Falsafah sejarah

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Falsafah sejarah ialah kajian falsafah sejarah dan masa lalu. Istilah ini dicipta oleh Voltaire.[1]

Jenis[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dalam falsafah kontemporari, perbezaan antara falsafah kritikal sejarah (juga dikenali sebagai analitik) dan falsafah spekulatif sejarah. Nama-nama jenis ini diperolehi daripada perbezaan CD Broad di antara falsafah kritikal dan falsafah spekulatif.[2][3]

Bekas kajian masa lalu sendiri sedangkan yang terakhir adalah sama dengan apa falsafah sains adalah untuk alam semula jadi.[4][5]

Walaupun terdapat beberapa pertindihan antara kedua-dua aspek, mereka biasanya boleh dibezakan; ahli sejarah profesional moden cenderung bersikap ragu-ragu terhadap falsafah spekulasi sejarah.

Kadang-kadang falsafah sejarah yang kritikal termasuk di bawah historiografi. Falsafah sejarah tidak boleh dikelirukan dengan sejarah falsafah, yang merupakan kajian perkembangan idea-idea falsafah dalam konteks sejarah mereka.[6]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Voltaire, La philosophie de l'histoire, Changuion, 1765.
  2. ^ E.g. W. H. Walsh, Introduction to the Philosophy of History (1951) ch. 1 p. 2.
  3. ^ Rolf Gruner, "The concept of speculative philosophy of history," Metaphilosophy 3(4).
  4. ^ The Continuing Relevance of Speculative Philosophy of History, Journal of the Philosophy of History
  5. ^ Philosophy of History, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  6. ^ "What is Intellectual History?". historytoday.com. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Mandelbaum, Maurice, The Anatomy of Historical Knowledge (Johns Hopkins, 1977)
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  • Ricoeur, Paul. Time and Narrative, Volume 1 and 2, University Of Chicago Press, 1990.
  • Ricoeur, Paul. History and Truth. Translated by Kathleen McLaughlin and David Pellauer. Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 1983.
  • Jameson, Frederic. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981.
  • Muller, Herbert J. The Uses of the Past, New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 1952.
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  • White, Hayden V. Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973).
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  • Gisi, Lucas Marco: Einbildungskraft und Mythologie. Die Verschränkung von Anthropologie und Geschichte im 18. Jahrhundert, Berlin, New York: de Gruyter, 2007.

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