No. 37685". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 August 1946. m/s. 4093–4101. 
  • Official India Despatches March 1942 to December 1942 published in "No. 37728". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 September 1946. m/s. 4663–4671. 

Petikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "No. 29202". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 June 1915. m/s. 6118. 
  2. ^ a b "Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell". Unit histories. Dicapai 11 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan cmg tidak disediakan
  4. ^ "No. 35094". The London Gazette. 4 March 1941. m/s. 1303. 
  5. ^ "No. 34585". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1938. m/s. 3. 
  6. ^ "No. 34119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 December 1934. m/s. 4. 
  7. ^ a b "No. 36208". The London Gazette. 12 October 1943. m/s. 4513. 
  8. ^ "No. 36315". The London Gazette. 4 January 1944. m/s. 114. 
  9. ^ "No. 29945". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 August 1917. m/s. 1601. 
  10. ^ "No. 31890". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 May 1920. m/s. 5228. 
  11. ^ "No. 31890". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 May 1920. m/s. 5228. 
  12. ^ "No. 32069". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 September 1920. m/s. 9606. 
  13. ^ "No. 35157". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 May 1941. m/s. 2648. 
  14. ^ "No. 35282". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 September 1941. m/s. 5501. 
  15. ^ "No. 35519". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 April 1942. m/s. 1595. 
  16. ^ "No. 35546". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 May 1942. m/s. 1961. 
  17. ^ "No. 35863". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 January 1943. m/s. 323. 
  18. ^ "No. 36103". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 July 1943. m/s. 3319. 
  19. ^ "No. 38359". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 July 1948. m/s. 4189. 

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Allen, Louis (1984). Burma: The Longest War. J. M. Dent and Sons. ISBN 0-460-02474-4. 
  • Auchinleck, Claude (1946). Despatch on Operations in the Middle East From 5 July 1941 to 31 October 1941. London: War Office.  in "No. 37695". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 August 1946. m/s. 4215–4230. 
  • Axelrod, Alan (2008). The Real History of World War IIPendaftaran percuma diperlukan. Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4027-4090-9. 
  • Close, H. M. (1997). Attlee, Wavell, Mountbatten, and the transfer of power. National Book Foundation. 
  • Connell, John (1 January 1964). Wavell, Scholar and Soldier. Collins. 
  • Connell, John (1 April 1969). Wavell, Supreme Commander. Collins. ISBN 978-0002119207. 
  • Fort, Adrian. Archibald Wavell: The Life and Death of the Imperial Servant (2009)
  • Frame, Alex (2008). Flying Boats: My Father's War in the Mediterranean. Victoria University Press. ISBN 978-0864735621. 
  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 0-85052-696-5. 
  • Glynn, Irial (2007). An Untouchable in the Presence of Brahmins’ Lord Wavell's Disastrous Relationship with Whitehall During His Time as Viceroy to India, 1943–7. Modern Asian Studies. m/s. 639–663. 
  • Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "World War II unit histories and officers". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 3 December 2008. Dicapai 20 December 2008. 
  • Mead, Richard (2007). Churchill's Lions: A Biographical guide to the Key British Generals of World War II. Stroud: Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-431-0. 
  • Pagden, Anthony (2008). Worlds at War: The 2,500-year Struggle between East and West. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 978-0-19-923743-2. 
  • Playfair, Major-General I. S. O.; with Flynn, Captain F. C. (RN); Molony, Brigadier C. J. C. & Gleave, Group Captain T. P. (2009) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, Sir James, penyunting. The Mediterranean and Middle East: The Early Successes Against Italy, to May 1941. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. I. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-065-3. 
  • Raugh, Harold E., Jr. (2013). Wavell in the Middle East, 1939–1941: A Study in Generalship. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0806143057. 
  • Schofield, Victoria (2006). Wavell: Soldier and Statesman. London: John Murray. ISBN 978-0-71956-320-1. 
  • Wavell, Archibald Percival Wavell (1973). Wavell: The Viceroy's Journal. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0192117236. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pegawai tentera
Didahului oleh
Henry Jackson
Panglima Divisyen Ke-2
1935–1937
Diikuti oleh:
Henry Maitland Wilson
Didahului oleh
Sir John Dill
Panglima Tentera British di Palestin dan Trans-Jordan
1937–1938
Diikuti oleh:
Robert Haining
Didahului oleh
Sir John Burnett-Stuart
Panglima Markas Selatan
1938–1939
Diikuti oleh:
Sir Alan Brooke
Gelaran Baru Panglima Tertinggi Markas Timur Tengah
1939–1941
Diikuti oleh:
Sir Claude Auchinleck
Didahului oleh
Sir Claude Auchinleck
Panglima Tertinggi, India
1941–1942
Diikuti oleh:
Sir Alan Hartley
Didahului oleh
Sir Alan Hartley
Panglima Tertinggi, India
1942–1943
Diikuti oleh:
Sir Claude Auchinleck
Pejabat-pejabat kerajaan
Didahului oleh
Marquess Linlithgow
Wizurai India
1943–1947
Diikuti oleh:
Viscount Mountbatten dari Burma
Gelaran Kehormat
Didahului oleh
Lord Chetwode
Konstabel Menara London
1948–1950
Diikuti oleh:
Viscount Alanbrooke
Didahului oleh
Duke Wellington
Lord Lieutenant Daerah London
1949–1950
Diikuti oleh:
Viscount Alanbrooke
Bangsawan United Kingdom
Gelaran Baru Earl Wavell
1947–1950
Diikuti oleh:
Archibald Wavell
Viscount Keren
1947–1950
Gelaran Baru Viscount Wavell
1943–1950