Edmond Halley

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Lompat ke: pandu arah, cari
Edmond Halley
Edmond Halley 072.jpg
Potret oleh Richard Phillips, sebelum 1722
Lahir 8 November 1656
Haggerston, Middlesex, England
Meninggal dunia 14 January 1741 (umur 85)
Greenwich, Kent, England
Perkuburan St. Margaret's, Lee, South London
Warganegara Inggeris
Bidang Astronomi, geofizik, matematik, meteorologi, fizik, kartografi
Institusi Universiti Oxford
Royal Observatory, Greenwich
Pusat pendidikan The Queen's College, Oxford
Pasangan Mary Tooke
Anak Edmond Halley (d. 1741)
Margaret (d. 1713)
Richelle (d. 1748)

Edmond (atau Edmund[1]) Halley, FRS (disebut /ˈɛdmənd ˈhæli/;[2][3] 8 November 1656 – 14 Januari 1741) ialah seorang ahli astronomi, ahli geofizik, ahli matematik, ahli meteorologi, dan ahli fizik Inggeris yang terkenal kerana mengira orbit komet Halley. Beliau merupakan Ahli Astronomi Diraja kedua di Britain, menggantikan John Flamsteed.

Kehidupan peribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Halley berkahwin dengan Mary Tooke pada 1682 dan menetap di Islington. Pasangan ini mempunyai tiga anak.[4]

Dinamakan sempena Edmond Halley[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peta laluan Halley pada gerhana matahari pada 3 Mei 1715 di seluruh England
  • Komet Halley (tempoh orbit (kira-kira) 75 tahun)
  • Halley (lunar crater)
  • Halley (Martian crater)
  • Halley Research Station, Antarctica
  • Halley's method, for the numerical solution of equations
  • Halley Street, in Blackburn, Victoria, Australia
  • Edmund Halley Road, Oxford Science Park, Oxford, OX4 4DQ UK
  • Edmund Halley Drive, Reston, Virginia, USA
  • Halley Ward, surgical ward at Homerton Hospital East London
  • Halley's Mount, Saint Helena (680m high)
  • Halley Drive, Hackensack, NJ. Intersects with Comet Way on the campus of Hackensack High School, The home of The Comets
  • Rue Edmund Halley, Avignon, France
  • The Edmund Halley, A JD Wetherspoon pub in Lee Green London
  • Sir Edmond Halley's Restaurant & Freehouse, a pub in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Halley House School, Hackney London (2015)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Hughes, David W.; Green, Daniel W. E. (January 2007). "Halley's First Name: Edmond or Edmund" (PDF). International Comet Quarterly. Universiti Harvard: 14. Might we suggest... simply recogniz[ing] both forms, noting that—in the days when Halley lived—there was no rigid 'correct' spelling], and that this particular astronomer seemed to prefer the 'u' over the 'o' in his published works. 
  2. ^ Jones, Daniel; Gimson, Alfred C. (1977) [1917]. Everyman's English Pronunciation Dictionary. Everyman's Reference Library (edisi 14). London: J. M. Dent & Sons. ISBN 0-460-03029-9. 
  3. ^ Kenyon, John S.; Knott, Thomas A. (1953). A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Inc. ISBN 0-87779-047-7. 
  4. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004). "Edmond Halley". Westminster Abbey. Dicapai pada 3 May 2015. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Armitage, Angus (1966). Edmond Halley. London: Nelson. 
  • Coley, Noel (1986). "Halley and Post-Restoration Science". History Today. 36 (September): 10–16. 
  • Cook, Alan H. (1998). Edmond Halley: Charting the Heavens and the Seas. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 
  • Ronan, Colin A. (1969). Edmond Halley, Genius in Eclipse. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company. 
  • Seyour, Ian (1996). "Edmond Halley – explorer". History Today. 46 (June): 39–44. 
  • Sarah Irving (2008). "Natural science and the origins of the British empire (London,1704), 92–93". A collection of voyages and travels. 3 (June): 92–93. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wikisource