Côte d'Ivoire

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Republik Côte d'Ivoire
ريڤوبليك کوت ديۏوار

République de Côte d'Ivoire (bahasa Perancis)
ߜߋ߲ߞߐ߰ߖߌ߬ߘߺߊ ߞߊ߲ߓߍ߲Gbenkojida Kanben (bahasa Dyula)
Bendera Ivory Coast Pantai Gading (.mw-parser-output .script-Adlm{font-family:"Noto Sans Adlam"}.mw-parser-output .script-Aghb{font-family:"Noto Sans Caucasian Albanian"}.mw-parser-output .script-Ahom{font-family:"Noto Serif Ahom"}.mw-parser-output .script-Arab{font-family:"Scheherazade New",Scheherazade,Lateef,LateefGR,Amiri,"Noto Naskh Arabic","Droid Arabic Naskh",Harmattan,"Arabic Typesetting","Traditional Arabic","Simplified Arabic","Times New Roman",Arial,"Sakkal Majalla","Microsoft Uighur",Calibri,"Microsoft Sans Serif","Segoe UI",serif,sans-serif}.mw-parser-output .script-Armi{font-family:"Aramaic VIIBCE","Aramaic Imperial Yeb","Noto Sans Imperial Aramaic","Everson Mono","EversonMono","Unifont Upper CSUR","Unifont","Quivira","sans-serif"}.mw-parser-output .script-Armn{font-family:"Segoe UI","Noto Sans Armenian"}.mw-parser-output .script-Avst{font-family:"Noto Sans Avestan"}.mw-parser-output .script-Bali{font-family:"Tantular Bali","Aksara Bali","Noto Serif Balinese","Noto Sans 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{{{coat_alt}}}
Bendera Lambang
Cogan kata: "Union – Discipline – Travail" (Bahasa Perancis)
"Bersatu, Displin dan Bertungkus-lumus"
Lagu kebangsaan: L'Abidjanaise
Lagu Abidjan
Côte d'Ivoire (orthographic projection).svg
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Ibu negaraYamoussoukro (pentadbiran)
Abidjan (perdagangan)
6°51′N 5°18′W / 6.850°N 5.300°W / 6.850; -5.300
Bandar terbesarAbidjan
Bahasa rasmibahasa Perancis
bahasa-bahasa<brvernacular
Kumpulan etnik
(2018)
KerajaanRepublik kesatuan berpresiden dengan sistem berparlimen
• Presiden
Alassane Ouattara
Patrick Achi
PerundanganParlimen
Senat
Côte d'Ivoire
Merdeka
• dari Perancis
7 Ogos 1960
Keluasan
• Jumlah
322,463 km2 (124,504 bt2) (ke-68)
• Air (%)
1.4[1]
Penduduk
• Anggaran 2018
23,740,424[2] (ke-54)
• Bancian 2015
24,905,843
• Kepadatan
63.9/km2 (165.5/sq mi) (ke-139)
KDNK (PPP)Anggaran 2020 
• Jumlah
USD163.594 bilion[3]
• Per kapita
USD6,201[3]
KDNK (nominal)Anggaran 2020 
• Jumlah
USD58.792 bilion[4]
• Per kapita
$2,286[4]
Gini (2008)41.5[5]
sederhana
HDI (2017) 0.492[6]
rendah · ke-170
Mata wangFranc CFA Afrika Barat (XOF)
Zon masaUTC+0 (GMT)
Bahagian memandukanan
Kod panggilan+225
Kod ISO 3166CI
DPT Internet.ci
  1. termasuk sebanyak 130,000 orang Lubnan dan 14,000 orang Perancis.

Côte d'Ivoire ([kot di.vwar], IPA: [kot diˈvwaʀ] dalam bahasa Perancis bermaksud "Pantai Gading", secara rasmi dipanggil République de Côte d'Ivoire - rujuk segmen penamaan di bawah) merupakan satu negara terletak di Afrika Barat. Dalam tahun 1893, negara ini menjadi kawasan pencerobahan dan jajahan Perancis. Pada tahun 1960, negara ini mendapat kemerdekaannya dan menjadikan Félix Houphouët-Boigny menjawat jawatan Perdana Menteri dan Presiden pertama di Côte d'Ivoire.

Penamaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Para pedagang Portugis dan Perancis pada abad-abad ke-15 dan ke-16 membahagikan kawasan pesisiran Barat Afrika dalam pemetaan mereka mengikut bahan dagangan yang paling utama: lada hitam didagangkan di kawasan dijolok "Pantai Lada", emas di "Pantai Emas" dan hamba abdi di "Pantai Hamba". "Pantai Gading" (Bahasa Perancis: Côte d'Ivoire, Bahasa Portugis: Costa Do Marfim) merujuk kepada kawasan di mana gading gajah merupakan eksport utama[7][8][9][10][11] yang menjangkau dari Guiné de Cabo Verde, yakni "Guinea Hulu" di Cap-Vert, dan Guinea Hilir.[8][12] Nama ini kekal sepanjang penjajahan pihak Perancis di kawasan tersebut serta masa kemerdekaan negara tersebut pada tahun 1960.[13]

Nama negara ini pula banyak diterjemahkan ke dalam banyak bahasa, antaranya "Ivory Coast" dalam bahasa Inggeris (terus dipakai secara rasmi di Malaysia[14]), atau "Pantai Gading" dalam bahasa Melayu (di mana ia lebih digunakan di Indonesia). Perkara tersebut bagaimanapun banyak menyusahkan pemerintah negara ini ketika berurusan dengan banyak negara yang berbilang bahasa, maka pada April 1986 pemerintah berkenaan memutuskan bahawa nama ia dalam bahasa Perancis, "Côte d'Ivoire" (atau dengan lebih panjang lagi, "République de Côte d'Ivoire"[15]) merupakan nama rasmi digunakan dalam protokol antarabangsa mereka dan sebarang terjemahan kepada nama negara mereka dalam bahasa-bahasa asing yang lain tidak akan diterima dalam urusan diplomatik.[16][17][18]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Politik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Geografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peta Côte d'Ivoire

Kepanjangan sempadan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Côte d'Ivoire bersempadankan dengan Liberia dan Guinea disebelah barat, Mali dan Burkina Faso di utara, Ghana di sebelah timur, dan Teluk Guinea diselatannya.

Negara Kepanjangan Sempadan (km)
Liberia 716 km
Mali 532 km
Burkina Faso 584 km
Ghana 668 km
Guinea 610 km

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire". The World Factbook. CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 24 Julai 2008. Dicapai pada 8 August 2008.
  2. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire". The World Factbook. CIA Directorate of Intelligence. Dicapai pada 18 Februari 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Côte d'Ivoire". Tabung Kewangan Antarabangsa.
  4. ^ a b "GDP (current US$) - Cote d'Ivoire". Bank Dunia.
  5. ^ "Gini Index". Bank Dunia. Dicapai pada 2 Mac 2011.
  6. ^ http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2018_human_development_statistical_update.pdf
  7. ^ Duckett 1853, m/s. 594.
  8. ^ a b Thornton 1996, m/s. 53–56.
  9. ^ Homans 1858, m/s. 14.
  10. ^ Lipsky 2005, m/s. 39.
  11. ^ Plée 1868, m/s. 146.
  12. ^ Lipski 2005, m/s. 39.
  13. ^ "The Ivory Coast". World Digital Library. Dicapai pada 16 Februari 2013.
  14. ^ Rujukan DBP: Ivory Coast
  15. ^ Auzias & Labourdette 2008, m/s. 9.
  16. ^ David 2000, m/s. 7.
  17. ^ Lea & Rowe 2001, m/s. 127.
  18. ^ Jessup 1998, m/s. 351.
Sumber utama
  • Auzias, Dominique; Labourdette, Jean-Paul (2008). Côte d'Ivoire. Petit futé Country Guides (dalam bahasa Perancis). Petit Futé. ISBN 9782746924086.
  • Duckett, William (1853). "Côte Des Dents". Dictionnaire de la conversation et de la lecture inventaire raisonné des notions générales les plus indispensables à tous (dalam bahasa Perancis). 6 (ed. 2nd). Paris: Michel Lévy frères.
  • Homans, Isaac Smith (1858). "Africa". A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation. 1. New York: Harper & brothers.
  • Jessup, John E. (1998), An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-313-28112-9, OCLC 37742322
  • Lipski, John M. (2005). A History of Afro-Hispanic Language: Five Centuries, Five Continents. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521822657.
  • Plée, Victorine François (1868). "Côte des Dents où d'Ivoire". Peinture géographique du monde moderne: suivant l'ordre dans lequel il a été reconnu et decouvert (dalam bahasa Perancis). Paris: Pigoreau.
  • Thornton, John K. (1996). "The African background to American colonization". Dalam Engerman, Stanley L.; Gallman, Robert E. (penyunting). The Cambridge Economic History of the United States. 1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521394420.

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