Bantuan:IPA for Romanian

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Carta International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) untuk bahasa Romania dalam rencana Wikipedia.

Lihat fonologi Romania untuk bunyian dan abjad Romania untuk kaitan antara ejaan dan sebutan.

Konsonan
IPA Contoh Keserupaan bahasa Inggeris
b ban boy
d dop day
d͡ʒ[1] ger gender
f foc face
ɡ gol, unghie good
h horn hat
k cal, chip, kilogram, quasar skip
l lună love
m mic moon
n nor name
ŋ[2] lung long
p pas span
r rac, mare curd (Scottish English); roughly like water (American English)
s sare sun
ʃ șarpe shape
t tare stop
t͡s[1] țară cats
t͡ʃ[1] cer chello
v val, watt voice
z[3] zid zone
ʒ jar measure
Konsonan marjinal
ɲ Saligny roughly like canyon
Vokal
IPA Contoh Keserupaan bahasa Inggeris
a a roughly like father
e[4] erou roughly like bet
ə ăsta about
i inel, mie beet
ɨ înspre, cârnat/cîrnat roses (for some dialects)
o[4] oraș law (British English)
u uda, dual soon
Marginal vowels
ø[4] bleu, loess roughly like sir
y ecru, fürer roughly like few
ɑ̃ Henri roughly like croissant
 
Semivokal[5]
IPA Contoh Keserupaan bahasa Inggeris
j iarnă, creioane, rai, yacht you or boy
w băcăuan, dulău, tweeter wine or cow
Diphthong[5]
e̯a beată short Templat:IPAblink followed by full Templat:IPAblink
e̯o vreo short Templat:IPAblink followed by full Templat:IPAblink
o̯a foarte, găoace short Templat:IPAblink followed by full Templat:IPAblink
 
Simbol lain
IPA Contoh Penerangan
ˈ dulău [duˈləw] Main stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ˌ extraordinar [ˌekstra.ordiˈnar] Secondary stress
. mie [ˈmi.e] Syllable marker, generally used between vowels in hiatus
ʲ rupi [ˈrupʲ] Palatalization (placed after the palatalized consonant)

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c The affricates are correctly written with tie-bars: Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink. As the tie-bars display incorrectly with some fonts, they are often omitted. However, these affricates contrast with the plosive-fricative sequences [ts], [tʃ] and [dʒ]. Usually the spelling of the Romanian word indicates the pronunciation, with the affricates spelled ț, c, g, with one letter, and the sequences ts, tș, dj, with two, but this is not always the case, especially in personal names.
  2. ^ Not a separate phoneme, but an allophone of /n/ before velars.
  3. ^ [z] is also an allophone of /s/ before voiced consonants.
  4. ^ a b c The Romanian [e], [o] and [ø] are in fact realized as mid vowels: [e̞], [o̞], [ø̞]. In phonetic transcriptions, however, the lowering diacritic is most often omitted for simplicity.
  5. ^ a b The approximants /j/ and /w/ can appear before and after vowels, including the diphthongs /e̯a/ and /o̯a/, in almost any combination.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chițoran, Ioana (2001), The Phonology of Romanian: A Constraint-based Approach, Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3110167662