Hatnuah

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Hatnuah
התנועה
KetuaTzipi Livni[1]
Diasaskan27 November 2012 (2012-11-27)[2]
Dibubarkan18 Februari 2019 (2019-02-18)
PecahanKadima
Ibu pejabatTel Aviv, Israel
IdeologiLiberalisme[3][4][5]
Zionisme liberal[6][7]
Penyelesaian dua negara[8][9]
Sekularisme[10][11]
Environmentalisme[12][13]
Jalan Ketiga[14]
Kedudukan politikCentre[15][16] to centre-left[17][18][19]
Penggabungan nasionalKesatuan Zionis (2014–2019)
Warna rasmiBiru, putih
Simbol pilihan raya
צפ
Tapak web
www.tzipilivni.co.il
Politik Israel
Parti politik
Pilihan raya

Hatnuah (Bahasa Ibrani: הַתְּנוּעָה‎, "Pergerakan")[20] merupakan sebuah parti politik berfahaman liberal di Israel.[21][22] Ia ditubuhkan bekas Menteri Luar Negeri negara tersebut Tzipi Livni setelah meninggalkan parti Kadima dengan tujuan menjadi pihak penggesa dalam meneruskan proses perdamaian antara pihak-pihak Israel dan Palestin.[23]

Ideologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Keputusan pilihan raya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Yossi Verter (27 November 2012). "Tzipi Livni's new movement brings her full circle back to Israeli politics". Haaretz. Dicapai 28 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Gil Hoffman (27 November 2012). "Livni returns to politics with The Tzipi Livni Party". The Jerusalem Post. Dicapai 28 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Tzipi Livni, subalterna de Herzog para no desaparecer del mapa político israelí", ABC, 16 March 2015. "Desde entonces, Livni se ha visto despojada del liderazgo del Kadima, creó una nueva formación de corte liberal -Hatnuá- con la que ganó sólo seis escaños en los comicios de 2013, y ha visto languidecer su otrora prometedor horizonte político hasta tal punto que, para salvarse, ha preferido la unión con el Laborismo, partido del que ideológicamente ha estado siempre alejada."
  4. ^ Christoph Schult (22 Mac 2013). "Pensions for Jewish Ghetto Laborers: Israel Angered By German Government". Spiegel Online. Dicapai 28 Januari 2015. 
  5. ^ Katherine Philip (16 January 2014). "Outcry as Israel tries to ban the word 'Nazi'". The Times. (subscription required)
  6. ^ Carlo Strenger, Israel today: a society without a center, Haaretz (7 March 2014)
  7. ^ Dror Zeigerman (2013). A Liberal Upheaval: From the General Zionists to the Liberal Party (pre-book dissertation) (PDF). Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Liberty. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 2 April 2015. 
  8. ^ Karin Laub (22 Januari 2013). "Israel vote presents diplomatic, domestic choices". Associated Press. Dicapai 28 Januari 2015. 
  9. ^ Ben Birnbaum (23 Ogos 2013). "Tzipi Livni and the quest for peace in Israel and Palestine". Newsweek. Dicapai 28 Januari 2015. 
  10. ^ Jim Zanotti (28 Februari 2014). "Israel: Background and U.S. Relations" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Dicapai 28 January 2015. 
  11. ^ Judy Maltz (17 December 2014). "Where do Israeli lawmakers stand on matters of religion and state?". Haaretz. Both Meretz and Hatnuah are known for their progressive platforms on matters of religion and state. 
  12. ^ "Hatnua presents green platform". Ynetnews. 26 December 2012. Dicapai 28 January 2015. 
  13. ^ Justin Scott Finkelstein (Ogos 2013). "Can the Israeli Center Hold?" (PDF). Foreign Policy Research Institute. 
  14. ^ Michael Shamir, penyunting (2017). The Elections in Israel 2013. Routledge. m/s. 41. Hatenua ... 'enabling Third Way liberal economy' 
  15. ^ "Guide to Israel's political parties". BBC. 21 January 2013. 
  16. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2015/03/13/these-are-the-political-parties-battling-for-israels-future/
  17. ^ Miriam Fendius Elman; Oded Haklai; Hendrik Spruyt (2014). Democracy and Conflict Resolution: The Dilemmas of Israel's Peacemaking. Syracuse University Press. m/s. 14. ISBN 978-0-8156-5251-9. 
  18. ^ Judi Rudoren (15 March 2015). "Israeli Leaders Form New Government". The New York Times. Dicapai 28 January 2015. 
  19. ^ Malcolm Russell (28 August 2013). The Middle East and South Asia 2013. Stryker Post. m/s. 105. ISBN 978-1-4758-0487-4. 
  20. ^ Josef Federman (22 February 2013). "Analysis: Netanyahu gambit appears to backfire". Associated Press. Dicapai 28 January 2015. 
  21. ^ "Israel". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 25 August 2014. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 15 January 2015. Dicapai 28 January 2015. The party is a liberal party that Israel did not had since 2006. 
  22. ^ Sophie Desjardin (13 March 2015). "Livni and Herzog merge in Zionist Union to oust Netanyahu". Euronews. She quit the traditional Likud party of the right to join the Kadima centrists before she formed the liberal Hatnuah party. He’s a socialist. Together, they head the centre-left Zionist Union, with a mantra ‘to defend a Jewish and democratic state’. 
  23. ^ "A look at the makeup of the new Israeli government". The Oklahoman. Associated Press. 14 March 2013. Dicapai 12 November 2017.