Gunung Kailash

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Gunung Kailash
གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ  (Bahasa Tibet Standard)
Kailash-Barkha.jpg
Gunung Kailash dari selatan
Titik tertinggi
Ketinggian6,638 m (21,778 ka)
Tonjolan1,319 m (4,327 ka)
Koordinat31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250Koordinat: 31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250
Geografi
LokasiBurang, Kawasan Autonomi Tibet
NegaraChina
Induk banjaranJulat Gangdisê
Pendakian
Pendakian pertamaTidak didaki

Gunung Kailash (juga Kailasa; Kangrinboqê atau Gang Rinpoche; Tibet: གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ; Cina ringkas: 冈仁波齐峰Cina tradisional: 岡仁波齊峰; Bahasa Sanskrit: कैलास, IAST: Kailāsa) ialah puncak tinggi 6,638 m (21,778 ka) di Banjaran Kailash (Pergunungan Gangdisê), yang membentuk sebahagian daripada Transhimalaya di Wilayah Ngari, Wilayah Autonomi Tibet, China. 

Gunung ini terletak berhampiran Tasik Manasarovar dan Tasik Rakshastal, berhampiran dengan sumber beberapa sungai Asia terpanjang: Indus; Sutlej; Brahmaputra; dan Karnali, juga dikenali sebagai Ghaghara (anak sungai Gangga) di India. Gunung Kailash dianggap suci dalam empat agama: Hinduisme; Bon; agama Buddha; dan Jainisme.[petikan diperlukan]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Albinia, Alice. (2008) Empires of the Indus: The Story of a River. First American Edition (2010) W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 978-0-393-33860-7.
  • Nomachi, Kazuyoshi. Tibet. Boston: Shambhala, 1997.
  • Thurman, Robert and Tad Wise, Circling the Sacred Mountain: A Spiritual Adventure Through the Himalayas. New York: Bantam, 1999. ISBN 0-553-37850-3 — Tells the story of a Western Buddhist making the trek around Mount Kailash.
  • Snelling, John. (1990). The Sacred Mountain: The Complete Guide to Tibet's Mount Kailas. 1st edition 1983. Revised and enlarged edition, including: Kailas-Manasarovar Travellers' Guide. Forwards by H.H. the Dalai Lama of Tibet and Christmas Humphreys. East-West Publications, London and The Hague. ISBN 0-85692-173-4.
  • (Elevation) Chinese Snow Map "Kangrinboqe", published by the Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • Allen, Charles (1982) A Mountain in Tibet: The Search for Mount Kailas and the Sources of the Great Rivers of Asia. (London, André Deutsch).
  • Allen, Charles. (1999). The Search for Shangri-La: A Journey into Tibetan History. Little, Brown and Company. Reprint: Abacus, London. 2000. ISBN 0-349-11142-1.
  • "A Tibetan Guide for Pilgrimage to Ti-se (Mount Kailas) and mTsho Ma-pham (Lake Manasarovar)." Toni Huber and Tsepak Rigzin. In: Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture: A Collection of Essays. (1999) Edited by Toni Huber, pp. 125–153. The Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dharamsala, H.P., India. ISBN 81-86470-22-0.
  • Stein, R. A. (1961). Les tribus anciennes des marches Sino-Tibétaines: légendes, classifications et histoire. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris. (In French)
  • Johnson, Russell, and Moran, Kerry. (1989). The Sacred Mountain of Tibet: On Pilgrimage to Kailas. Park Street Press, Rochester, Vermont. ISBN 0-89281-325-3.
  • Govinda, Lama Anagarika. (1966). The Way of the White Clouds: A Buddhist Pilgrim in Tibet. Shambhala Publications, Inc. Boulder, Colorado. Reprint with foreword by Peter Matthiessen: Shambhala Publications, Inc. Boston, Massachusetts. 1988. ISBN 0-87773-007-5
  • Thubron, Colin. (2011). "To a Mountain in Tibet." Chatto & Windus, London. ISBN 978-0-7011-8380-6