Emydura victoriae

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Emydura victoriae
Emydura australis lateral.gif
Pengelasan saintifik e
Alam: Haiwan
Filum: Kordata
Kelas: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Keluarga: Chelidae
Genus: Emydura
Spesies: E. victoriae
Nama binomial
Emydura victoriae
(Gray, 1842)[1]
Sinonim[2][3][4]

See text

Emydura victoriae (Gray, 1842), juga dikenali sebagai Kura-kura Muka Merah ialah spesies kura-kura bersaiz sederhana dari keluarga Chelidae. Spesies ini mendiami sungai, tasik sepanjang utara Australia.

Etimologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama spesies, victoriae, merujuk kepada Sungai Victoria (Wilayah Utara) di Australia.[5]

Taksonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bahagian hadapan holotip Emydura australis, Muzium Sejarah Semulajadi

Spesies ini mempunyai sejarah tatanama yang rumit. Selama bertahun-tahun ia dikenali sebagai Emydura australis (Gray 1841: 445)[6], bagaimanapun pada tahun 1983 namanya telah disinonimkan dengan Emydura macquarii, menurut Iverson et al. 2001.[7] Kini, spesies ini dikenali sebagai Emydura victoriae walaupun terdapat isu tatanama[7] dan kemungkinan wujud semakan semula.

Sinonim[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Hydraspis australis Gray 1841: 445 (nomen dubium)
  • Hydraspis victoriae Gray 1842: 55
  • Chelymys australis — Gray 1871: 336
  • Chelymys victoriae — Gray 1872: 21
  • Emydura australis — Boulenger 1889: ix[8]
  • Emydura victoriae — Worrell 1964: 17
  • Tropicochelymys victoriae — Wells & Wellington, 1985: 9
  • Emydura victoria Cann, 1997: 28 (ex errore)

Nota bene: Sinonim tanpa sengkang adalah taksa baru; sinonim dengan sengkang adalah kombinasi baru.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Gray, J.E. (1842). "Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians". pp 51-57. In: Gray, J.E. Zoological Miscellaney. London: Treuttel, Wurtz and Co.
  2. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 334. ISSN 1864-5755. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 2010-12-17. Dicapai 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Turtle Taxonomy Working Group, van Dijk PP, Iverson JB, Rhodin AGJ, Shaffer HB, Bour R (2014). "Turtles of the world, 7th edition: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution with maps, and conservation status" (PDF). Chelonian Research Monographs. 5 (7): 329–479. doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014. 
  4. ^ Georges A, Thomson S (2010). "Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2496: 1–37. 
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Emydura victoriae, p. 275).
  6. ^ Gray, John Edward (1841). "A catalogue of the species of reptiles and amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia, and some remarks on their geographical distribution". In: Grey, G. Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest and Western Australia. London: T. and W. Boone, Vol. 2. Appendix E, pp. 422–449.
  7. ^ a b Iverson, John B., Arthur Georges and Scott Thomson (2001). "The validity of the taxonomic changes for turtles proposed by Wells and Wellington". Journal of Herpetology 35: 361-368. download
  8. ^ Boulenger, George A. (1889). Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). 311 pp.