Chung Keng Quee

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Kapitan China Chung, Keng Quee (Bahasa Cina: Trad. 鄭景貴, Simp. 郑景贵, Hanyu Pinyin Zhèng jǐngguì, lahir 1827, mati 13 Disember 1901) adalah pengasas bandar moden Taiping di negeri Perak, Malaysia. [1][2][3]

Dia seorang jutawan dermawan dan adalah peneroka dalam bidang perlombongan bijih timah. Semasa hidup, dia dihormati oleh pihak komuniti-komuniti Cina dan Eropah di pertempatan selat pada masa penjajahan British dahulu. Kemandiriannya dalam era kelam-kabut adalah kerana kedudukannya sebagai pemimpin Hai San, satu kongsi gelap Cina dalam Malaya British pada masa Perang Larut (1862-73)[4] satu satunya kedudukan yang dia dikatakan memegang sehingga awal 1884[5] walaupun kemungkinan besar dia terus kekal sebagai ahli penting selepas masa itu.[6]Dia seorang ahli Suruhanjaya untuk Mendamaikan Larut dan duduk sebagai satu daripada enam orang ahli Majlis Penasihat Negeri Perak yang dilantik oleh pihak Kerajaan Selat British.[7]

Rujukan / Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Who's who in Malaysia & Singapore By John Victor Morais Published by Who's Who Publications, 1978; m/s. 26
  2. ^ Southeast Asian Urbanism: The Meaning and Power of Social Space by Evers, Hans-Dieter Evers, Rüdiger Korff, m/s. 49
  3. ^ Founder of Taiping, Compiled by NSTP Research & Information Services, Sunday Mail (The Malay Mail), 27 Jun 2004
  4. ^ The Journals of J. W. W. Birch, First British Resident to Perak, 1874-1875. By James Wheeler Woodford Birch, m/s. 63; A Gallery of Chinese Kapitans by CS Wong
  5. ^ C. A. Schultz S.C.A. Perak and Acting Protector of Chinese, Singapore in his memo of 16 July 1884 C.S.O. Perak 6795/84 on The Powell Report notes that Chung Keng Quee informed him that he had resigned his membership in the Hai San in the beginning of the year
  6. ^ W.A. Pickering's response of 13th August 1884 to C.A. Schultz memo of 16th July shows that Pickering was aware that the secret societies and indeed their headmen were still very much at large.
  7. ^ Papers on Malayan History - Page 100, by Kenneth Gordon Tregonning - 1962, Published 1962, Journal of Southeast Asian History