Clint Eastwood

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Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood J. Edgar Premier, November 2011 (cropped).jpg
Eastwood pada tahun 2011
Datuk Bandar Carmel-by-the-Sea
Dalam jawatan
1986–1988
Didahului olehCharlotte Townsend[1]
Digantikan olehJean Grace[2]
Butiran peribadi
LahirClinton Eastwood Jr.
(1930-05-31) 31 Mei 1930 (umur 89)
San Francisco, California, Amerika Syarikat
Parti politikParti Republikan
Sekutu gabungan
politik lain
Parti Libertarian
Bebas
PasanganMaggie Johnson (k. 1953; c. 1984)
Dina Ruiz (k. 1996; c. 2014)
Rakan kongsi
domestik
Sondra Locke
(c. 1975; sep. 1989)
Frances Fisher
(c. 1990; sep. 1995)
Anak-anak8 [n 1][n 2] including
Pekerjaan
  • Pelakon
  • pengarah dan penerbit filem
  • komposer lagu
  • peniaga
  • ahli politik
Kerjaya ketenteraan
Kesetiaan United States of America
PerkhidmatanTemplat:Country data United States Army
UnitFort Ord

Clinton Eastwood Jr. (lahir 31 Mei 1930) ialah seorang pelakon dan pembikin filem, pemuzik dan ahli politik dari Amerika Syarikat.

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Awal hidup[sunting | sunting sumber]

Eastwood lahir pada 31 Mei 1930 di San Francisco, California, kepada Clinton Eastwood (1906–1970) dan Ruth (Runner) Wood (1909–2006); keluarganya berasal daripada generasi imigran Plymouth yang tiba di Amerika Utara melalui kapal Mayflower.[18][19][20]

Keluarganya sering berpindah randah mengikut pekerjaan ayahnya yang sering berubah-ubah di pantai timur Amerika Syarikatt pada tahun 1930-ant.[21][22] Mereka akhirnya bermukim di sebuah kawasan serba mewah dalam bandar Piedmont, California.[23]

Beliau mengambil banyak pekerjaan setelah tamat persekolahannya termasuk sebagai pengawal pantai, kerani runcitm penghantar surat khabar dan sebagainya.[24] Beliau cuba mendaftar masuk Seattle University pada tahun 1951,[25] namun Perang Korea yang meletus menyebabkan beliau dikerahkan dalam Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat sebagai seorang askar.[26]

Kerjaya perfileman[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kerjaya politik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Beliau dilantik sebagai datuk bandar Carmel-by-the-Sea di California pada tahun April 1986. Pada tahun 2001, beliau dilantik gabenor negeri tersebut Gray Davis memasuki Suruhanjaya Taman dan Rekreasi Negeri (California State Park and Recreation Commission).[27]

Pada tahun 2012, beliau menyokong Mitt Romney dalam Pilihan raya Presiden Amerika Syarikat 2012, malah turut menjadi tetamu jemputan Persidangan Kebangsaan Parti Republikan menyampaikan suatu ucapan mengkritik dasar-dasar pemerintah diajukan Presiden Barack Obama.[28]

Filemografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filem[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebagai pembikin
Tahun Filem Sebagai
Pengarah filem Penerbit filem
1971 Play Misty for Me Ya Tidak
1973 High Plains Drifter Ya Tidak
Breezy Ya Tidak
1975 The Eiger Sanction Ya Tidak
1976 The Outlaw Josey Wales Ya Tidak
1977 The Gauntlet Ya Tidak
1978 Every Which Way but Loose Tidak Ya
1980 Bronco Billy Ya Ya
Any Which Way You Can Ya Tidak
1982 Firefox Ya Ya
Honkytonk Man Ya Ya
1983 Sudden Impact Ya Ya
1984 Tightrope Tidak Ya
1985 Pale Rider Ya Ya
1986 Heartbreak Ridge Ya Ya
1988 Bird Ya Ya
Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser Tidak Ya
1990 White Hunter Black Heart Ya Ya
The Rookie Ya Tidak
1992 Unforgiven Ya Ya
1993 A Perfect World Ya Tidak
1995 The Bridges of Madison County Ya Ya
The Stars Fell on Henrietta Tidak Ya
1997 Absolute Power Ya Ya
Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil Ya Ya
1999 True Crime Ya Ya
2000 Space Cowboys Ya Ya
2002 Blood Work Ya Ya
2003 Mystic River Ya Ya
2004 Million Dollar Baby Ya Ya
2006 Flags of Our Fathers Ya Ya
Letters from Iwo Jima Ya Ya
2008 Changeling Ya Ya
Gran Torino Ya Ya
2009 Invictus Ya Ya
2010 Hereafter Ya Ya
2011 J. Edgar Ya Ya
2012 Trouble with the Curve Tidak Ya
2014 Jersey Boys Ya Ya
American Sniper Ya Ya
2016 Sully Ya Ya
2017 Indian Horse Tidak Ya
2018 The 15:17 to Paris Ya Ya
The Mule Ya Ya
TBA Richard Jewell Ya Ya
Sebagai pelakon
Tahun Filem Watak Catatan
1955 Revenge of the Creature Lab Technician Jennings Tidak dicatat
Francis in the Navy Jonesy
Lady Godiva of Coventry First Saxon Tidak dicatat
Tarantula Jet Squadron Leader
1956 Never Say Goodbye Will
Star in the Dust Tom
Away All Boats Marine Medic
The First Traveling Saleslady Lt. Jack Rice
1957 Escapade in Japan Dumbo Pilot Tidak dicatat
1958 Lafayette Escadrille George Moseley
Ambush at Cimarron Pass Keith Williams
1964 A Fistful of Dollars Joe
1965 For a Few Dollars More Manco
1966 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Blondie
1967 The Witches Carlone/Charlie
1968 Hang 'Em High Jed Cooper
Coogan's Bluff Walt Coogan
Where Eagles Dare Lt. Schaffer
1969 Paint Your Wagon Pardner
1970 Two Mules for Sister Sara Hogan
Kelly's Heroes Pvt. Kelly
1971 The Beguiled John McBurney
Dirty Harry Harry Callahan
Play Misty for Me David Garver
1972 Joe Kidd Joe Kidd
1973 High Plains Drifter The Stranger
Breezy Man in Crowd on Pier Kameo tidak dicatat
Magnum Force Harry Callahan
1974 Thunderbolt and Lightfoot John 'Thunderbolt' Doherty
1975 The Eiger Sanction Jonathan Hemlock
1976 The Outlaw Josey Wales Josey Wales
The Enforcer Harry Callahan
1977 The Gauntlet Ben Shockley
1978 Every Which Way but Loose Philo Beddoe
1979 Escape from Alcatraz Frank Morris
1980 Bronco Billy Bronco Billy McCoy
Any Which Way You Can Philo Beddoe
1982 Firefox Mitchell Gant
Honkytonk Man Red Stovall
1983 Sudden Impact Harry Callahan
1984 Tightrope Wes Block
City Heat Lt. Speer
1985 Pale Rider Preacher
1986 Heartbreak Ridge Gunnery Sgt. Thomas 'Gunny' Highway
1988 The Dead Pool Harry Callahan
1989 Pink Cadillac Tommy Nowak
1990 White Hunter Black Heart John Wilson
The Rookie Nick Pulovski
1992 Unforgiven William 'Will' Munny
1993 In the Line of Fire Secret Service Agent Frank Horrigan
A Perfect World Texas Ranger Red Garnett
1995 The Bridges of Madison County Robert Kincaid
Casper Himself Kameo tidak dicatat
1997 Absolute Power Luther Whitney
1999 True Crime Steve Everett
2000 Space Cowboys Frank Corvin
2002 Blood Work Terry McCaleb
2004 Million Dollar Baby Frankie Dunn
2008 Gran Torino Walt Kowalski
2011 Kurosawa's Way Diri sendiri[29]
2012 Trouble with the Curve Gus Lobel
2014 American Sniper Church Goer Kameo tidak dicatat
2017 Sad Hill Unearthed[30]
2018 The Mule Earl Stone

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ It is not clear how many children Eastwood has fathered. When Steve Kroft asked him "How many do you have?" in a November 16, 1997 segment on 60 Minutes, he said, without further elaboration, "I have a few."[3] In a January 14, 2009 interview on Late Show with David Letterman, David Letterman said to Eastwood, "You have uh–is it seven children?" to which he replied "Uh, at least."[4][5] Furthermore, Eastwood's daughter Alison stated in an August 7, 2011 article in The Sunday Times, "My dad has eight children by six women."[6] However, until December 2018 (when 8 children were photographed together) only seven children by five women were accounted for.[7]
  2. ^ There have been wide discrepancies in the media as to how many children Eastwood has:
    • May 1989 articles from the Los Angeles Times[8] and People magazine,[9] both error-ridden (e.g., Locke's age) cite Eastwood as having only two children.
    • A March 1999 People article[10] mentions in passing that Eastwood has five children.
    • Only four children are acknowledged in Eastwood's October 2003 episode of Biography. Lack of mention of Eastwood's daughter by Roxanne Tunis and his two children by Jacelyn Reeves was noted in a review by The Dallas Morning News.[11]
    • The October 2012 issue of Esquire[12] says Eastwood "is father to seven children by five different women."
    • In French documentary L'album secret de Clint Eastwood (2012), biographer Patrick McGilligan says on camera, "We don't know how many children Clint has had with how many women" and proceeds to list seven of Eastwood's offspring before adding, "I heard of other possibilities. One was while he was still in high school."[13]
    • An October 2013 CNN news report[14] succinctly states "He's had eight children total by six women."
    • Although a story posted on People's website in September 2013 says Eastwood has eight children,[15] the magazine gave a count of seven in its April 20, 2015 issue.[16] A June 2016 Los Angeles Times article counts eight children.[17]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Leyde, Tom (September 10, 2017). "Monday profile: Charlotte Townsend, the mayor who lost to Clint Eastwood". Monterey Herald. Dicapai August 18, 2018. 
  2. ^ Templat:Cite newspaper
  3. ^ Rebecca Leung (January 27, 2004). "Clint Eastwood: Improving with Age". CBS News.
  4. ^ Stated on Late Show with David Letterman, January 14, 2009
  5. ^ Video di YouTube
  6. ^ "What it feels like... to be Clint Eastwood's daughter". The Sunday Times. August 7, 2011
  7. ^ "Clint Eastwood Fast Facts". CNN. May 27, 2013. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada April 26, 2016. 
  8. ^ "In the Matter of Locke vs. Eastwood". Articles.latimes.com. May 8, 1989. m/s. 2. Dicapai June 22, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Suing Clint Eastwood, Sondra Locke Strikes with Magnum Force". People. May 15, 1989. Dicapai June 22, 2017. 
  10. ^ Tom Gliatto (March 8, 1999). "Learning Experience". People. Dicapai June 22, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Behind the Scenes with Clint". Dallas Morning News. October 4, 2003.
  12. ^ Junod, Tom (September 19, 2012). "Clint Eastwood Interview - Tom Junod Clint Eastwood Profile". Esquire. Dicapai June 22, 2017. 
  13. ^ Stated in L'album secret de Clint Eastwood (2012).
  14. ^ Duke, Alan (October 25, 2013). "Clint Eastwood's wife files for divorce". CNN.com. Dicapai June 22, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Clint Eastwood's Daughter, Alison, Speaks Out About Her Father's Split". People. September 6, 2013. Dicapai June 22, 2017. 
  16. ^ Jennifer Garcia (20 April 2015). "Scott Eastwood Sexiest Son Alive!". People. Dicapai 22 Jun 2017. 
  17. ^ "For father-daughter duo Clint and Alison Eastwood, directing is a family business". Los Angeles Times. 16 Jun 2016. Dicapai Jun 22 2017.  Check date values in: |access-date= (bantuan)
  18. ^ "Famous Descendants". MayflowerHistory.com. Dicapai November 13, 2015. 
  19. ^ Schickel, p. 27
  20. ^ Zmijewsky, p. 12
  21. ^ Eliot, p. 15
  22. ^ Leung, Rebecca (February 6, 2005). "Two Sides of Clint Eastwood: Lesley Stahl Talks To Oscar-Nominated Actor And Director". CBS Evening News. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada July 25, 2013. Dicapai August 10, 2008. 
  23. ^ Locke, Sondra (1997). The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly – A Hollywood Journey. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0-688-15462-2. 
  24. ^ Eliot, p. 17
  25. ^ Eastwood, Clint. "Eastwood: In His Own Words". ClinteastWood.net. Dicapai July 8, 2014. 
  26. ^ Eliot, pp. 18–19
  27. ^ "Governor Schwarzenegger Appointments to the State Park and Recreation Commission" Diarkibkan January 4, 2009, di Wayback Machine. – California State Park and Recreation Commission. Retrieved: May 28, 2008.
  28. ^ Andrews, Travis M. (4 Ogos 2016). "Clint Eastwood explains – and regrets – his speech to an empty chair". The Washington Post. Dicapai 14 Mei 2019. 
  29. ^ Simon, Alissa (May 13, 2011). "Kurosawa's Way". Variety. Dicapai January 18, 2013. 
  30. ^ Rodríguez Pontevedra, Silvia (19 October 2018). "Cuando el Ejército de Franco construyó el cementerio de 'El bueno, el feo y el malo'". El País (dalam bahasa Sepanyol). Santaigo de Compostela: Prisa. Dicapai 2 March 2019. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cornell, Drucilla (2009). Clint Eastwood and Issues of American Masculinity. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-3013-6. 
  • Engel, Leonard (2007). Clint Eastwood, Actor and Director: New Perspectives. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. ISBN 0-87480-900-2. 
  • Gabbard, Glen O. (2001). Psychoanalysis and Film. International Journal of Psychoanalysis Key Papers Series. London; New York: Karnac Books. ISBN 1-85575-275-1. 
  • Johnstone, Iain (2007). The Man with No Name: The Biography of Clint Eastwood. London: Plexus. ISBN 0-85965-026-X. 
  • Thompson, Douglas (2005). Clint Eastwood: Billion Dollar Man. London: John Blake. ISBN 978-1-85782-572-5. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]