Bahasa Barbar

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Berber
ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ, ⵜⵎⵣⵗⵜ, Tamaziɣt
Etnik:Berber (Imaziɣen)
Taburan
geografi:
Afrika Utara, terutamanya Maghribi, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, utara Mali and utara Niger; smaller Berber-speaking populations in Burkina Faso, Egypt, Mauritania and the Spanish city of Melilla.

Berber-speaking Moroccan and Algerian immigrants of about 2 million in: France, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Germany, Italy, Canada and the United States
Klasifikasi bahasa:Afro-asiatic
  • Berber
Bahasa-proto:Proto-Berber
Pembahagian:
ISO 639-2 / 5:ber
Glottolog:berb1260[1]
{{{mapalt}}}
Berber-speaking populations are dominant in the coloured areas of modern-day North Africa. The other areas of North Africa contain minority Berber-speaking populations.

Northern Berber

Kabyle

   Kabyle (Taqbaylit)

Atlas

  Central Atlas Tamazight (Tamaziɣt)
  Shilha (Tacelḥit)

Zenati

  Riffian (Tmaziɣt)
  Other Zenati (Mzab-Wargla, East Zenati)

Western Berber

  bahasa Zenaga (Tuḍḍungiyya)

Eastern Berber

  Bahasa-bahasa Berber Timur (Siwi, Nafusi, Sokna, Ghadamès, Awjila)

Tuareg

  Bahasa-bahasa Tuareg (Tamasheq)

Bahasa Barbar atau Tamazight ialah sekumpulan bahasa yang berkait rapat dalam rumpun bahasa Afro-Asia dituturkan di Afrika Utara; ia diutamakan di Maghribi dan Algeria serta juga sebahagian kawasan Tunisia, Libya, Mesir, Mauritania, Niger, dan Mali.[2]. Jumlah penuturnya mencapai hampir sekitar 13 juta orang.

Bahasa ini secara resmi ditulis dengan menggunakan aksara khas bernama Tifinagh.[3]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, penyunting (2017). "Berber". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Hayward, Richard J., chapter Afroasiatic in Heine, Bernd & Nurse, Derek, editors, African Languages: An Introduction Cambridge 2000. ISBN 0-521-66629-5.
  3. ^ Briggs, L. Cabot (February 1957). "A Review of the Physical Anthropology of the Sahara and Its Prehistoric Implications". Man. 56: 20–23.