Bos

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Bos
CH cow 2 cropped.jpg
Bos taurus, lembu bela jinak
Pengelasan saintifik
Alam: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Kelas: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Keluarga: Bovidae
Genus: Bos
Linnaeus, 1758
Spesies

B. acutifrons (Aurochs, bos primordial)
B. frontalis (gayal, seladang bela jinak)
B. gaurus (seladang)
B. grunniens (yak bela jinak)
B. mutus (yak liar)
B. indicus (zebu)
B. javanicus (banteng)
B. palaesondaicus (Banteng Pleistosen)
B. planifrons
B. primigenius (aurochs)
B. sauveli (kouprey)
B. taurus (lembu)

Bos (dari bahasa Latin bōs: lembu) merupakan genus bagi lembu bela jinak mahupun liar. Bos boleh terbahagi kepada empat subgenus: Bos, Bibos, Novibos, dan Poephagus, tetapi boleh dipertikaikan. Genus ini mempunyai lima spesies yang masih wujud. Tetapi ini mungkin meningkat jadi tujuh jika varian bela jinak dikira spesies berasingan, dan sembilan jika genus rapat Bison turut disertakan.[1] Kebanyakan baka lembu bela jinak dipercayai berpunca daripada aurochs yang pupus.

Sistematik dan taksonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengelasan saintifik:

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Briggs, H.M. and Briggs, D.M. (1980). Modern Breeds of Livestock. Macmillan Publishing.
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 2003. Opinion 2027 (Case 3010). Usage of 17 specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved. Bull.Zool.Nomencl., 60:81-84.
  • Van Vuure, Cis. 2003. De Oeros – Het spoor terug, Cis van Vuure, Wageningen University and Research Centrum / Ministry of the Flemish Community, Brussels & Wageningen.
  • Zong, G. 1984. A record of Bos primigenius from the Quaternary of the Aba Tibetan Autonomous Region. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, Volume XXII No. 3 pp. 239–245. Translated by Jeremy Dehut, April 1991. Online pdf (62 kB)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Groves, C. P., 1981. Systematic relationships in the Bovini (Artiodactyla, Bovidae). Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, 4:264-278., quoted in Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press: "Bison". (online edition)

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]