Festival Woodstock

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Keadaan acara pada Sabtu 16 Ogos 1959

Festival Woodstock [wud-stok] merupakan suatu festival muzik yang diadakan dari 15 hingga 18 Ogos 1969 di sebuah ladang tenusu 600 hektar milik Max Yasgur di Bethel, New York,[1] Amerika Syarikat- ia dinamakan sempena bandar bernama sama yang terletak sejauh 43 batu (70 km) barat laut dari lokasi acara ini. Tempat ini menjadi tumpuan utama sebanyak 32 artis dan kugiran yang membuat persembahan di sana di hadapan lebih daripada 400,000 orang penonton[2][3][4] dalam keadaan cuaca hujan yang muncul sesekalipun.[5]

Acara ini dianggap titik penting bukan sahaja dalam sejarah muzik popular, malah juga tercetusnya suatu perubahan budaya lebih besar yang dialami ramai penduduk pada ketika ini.[6][7]

Latar belakang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jadual persembahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebanyak 32 tetamu undangan membuat persembahan selama tempoh empat hari:[8]

Jumaat, 15 Ogos – Sabtu, 16 Ogos
Artis Waktu Catatan
Richie Havens 5:07 ptg – 7:00 mlm Bertukar tempat dengan Sweetwater setelah Sweetwater disekat pemeriksaan polis sambil artis-artis lain kesesakan lalu lintas.
Swami Satchidananda 7:10 mlm – 7:20 mlm Memberi ucapan dan bacaan puja untuk festival ini.[9]
Sweetwater 7:30 mlm – 8:10 mlm
Bert Sommer 8:20 mlm – 9:15 mlm Tepukan gemuruh pertama acara ini berlangsung setelah persembahan saduran lagu "America" karya Simon and Garfunkel.
Tim Hardin 9:20 mlm – 9:45 mlm
Ravi Shankar 10:00 mlm – 10:35 mlm Played through the rain.
Melanie 10:50 mlm – 11:20 mlm Sent onstage for an unscheduled performance after the Incredible String Band declined to perform during the rainstorm.
Arlo Guthrie 11:55 mlm – 12:25 tgh mlm
Joan Baez 12:55 tgh mlm – 2:00 pagi
Sabtu, 16 Ogos – Ahad, 17 Ogos
Artis Waktu Catatan
Quill 12:15 tgh hari – 12:45 tgh hari
Country Joe McDonald 1:00 ptg – 1:30 ptg Brought in for an unscheduled emergency solo performance when Santana were not yet ready to take the stage. Joe performed again with The Fish the following day.
Santana 2:00 ptg – 2:45 ptg Michael Shrieve, pemain dram kugiran ini, merupakan peserta tamu paling muda[10] pada usia 20 tahun.[11]
John Sebastian 3:30 ptg – 3:55 ptg Sebastian was not on the bill, but rather was attending the festival, and was recruited to perform while the promoters waited for many of the scheduled performers to arrive.
Keef Hartley Band 4:45 ptg – 5:30 ptg
The Incredible String Band 6:00 ptg – 6:30 ptg Asalnya dirancang melakukan persembahan setelah Ravi Shankar, namun ditunda atas hasrat tidak mahu bermain semasa hujan lebat
Canned Heat 7:30 mlm – 8:30 mlm
Mountain 9:00 mlm – 10:00 mlm This performance was only their third gig as a band[12]
Grateful Dead 10:30 mlm – 12:05 tgh mlm Persembahan terhenti cepat setelah amplifier rosak akibat litar pintas semasa lagu "Turn On Your Love Light".
Creedence Clearwater Revival 12:30 tgh mlm – 1:20 pagi
Janis Joplin bersama Kozmic Blues Band[13] 2:00 pagi – 3:00 pagi
Sly and the Family Stone 3:30 pagi – 4:20 pagi
The Who 5:00 pagi – 6:05 pagi Briefly interrupted by Abbie Hoffman.[14]
Jefferson Airplane 8:00 pagi – 9:40 pagi Bersama Nicky Hopkins yang memainkan piano.
Ahad, 17 Ogos – Isnin, 18 Ogos
Artis Waktu Catatan
Joe Cocker dan The Grease Band 2:00 ptg – 3:25 ptg Sebuah lagu - "With A Little Help From My Friends"[15] - sahaja sempat dimainkan sebelum persembahan tergendala suatu ribut petir yang melanda selama beberapa jam.
Country Joe and the Fish 6:30 ptg – 8:00 mlm Persembahan kedua Country Joe McDonald
Ten Years After 8:15 mlm – 9:15 mlm
The Band 10:00 mlm – 10:50 mlm
Johnny Winter 12:00 tengah malam – 1:05 pagi Edgar Winter menyertai dalam tiga buah lagu
Blood, Sweat & Tears 1:30 pagi – 2:30 pagi
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young 3:00 pagi – 4:00 pagi Suatu persembahan akustik (tidak banyak dsertai Neil Young) dan elektrik dimainkan
Paul Butterfield Blues Band 6:00 pagi – 6:45 pagi
Sha Na Na 7:30 pagi – 8:00 pagi
Jimi Hendrix / Gypsy Sun & Rainbows 9:00 pagi – 11:10 pagi Performed to a considerably smaller crowd of fewer than 200,000 people.[16]

Kejadian berikutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Impak dan kesan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan :0 tidak disediakan
  2. ^ "Peace and sharing dominate festival". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. August 18, 1969. m/s. 10. 
  3. ^ "Music, art fair ends; 2 are dead". Chicago Tribune. UPI. August 18, 1969. m/s. 3, sec. 1. 
  4. ^ Rock, Naomi (August 18, 1969). "'Great' rock festival ends without violence". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. Associated Press. m/s. 4A. 
  5. ^ "State Investigating Handling of Tickets At Woodstock Fair". The New York Times. 27 Ogos 1969. m/s. 45. 
  6. ^ Kilgannon, Corey (17 Mac 2009). "3 Days of Peace and Music, 40 Years Later". Arts. The New York Times. 
  7. ^ "Baby Boomer Generation Fast Facts". CNN. 6 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Woodstock". woodstock.com. Dicapai July 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Woodstock Guru". Sri Swami Satchidananda. Dicapai July 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Shrieve, Michael." Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 4th ed. Ed. Colin Larkin. Oxford Music Online.Oxford University Press. Web.
  11. ^ "Michael Shrieve". rollingstone.com. Dicapai March 13, 2017. 
  12. ^ "West, Leslie." Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 4th ed. Ed. Colin Larkin. Oxford Music Online.Oxford University Press. Web
  13. ^ Janis Joplin. Encyclopædia Britannica. September 24, 2006. Dicapai October 3, 2008. 
  14. ^ "The Woodstock Wars". newyorker.com. Dicapai July 2, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Cocker, Joe." Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 4th ed. Ed. Colin Larkin. Oxford Music Online.Oxford University Press
  16. ^ "Hendrix and Woodstock: 10 Little Known Facts about the Performance That Defined the '60s – WPI". 

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