Divisyen 1 Panzer SS Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler

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Divisyen Pertama Panzer SS Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler
1. SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler.svg
Lambang unit
Aktif9 November 1923 – 8 Mei 1945
Negara Jerman Nazi
KesetiaanAdolf Hitler
CawanganFlag Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen-SS
JenisPanzer
PerananPeperangan berperisai
SaizDivisyen
PenaungAdolf Hitler
Moto
  • Meine Ehre heißt Treue
  • ("Maruahku ialah Kesetiaan")
Pertempuran Perang Dunia II:
Komander
Komander
terkenal

Divisyen Pertama Panzer SS Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (disingkatkan 1. SS-Pz.Div. LSSAH) bermula sebagai pengawal peribadi Adolf Hitler, bertanggungjawab melindungi nyawa Führer, pejabat dan kediamannya. Bermula dengan saiz sebuah rejimen (briged), LSSAH akhirnya berkembang menjadi sebuah unit elit bersaiz divisyen. Istilah Leibstandarte berasal daripada Leibgarde – penterjemahan kuno Jerman "Garde du Corps" atau pengawal peribadi seorang pemimpin tentera ("Leib" = bermaksud "badan, tubuh") – dan Standarte: Istilah Schutzstaffel (SS) atau Sturmabteilung (SA) bagi unit bersaiz rejimen.

LSSAH secara bebas terlibat dalam pertempuran semasa Penjajahan Poland, dan telah disatukan dalam Waffen-SS berserta dengan SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT) dan unit-unit kombat SS-Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV) sebelum operasi Barbarossa pada tahun 1941. Pada penghujung Perang Dunia II saiznya bertambah daripada rejimen kepada sebuah Divisyen panzer.

Lambang divisyen Leibstandarte ialah anak kunci, sebagai menghormati komander pertamanya, Josef "Sepp" Dietrich (Dietrich dalam bahasa Jerman bermaksud anak kunci atau pengumpil mangga); ia telah dikekalkan dan diubah suai kemudian untuk menjadi simbol bagi Kor I Panzer SS. Divisyen elit yang merupakan komponen Waffen-SS ini, telah didapati bersalah kerana jenayah perang di Perbicaraan Nuremberg. Anggota-anggota LSSAH telah terlibat dengan pelbagai kekejaman. Mereka telah membunuh sekurang-kurangnya 5,000 orang tawanan perang sepanjang tahun 1940–1945, kebanyakkannya di Barisan Timur.[1]

Asal usul unit[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Stabswache (SA controlled) – 1923
  • Stoßtrupp Adolf Hitler (SA controlled) – 1923
  • Stabswache (not under SA control) – March 1933
  • SS-Stabswache Berlin – 1933
  • SS-Sonderkommando Zossen – 1933
  • SS-Sonderkommando Jüterbog – 1933
  • SS-Sonderkommando Berlin – September 1933
  • Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler – November 1933
  • Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler – April 1934
  • Infanterie-Regiment (mot.) Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler – 1939
  • SS-Division (mot.) Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler – 1941
  • SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler – 1943
  • 1. SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler – 1943[2]

Anggota-anggota ternama[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Petikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Margolian 2000, m/s. 14.
  2. ^ Tiemann 1998, m/s. 5.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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