Filipina Amerika

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Filipina Amerika
Mga Pilipinong Amerikano
Jumlah populasi
4,037,564[1]
1.23% daripada penduduk A.S. (2017)
Kawasan ramai penduduk
Barat Amerika Syarikat, Hawaii, terutama di kawasan metropolitan, dan di tempat lainsetakat 2010
California1,474,707[2]
Hawaii342,095[3]
Illinois139,090[4]
Texas137,713[5]
Washington137,083[6]
New Jersey126,793[7]
New York126,129[8]
Nevada123,891[9]
Florida122,691[10]
Bahasa
English (American, Philippine),[11]
Tagalog (Filipino),[11]
Ilocano, Pangasinan, Kapampangan, Bikol, Visayan languages (Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray), and other languages of the Philippines.[11]
Spanish (Chavacano), Chinese (Hokkien, Mandarin)
Agama
65% Roman Catholicism
21% Protestantism
8% Irreligion
1% Buddhism[12]

Filipina Amerika ialah rakyat Amerika dari keturunan Filipina. Istilah Filipina Amerika kadang-kadang dipendekkan kepada Fil-Am[13] atau Pinoy.[14] Penampilan terawal istilah Pinoy (Pinay feminin), ialah dalam edisi Buletin Pelajar Filipina1926.[15] Sesetengah orang Filipina percaya bahawa istilah Pinoy dicipta oleh orang Filipina yang datang ke Amerika Syarikat untuk membezakan diri mereka dari Filipina yang tinggal di Filipina.[16]

Orang Filipina di Amerika Utara mula didokumenkan pada abad ke-16,[17] dan permukiman kecil lain yang bermula pada abad ke-18.[18] Penghijrahan massa tidak bermula hingga awal abad ke-20, ketika Filipina diserahkan dari Spanyol ke Amerika Serikat dalam Perjanjian Paris.[19][20]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "ASIAN ALONE OR IN ANY COMBINATION BY SELECTED GROUPS". U.S. Census Bureau, 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Dicapai 12 February 2019. 4,037,564+/-48,784 
  2. ^ "California". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 7 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Hawaii". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Illinois". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Texas". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Washington". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "New Jersey". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "New York". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  9. ^ "Nevada". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "Florida". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Dicapai 5 December 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c Melen McBride, RN, PhD. "HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE OF FILIPINO AMERICAN ELDERS". Stanford University School of Medicine. Stanford University. Dicapai 8 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Asian Americans: A Mosaic of Faiths, Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. 19 July 2012. Dicapai 18 August 2014. Religious Affiliations Among U.S. Asian American Groups - Filipino: 89% Christian (21% Protestant (12% Evangelical, 9% Mainline), 65% Catholic, 3% Other Christian), 1% Buddhist, 0% Muslim, 0% Sikh, 0% Jain, 2% Other religion, 8% Unaffiliated[tiada dalam ayat yang diberikan] 
    "Asian Americans: A Mosaic of Faiths". The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. 19 July 2014. Dicapai 15 March 2017. Filipino Americans: 89% All Christian (65% Catholic, 21% Protestant, 3% Other Christian), 8% Unaffiliated, 1% Buddhist 
  13. ^ "Fil-Am: abbreviation Filipino American.", allwords.com, Date accessed: 29 April 2011

    Joaquin Jay Gonzalez III; Roger L. Kemp (18 February 2016). Immigration and America's Cities: A Handbook on Evolving Services. McFarland. m/s. 198. ISBN 978-0-7864-9633-4. 

    Stanley I. Thangaraj; Constancio Arnaldo; Christina B. Chin (5 April 2016). Asian American Sporting Cultures. NYU Press. m/s. 44. ISBN 978-1-4798-4016-8. 
  14. ^ Jon Sterngass (2007). Filipino Americans. Infobase Publishing. m/s. 13. ISBN 978-1-4381-0711-0. 
  15. ^ Dawn Bohulano Mabalon (29 May 2013). Little Manila Is in the Heart: The Making of the Filipina/o American Community in Stockton, California. Duke University Press. m/s. 20. ISBN 978-0-8223-9574-4. 
  16. ^ Marina Claudio-Perez (October 1998). "Filipino Americans" (PDF). The California State Library. State of California. Dicapai 30 April 2011. Filipino Americans are often shortened into Pinoy Some Filipinos believe that the term Pinoy was coined by the early Filipinos who came to the United States to distinguish themselves from Filipinos living in the Philippines. Others claim that it implies "Filipino" thoughts, deeds and spirit. 
  17. ^ Mercene, Floro L. (2007). Manila Men in the New World: Filipino Migration to Mexico and the Americas from the Sixteenth Century. The University of the Philippines Press. m/s. 161. ISBN 978-971-542-529-2. Dicapai 1 July 2009. 

    Rodel Rodis (25 October 2006). "A century of Filipinos in America". Inquirer. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 22 May 2011. Dicapai 4 May 2011. 
  18. ^ Rodel Rodis (25 October 2006). "A century of Filipinos in America". Inquirer. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 22 May 2011. Dicapai 4 May 2011. 
  19. ^ "Labor Migration in Hawaii". UH Office of Multicultural Student Services. University of Hawaii. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 3 June 2009. Dicapai 11 May 2009. 
  20. ^ "Treaty of Paris ends Spanish–American War". History.com. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Dicapai 15 March 2017. Puerto Rico and Guam were ceded to the United States, the Philippines were bought for $20 million, and Cuba became a U.S. protectorate. 

    Rodolfo Severino (2011). Where in the World is the Philippines?: Debating Its National Territory. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. m/s. 10. ISBN 978-981-4311-71-7. 

    Muhammad Munawwar (23 February 1995). Ocean States: Archipelagic Regimes in the Law of the Sea. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. m/s. 62–63. ISBN 978-0-7923-2882-7. 

    Thomas Leonard; Jurgen Buchenau; Kyle Longley; Graeme Mount (30 January 2012). Encyclopedia of U.S. - Latin American Relations. SAGE Publications. m/s. 732. ISBN 978-1-60871-792-7. 

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