Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

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Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Profesor Heike Kamerlingh Onnes FRSFor HFRSE FCS (21 September 1853 - 21 Februari 1926) ialah ahli fizik Belanda dan pemenang Hadiah Nobel. Beliau mengeksploitasi kitaran Hampson-Linde untuk menyiasat bagaimana bahan berperilaku apabila disejukkan kepada sifar mutlak dan kemudian ke helium cair untuk kali pertama, pada tahun 1908. Beliau juga ialah penemu superkonduktiviti pada tahun 1911.[1][2][3]

Penerbitan terpilih[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "Nieuwe bewijzen voor de aswenteling der aarde." Ph.D. dissertation. Groningen, Netherlands, 1879.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "Algemeene theorie der vloeistoffen." Amsterdam Akad. Verhandl; 21, 1881.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "On the Cryogenic Laboratory at Leyden and on the Production of Very Low Temperature." Comm. Phys. Lab. Univ. Leiden; 14, 1894.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "Théorie générale de l'état fluide." Haarlem Arch. Neerl.; 30, 1896.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "Further experiments with liquid helium. C. On the change of electric resistance of pure metals at very low temperatures, etc. IV. The resistance of pure mercury at helium temperatures." Comm. Phys. Lab. Univ. Leiden; No. 120b, 1911.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "Further experiments with liquid helium. D. On the change of electric resistance of pure metals at very low temperatures, etc. V. The disappearance of the resistance of mercury." Comm. Phys. Lab. Univ. Leiden; No. 122b, 1911.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "Further experiments with liquid helium. G. On the electrical resistance of pure metals, etc. VI. On the sudden change in the rate at which the resistance of mercury disappears." Comm. Phys. Lab. Univ. Leiden; No. 124c, 1911.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., "On the Lowest Temperature Yet Obtained." Comm. Phys. Lab. Univ. Leiden; No. 159, 1922.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Sengers, Johanna Levelt: How Fluids Unmix: Discoveries by the School of Van der Waals and Kamerlingh Onnes. (Edita—the Publishing House of the Royal, 2002, 318 pp)
  2. ^ van Delft, Dirk (2007) Freezing physics, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes and the quest for cold, Edita, Amsterdam,
  3. ^ Blundell, Stephen: Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction. (Oxford University Press, 1st edition, 2009, p. 20)

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • de Bruyn Ouboter, Rudolf (March 1997). "Heike Kamerlingh Onnes's Discovery of Superconductivity". Scientific American. 276 (3): 98–103. Bibcode:1997SciAm.276c..98D. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0397-98.
  • Laesecke, Arno (Mei–Jun 2002). "Through Measurement to Knowledge: The Inaugural Lecture of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1882)" (PDF). Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 107 (3): 261–277. doi:10.6028/jres.107.021. PMC 4861352. PMID 27446730. Diarkib daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 2 Oktober 2006. Dicapai pada 2 Oktober 2006. Parameter |dead-url= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)
  • Reif-Acherman, Simón (June 2004). "Heike Kamerlingh Onnes: Master of Experimental Technique and Quantitative Research". Physics in Perspective. 6 (2): 197–223. Bibcode:2004PhP.....6..197R. doi:10.1007/s00016-003-0193-8.
  • Van Delft, D. "Freezing Physics: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes and the Quest for Cold"
  • Levelt-Sengers, J. M. H., "How fluids unmix : discoveries by the School of Van der Waals and Kamerlingh Onnes". Amsterdam, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 2002. ISBN 90-6984-357-9.
  • Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, (Gavroglou, Kōstas. [ed.], and Goudaroulis, Yorgos [ed.]) "Through measurement to knowledge : the selected papers of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853–1926)". Dordrecht, Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1991. Goudaroulis, Yorgos. ISBN 0-7923-0825-5
  • International Institute of Refrigeration (First International Commission), "Rapports et communications issus du Laboratoire Kamerlingh Onnes". International Congress of Refrigeration (7th; 1936; La Hauge), Amsterdam, 1936.