Bea Arthur

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Bea Arthur
Beatrice Arthur - 1973.jpg
Arthur sebagai Maude pada tahun 1973
Kelahiran Bernice Frankel
(1922-05-13)13 Mei 1922
Brooklyn, New York, A.S
Meninggal dunia 25 April 2009(2009-04-25) (umur 86)
Los Angeles, California, A.S.
Sebab kematian Kanser
Pusat pendidikan Linden Hall School for Girls
Pekerjaan Pelakon, penyanyi
Tahun aktif 1947–2008
Ketinggian 5' 9½" (1.77 m)
Anak 2
Ibu bapa
  • Rebecca Pressner
  • Philip Frankel

Beatrice Arthur (lahir Bernice Frankel; 13 Mei 1922 - 25 APril 2009), juga turut dikenali sebagai Bea Arthur, merupakan pelakon, pelawak, penyanyi dan aktivis hak asasi haiwan di Amerika Syarikat. Arthur mula dikenali apabila memegang watak Maude Findlay menerusi sitkom All in the Family (1971–72) dan Maude (1972–78), dan sebagai Dorothy Zbornak menerusi sitkom The Golden Girls (1985–92). Beliau turut memenangi Anugerah Emmy untuk kedua-dua watak tersebut.

Kehidupan peribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kehidupan awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Beatrice Arthur dilahirkan sebagai Bernice Frankel pada 13 Mei 1922 oleh Rebecca (Templat:Nee Pressner) dan Philip Frankel di Brooklyn, New York.[1][2] Arthur dibesarkan dalam keluarga Yahudi Amerika bersama adik-beradiknya yang lain, Gertrude and Marian Kay. Pada tahun 1933, mereka sekeluarga berpindah ke Cambridge, Maryland dan ibu bapanya membuka kedai pakaian wanita. Beliau telah belajar di Linden Hall School for Girls, sebuah sekolah berasrama penuh perempuan di Lititz, Pennsylvania, sebelum ke Blackstone College for Girls di Blackstone, Virginia, di mana beliau mula aktif dalam program drama sekolah.

Semasa Perang Dunia kedua, beliau telah bekerja sebagai pemandu trak dan jurutaip di United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve.[3][4][5]

Kerjaya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bea Arthur sebagai Maude, sekitar 1973

Dari tahun 1947, Arthur belajar dengan seorang pengarah Jerman, Erwin Piscator. Arthur memulakan kerjayanya sebagai ahli teater Broadway di Cherry Lane Theatre, New York City pada lewat 1940-an.

Kerjanya sebagai pelakon televisyen pula bermula pada tahun 1971 dijemput oleh Norman Lear untuk menjadi pelakon jemputan menerusi sitkom All in the Family, sebagai Maude Findlay, sepupu kepada Edith Bunker. Lakonannya telah mengagumkan banyak pihak termasuk eksekutif CBS yang bersetuju untuk memberikan Arthur siri televisyennya sendiri, Maude.

Arthur turut membintangi The Golden Girls pada tahun 1985 sebagai Dorothy Zbornak, seorang guru sandaran yang telah bercerai dan tinggal di sebuah rumah di Miami yang dimiliki oleh Blanche Devereaux (lakonan Rue McClanahan). Rakan serumahnya termasuklah Rose Nylund (lakonan Betty White) dan ibu Dorothy, Sophia Petrillo (lakonan Estelle Getty). Siri tersebut menjadi terkenal dan merupakan sepuluh siri popular selama enam siri daripada tujuh siri yang disiarkan. Beliau turut tercalon beberapa kali menerusi Anugerah Emmy dan menang pada tahun 1988 menerusi watak Dorothy. Setelah tujuh tahun bersama The Golden Girls, Arthur memutuskan untuk meninggalkan siri popular itu. Pada tahun 1992, siri berkenaan disiarkan di CBS (sebelum ini disiarkan di NBC) dan dikenali sebagai The Golden Palace, di mana tiga pelakon utama masih bersama kecuali Arthur. Arthur hanya muncul sebagai pelakon jemputan dan siri ini hanya bertahan selama satu musim sahaja. [6][7]

Selepas meninggalkan The Golden Girls, beliau membuat beberapa penampilan sebagai pelakon jemputan. Beliau menyumbangkan suara untuk kartun Amerika, Futurama menerusi episod "Amazon Women in the Mood". Beliau turut muncul menerusi Malcolm in the Middle sebagai Mrs. White, salah seorang pengasuh Dewey dan telah tercalon dalam Anugerah Emmy sebagai Pelakon Jemputan Wanita Terbaik di dalam Siri Komedi. Beliau turut muncul sebagai ibu kepada Larry David menerusi Curb Your Enthusiasm.

Perkahwinan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Arthur pernah berkahwin sebanyak dua kali. Perkahwinan pertama adalah ketika beliau dalam tentera dan beliau mengahwini Robert Alan Aurthur,[3] pengarah, penerbit filem dan televisyen serta pelakon layar. Nama keluarga Aurthur telah diguna dan diubah ejaannya sebagai nama pentasnya. Setelah bercerai pada tahun 1950, beliau mengahwini pengarah Gene Saks dan mengambil dua orang anak angkat, Matthew (lahir pada 1961) yang juga seorang pelakon dan Daniel (lahir pada 1964), pereka set. Mereka bercerai pada tahun 1978.[8]

Kematian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bea Arthur telah meninggal dunia di rumahnya pada pagi Sabtu, 25 April 2009 kerana kanser.

Filemografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filem[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Peranan Nota
1959 That Kind of Woman WAC Tidak dikreditkan
1974 Mame Vera Charles
1981 History of the World, Part I Kerani pejabat Dole Tidak dikreditkan
1995 For Better or Worse Beverly Makeshift
2000 Enemies of Laughter Ibu Paul

Televisyen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Filem Peranan Nota
1951–1958 Kraft Television Theatre
1951 Once Upon a Tune
1951–1953, 1955–1958 Studio One
1955 Max Liebman Presents: Kaleidoscope
1954–1956 Caesar's Hour Penghibur tetap
1957 Washington Square 2 episod
The Steve Allen Show
1958 The Seven Lively Arts
Tonight Starring Jack Parr
Omnibus
The Gift of the Magi
1959 The George Gobel Show
1960 The Best of Anything Filem televisyen
1961 The Perry Como Show
1962 The Garry Moore Show
1963 The Sid Caesar Show
1970 Lovers and Other Strangers
1971–1972 All in the Family Maude Findlay 2 episod
1972–1978 Maude 141 episod
1973 The 45th Annual Academy Awards
1974 The 28th Annual Tony Awards
1974–1980 The Mike Douglas Show 6 episod
1974–1985 The Merv Griffin Show 3 episod
1974–1990 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson 8 episod
1975–1980 Dinah 5 episod
1976–1979 Saturday Night Live 2 episod
1976 Cos Diri sendiri
1977 The 31st Annual Tony Awards
The 29th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In
1978 CBS: On the Air
The 30th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
Star Wars Holiday Special
1979 The Mary Tyler Moore Hour
1980 The Beatrice Arthur Special
30 Years of TV Comedy's Greatest Hits: To Laughter with Love
Soap Angel Episod: "Jessica's Wonderful Life"
Bob Hope Special: Bob Hope-Hope, Women and Song
1981 Omnibus
The 35th Annual Tony Awards
The 33rd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
1982 Bob Hope's Women I Love-Beautiful but Funny
Nights of 100 Stars
Broadway Plays Washington on Kennedy Center Tonight
1983 Amanda's Amanda Cartwright 13 episod
The 9th Annual People's Choice Awards
1984 The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast: Joan Collins
The 1st Academy TV Hall of Fame
a.k.a. Pablo Episod: "My Son, the Gringo"
P.O.P. Rosalyn Gordon Filem televisyen
1985–1992 The Golden Girls Dorothy Zbornak 177 episodes
1985 The NBC All Star Hour
The 37th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
The 10th Circus of the Stars
The 40th Annual Tony Awards
1985–2008 Entertainment Tonight Diri sendiri 7 episod
1986 All Star Party for Clint Eastwood
The 38th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
NBC 60th Anniversary Celebration
The 43rd Annual Golden Globe Awards
Walt Disney World's 15th Birthday Celebration
Late Night with David Letterman
The 46th Annual Golden Apple Awards
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts
1987 The 39th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
All Star Party for Joan Collins
Comic Relief '87
All Star Gala at Ford's Theater Pengacara
The 1st Annual American Comedy Awards
The 44th Annual Golden Globe Awards
The 13th Annual People's Choice Awards
This is Your Life
Happy 100th Birthday Hollywood
The 41st Annual Tony Awards
Family Comedy Hour
1988 The 9th Annual American Black Achievement Awards
1988 The 45th Annual Golden Globe Awards
1988 In Performance at the White House; A Salute to Broadway: Showstoppers
1988 Irving Berlin's 100th Birthday Celebration
1988 The 40th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
1988 Mickey's 60th Birthday Diri sendiri
1988 The 13th Circus of the Stars
1988 My First Love Jean Miller Drama televisyen
1989 The 46th Annual Golden Globe Awards
1989 Empty Nest Dorothy Zbornak Episod: "Dumped"
1989 The 3rd Annual American Comedy Awards
1989 Bob Hope's Birthday Spectacular in Paris
1989 The Society of Singers Presents a Tribute to Ella Fitzgerald
1989 The 41st Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
1989 Later with Bob Costas
1989 The Arsenio Hall Show
1989 The 49th Annual Golden Apple Awards
1989 Live with Regis and Kathie Lee
1990 The TV Academy Tribute to Angela Lansbury
1990 The 21st BAFTA Awards
1990 The 4th Annual American Comedy Awards
1990 The Earth Day Special
1990 Aspel & Company
1990 Night of 100 Stars III
1990 The 42nd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
1990 Des O'Connor Tonight
1990 A Conversation with Dinah
1990 Live from the London Palladium: Happy Birthday, Happy New Year!
1991 The 17th Annual People Choice Awards
1991 The 48th Annual Golden Globe Awards
1991 The 5th Annual American Comedy Awards
1991 The 43rd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards
1991 Funny Women of Television
1991 Dame Edna's Hollywood
1992 Evening at Pops
1992 The Howard Stern Show
1992 Guest Night
1992 The 6th Annual American Comedy Awards
1992 The Golden Palace Dorothy Hollingsworth 2 episod
1992 Verstehen Sie Spaß?
1992 The 1992 Pacific Center HIV-AIDS Benefit
1993 The 7th Annual American Comedy Awards
1993 Out There
1993 This Joint is Jumpin'
1993 The 47th Annual Tony Awards
1993 Boulevard Bio
1993 Sean's Show
1994 Jerry Herman's Broadway at the Hollywood Bowl
1994 The 8th Annual American Comedy Awards
1994 Bob Hope's Birthday Memories
1994 She TV
1995 The 9th Annual Genesis Awards
1995 50 Years of Funny Females
1995 This Morning [petikan diperlukan]
1996 The 10th American Comedy Awards
1996 The 50th Annual Tony Awards
1997 Dave's World Mel Bloom 3 episod
1997 The Rosie O'Donnell Show
1998 The RuPaul Show
1998 Ellen Diri sendiri Episod: "Ellen: A Hollywood Tribute: Part 1"
1998 CBS: The first 50 Years
1998 NY TV: By the People Who Made It-Part I & II
1999 The 53rd Annual Tony Awards
1999 Beggars and Choosers Diri sendiri 5 episod
1999 Emily of New Moon Suara Episod: "A Fall from Grace"
1999 The Martin Short Show
2000 So Graham Norton
2000 Malcolm in the Middle Mrs. White Episod: "Water Park"
2000 Intimate Portrait: Rue McClanahan
2000 E! True Hollywood Story: The Golden Girls
2000 E! True Hollywood Story: Good Times
2000 E! True Hollywood Story: All in the Family
2000 The 70s: The Decade That Changed Television
2001 Intimate Portrait: Estelle Getty
2001 Futurama Femputer Episod: "Amazon Women in the Mood"
2001 Today
2002–2007 The View Disi sendiri / tetamu 2 episod
2002 CBS News Sunday Morning
2002 The Rosie O'Donnell Show
2002 Good Morning America
2002 The Daily Show
2002 The Big O! True West Hollywood Story
2002 TV Most Censored Moments
2002 TV Tales: The Golden Girls
2002 Open Mike with Mike Bullard
2002 Because I Said So
2002 Inside TV Land: Taboo TV
2003 Great Women on Television Comedy
2003 Intimate Portrait: Bea Arthur
2003 TV Land Awards: A Celebration of Classic TV
2003 Rove Live
2003 Broadway: The Golden Age by the Legends Who Were There
2003 Through the Keyhole
2003 The Golden Girls: Their Greatest Moments
2003 Today with Des and Mel
2003 Richard & Judy
2003 The Terry and Gaby Show
2004 The 2nd Annual TV Land Awards: A Celebration of Classic TV
2004 Great Performances
2004 The Best of So Graham Norton
2004 Inside TV Land: Primetime Politics
2004 TV's Greatest Sidekicks
2005 Inside TV Land: Tickled Pink
2005 Comedy Central Roast of Pamela Anderson
2005 TV Land Confidential
2005 Curb Your Enthusiasm Ibu Larry Episod: "The End"
2006 Biography: Bea Arthur
2006 The 100 Greatest TV Quotes & Catchphrases Diri sendiri 5 episod
2007 TV Land Confidential Diri sendiri Dokumentari
4 episod
2007 Back to the Grind Diri sendiri Bea Arthur dan Ed Begley Jr.
2007 Entertainment Weekly & TV Land Present: The 50 Greatest TV Icons
2008 The 6th Annual TV Land Awards Herself Winner
2008 Inside Edition Documentari
2014 Broadway: Beyond The Golden Age

Teater[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Peranan Nota
1947 Lysistrata
1947 Gas
1947 The Dog Beneath the Skin
1947 Yerma
1948 No Exit
1948 The Taming of the Shrew Katherina
1948 Six Characters in Search of an Author
1948 The Owl and the Pussycat
1949 Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme
1949 Yes is for a Very Young Man
1949 The Creditors
1949 Heartbreak House
1951 Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
1951 Personal Appearance
1951 Candle Light
1951 Love or Money
1951 The Voice of the Turtle
1951 Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
1953 The New Moon
1954–55 The Threepenny Opera Lucy Brown
1955 What's the Rush?
1955 Shoestring Revue
1955 Plain and Fancy
1955 Seventh Heaven
1956 Mistress of the Inn
1956 Ziegfeld Follies
1956 Shoestring '57
1957 Hamlet
1957 Nature's Way
1958 Ulysses in Nighttown
1959 Chic
1960 The Gay Divorcee at the Cherry Lane
1962 A Matter of Position
1964 Fiddler on the Roof Yenta the Matchmaker
1966 Mame Vera Charles memenangi Anugerah Tony l
1968 A Mother's Kisses
1981 The Floating Lightbulb
1981 Hey, Look Me Over!
1994 Easter Bonnet Competition: A Salute to 100 Years of Broadway
1994 La Fille du Regiment
1995–96 Bermuda Avenue Triangle
November 17, 1996 Angela Lansbury – A Celebration
1997–98 After Play
1998 Jubilee
1999 Thoroughly Modern Millie
2000 Strike Up the Band
2000 The Threepenny Opera Reunion Concert
2000–2006 An Evening with Bea Arthur Westport, Connecticut (July 28–30, 2000)

Santa Fe, New Mexico (September 24, 2002)
Los Angeles, California (January 31 – February 1, 2004)
Saugatuck, Michigan (May 22–23, 2004)
Provincetown, Massachusetts (August 21, 2004)
Columbus, Georgia (October 30, 2004)
Nyack, New York (March 4–6, 2005)
Fort Wayne, Indiana (April 17, 2005)
Mount Pleasant, Michigan (April 19, 2005)
Atlantic City, New Jersey (June 3–4, 2005)
Holmdel, New Jersey (June 7, 2005)
Las Vegas, Nevada (August 27, 2005)
Hampton, Virginia (September 16–17, 2005)
Alexandria, Virginia (September 22, 2005)
Geneva, New York (September 24, 2005)
San Francisco, California (January 7, 2006)
Salem, Oregon (January 21, 2006)
Scottsdale, Arizona (February 24–25, 2006)
University Park, Illinois (March 19, 2006)

2001–2003 And Then There's Bea United States Tour (April 24, 2001 – January 13, 2002)

Melbourne, Australia (October 15–27, 2002)
Sydney, Australia (October 29 – November 10, 2002)
Johannesburg, South Africa (August 12–24, 2003)
Cape Town, South Africa (August 26 – September 7, 2003)

2002 Bea Arthur on Broadway: Just Between Friends New York, New York (January 29, 2002 – April 14, 2002)

Toronto, Canada (November 20 – December 8, 2002)

2003 Bea Arthur at The Savoy in London, England (September 15 – October 18, 2003)
2004 A Celebration of Life in Washington, D.C. (May 26, 2004)
2004 There'll Be Another Spring: A Tribute to Miss Peggy Lee at the Hollywood Bowl, Hollywood, California (July 14, 2004)
2004 Bea Arthur at the El Portal in North Hollywood, California (August 5–8, 2004)
2005 Bea Arthur Back on Broadway (at 95th Street) in New York, New York (November 21, 2005)
2006 Bea Arthur Back at the El Portal in North Hollywood, California (February 16–19, 2006)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Service, Haaretz (April 26, 2009). "'Golden Girls' star Bea Arthur dies aged 86 – Haaretz Daily Newspaper". Haaretz.com. Dicapai pada December 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ Bureau of Vital Records (May 13, 1922). "Certificate and Record of Birth #21106" (.JPG). City of New York, Department of Health. Dicapai pada July 12, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Her Marine Corps records are available for perusal at the National Archives and Records Administration website
  4. ^ Beatrice Arthur interview (March 15, 2001) with Karen Herman, part 1 of 5. Archive of American Television website; accessed June 11, 2014.
  5. ^ "Hoo-rah! Bea Arthur was a truck-driving Marine". Today. December 12, 2010. Dicapai pada July 23, 2015. 
  6. ^ Hayward, Anthony (April 28, 2009). "Bea Arthur: Actress who found fame as the acid-tongued Dorothy in 'The Golden Girls' sitcom". The Independent. Dicapai pada June 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ Ferguson, Lee (April 27, 2009). "And then there's Bea: Remembering Bea Arthur". CBC News. Dicapai pada June 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ Hall, Jane (January 6, 1986). "Sex and the Senior Girls: NBC's Golden Girls Are the Toast of TV with Their Mid-Life Miami Spice". People. Dicapai pada November 15, 2013. 

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