Clostridium

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Clostridium
Clostridium difficile 01.jpg
Mikrograf SE bagi koloni-koloni Clostridium difficile daripada sampel tinja
Pengelasan saintifik
Domain: Bacteria
Filum: Firmicutes
Kelas: Clostridia
Order: Clostridiales
Keluarga: Clostridiaceae
Genus: Clostridium
Prazmowski 1880
Spesies terpilih

C. absonum
C. aceticum
C. acetireducens
C. acetobutylicum
C. acidisoli
C. aciditolerans
C. acidurici
C. aerotolerans
C. aestuarii
C. akagii
C. aldenense
C. aldrichii
C. algidicarnis
C. algidixylanolyticum
C. algifaecis
C. algoriphilum
C. alkalicellulosi
C. aminophilum
C. aminovalericum
C. amygdalinum
C. amylolyticum
C. arbusti
C. arcticum
C. argentinense
C. asparagiforme
C. aurantibutyricum
C. baratii
C. barkeri
C. bartlettii
C. beijerinckii
C. bifermentans
C. bolteae
C. bornimense
C. botulinum
C. bowmanii
C. bryantii
C. butyricum
C. cadaveris
C. caenicola
C. caminithermale
C. carboxidivorans
C. carnis
C. cavendishii
C. celatum
C. celerecrescens
C. cellobioparum
C. cellulofermentans
C. cellulolyticum
C. cellulosi
C. cellulovorans
C. chartatabidum
C. chauvoei
C. chromiireducens
C. citroniae
C. clariflavum
C. clostridioforme
C. coccoides
C. cochlearium
C. cocleatum
C. colicanis
C. colinum
C. collagenovorans
C. cylindrosporum
C. difficile
C. diolis
C. disporicum
C. drakei
C. durum
C. estertheticum

  • C. e. subsp. estertheticum
  • C. e. subsp. laramiense

C. fallax
C. felsineum
C. fervidum
C. fimetarium
C. formicaceticum
C. frigidicarnis
C. frigoris
C. ganghwense
C. gasigenes
C. ghonii
C. glycolicum
C. glycyrrhizinilyticum
C. grantii
C. haemolyticum
C. halophilum
C. hastiforme
C. hathewayi
C. herbivorans
C. hiranonis
C. histolyticum
C. homopropionicum
C. huakuii
C. hungatei
C. hydrogeniformans
C. hydroxybenzoicum
C. hylemonae
C. jejuense
C. indolis
C. innocuum
C. intestinale
C. irregulare
C. isatidis
C. josui
C. kluyveri
C. lactatifermentans
C. lacusfryxellense
C. laramiense
C. lavalense
C. lentocellum
C. lentoputrescens
C. leptum
C. limosum
C. litorale
C. lituseburense
C. ljungdahlii
C. lortetii
C. lundense
C. magnum
C. malenominatum
C. mangenotii
C. mayombei
C. methoxybenzovorans
C. methylpentosum
C. neopropionicum
C. nexile
C. nitrophenolicum
C. novyi
C. oceanicum
C. orbiscindens
C. oroticum
C. oxalicum
C. papyrosolvens
C. paradoxum
C. paraperfringens(Alias: C. welchii)
C. paraputrificum
C. pascui
C. pasteurianum
C. peptidivorans
C. perenne
C. perfringens
C. pfennigii
C. phytofermentans
C. piliforme
C. polysaccharolyticum
C. populeti
C. propionicum
C. proteoclasticum
C. proteolyticum
C. psychrophilum
C. puniceum
C. purinilyticum
C. putrefaciens
C. putrificum
C. quercicolum
C. quinii
C. ramosum
C. rectum
C. roseum
C. saccharobutylicum
C. saccharogumia
C. saccharolyticum
C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum
C. sardiniense
C. sartagoforme
C. scatologenes
C. schirmacherense
C. scindens
C. septicum
C. sordellii
C. sphenoides
C. spiroforme
C. sporogenes
C. sporosphaeroides
C. stercorarium

  • C. s. subsp. leptospartum
  • C. s. subsp. stercorarium
  • C. s. subsp. thermolacticum

C. sticklandii
C. straminisolvens
C. subterminale
C. sufflavum
C. sulfidigenes
C. symbiosum
C. tagluense
C. tepidiprofundi
C. termitidis
C. tertium
C. tetani
C. tetanomorphum
C. thermaceticum
C. thermautotrophicum
C. thermoalcaliphilum
C. thermobutyricum
C. thermocellum
C. thermocopriae
C. thermohydrosulfuricum
C. thermolacticum
C. thermopalmarium
C. thermopapyrolyticum
C. thermosaccharolyticum
C. thermosuccinogenes
C. thermosulfurigenes
C. thiosulfatireducens
C. tyrobutyricum
C. uliginosum
C. ultunense
C. villosum
C. vincentii
C. viride
C. xylanolyticum
C. xylanovorans

Clostridium ialah satu genus bakterium gram-positif yang tergolong dalam Firmicutes. Ia merupakan anaerob obligat yang mampu menghasilkan endospora.[1][2] Sel-sel individu berbentuk basilus, yang memberinya nama-namanya, daripada kloster (κλωστήρ) atau gelendong dalam bahasa Yunani. Ciri-ciri ini secara tradisionalnya mentakrifkan genus ini; tetapi banyak spesies yang pada asalnya dikelaskan sebagai Clostridium telah dikelaskan semula dalam genus-genus lain.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ryan KJ, Ray CG (penyunting) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (edisi ke-4). McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9. 
  2. ^ Bruggemann H, Gottschalk G (editors). (2009). Clostridia: Molecular Biology in the Post-genomic Era. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-38-7. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Pengelasan bakterium Templat:Penyakit bakterium gram-positif