J. Stuart Blackton

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James Stuart Blackton
JStuartBlackton1912.jpg
Blackton pada 1912
Kelahiran James Stuart Blacktin
(1875-01-05)5 Januari 1875
Sheffield, England
Meninggal dunia 13 Ogos 1941(1941-08-13) (umur 66)
Los Angeles, California
Terkenal kerana Vitagraph Studios

James Stuart Blackton (Januari 5, 1875 – Ogos 13, 1941) merupakan seorang pengarah dan penerbit era filem bisu British dan Amerika. Salah satu pelopor gambar gerakan, dia diasaskan Vitagraph Studios pada tahun 1897. Beliau adalah salah seorang pembuat filem pertama yang menggunakan teknik gerak henti dan animasi berlukis, dianggap sebagai bapa animasi Amerika, dan merupakan yang pertama membawa banyak drama dan buku klasik ke skrin. Blackton juga merupakan komodor/laksamana pertama dari Atlantic Yacht Club.[1]

Blackton meninggal pada 13 Ogos 1941, beberapa hari selepas dia dilanggar oleh sebuah kereta ketika melintasi jalan bersama anak lelakinya.[1][2]Pada masa kematiannya, dia sedang menyiapkan Hal Roach untuk bereksperimen meningkatkan latar belakang proses warna.[3] Blackton telah dikebumikan di Perkuburan Forest Lawn Memorial Park di Glendale, California.[4]

Filmografi pilihan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tajuk Nota
1898 Burglar on the Roof, TheThe Burglar on the Roof Filem pendek[5]:8[6]
1898 Tearing Down the Spanish Flag Filem pendek[5]:8–9[7]
1898 Humpty Dumpty Circus, TheThe Humpty Dumpty Circus Filem pendek
1900 Enchanted Drawing, TheThe Enchanted Drawing Filem pendek
1905 Adventures of Sherlock Holmes; or, Held for Ransom, TheThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes; or, Held for Ransom Filem pendek[8]
1906 Humorous Phases of Funny Faces Filem pendek
1906 Automobile Thieves, TheThe Automobile Thieves Filem pendek
1907 Curious Dream, AA Curious Dream Filem pendek
1908 Thieving Hand, TheThe Thieving Hand Filem pendek
1908 Macbeth Filem pendek
1908 Romeo and Juliet Filem pendek
1908 Airship, or 100 Years Hence, TheThe Airship, or 100 Years Hence Filem pendek[9]
1908 Antony and Cleopatra Filem pendek
1908 Oliver Twist Filem pendek
1909 Princess Nicotine; or, The Smoke Fairy Filem pendek
1909 Les Misérables [10]
1909 Midsummer Night's Dream, AA Midsummer Night's Dream Filem pendek[11]
1911 Tale of Two Cities, AA Tale of Two Cities [12]
1912 Richard III [12]
1912 Cardinal Wolsey [12]
1915 Battle Cry of Peace, TheThe Battle Cry of Peace [5]:74[13]
1917 Judgement House, TheThe Judgement House [14]
1918 Life's Greatest Problem [12]
1922 Glorious Adventure, TheThe Glorious Adventure [12]
1923 Virgin Queen, TheThe Virgin Queen [12]
1923 On the Banks of the Wabash [12]
1924 Between Friends [12]
1925 The Happy Warrior
1926 Bride of the Storm [12]
1927 American, TheThe American
1934 Film Parade, TheThe Film Parade [15]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Blackton, Pioneer In Movies, Dies, 66. Ex-Commodore of Atlantic Yacht Club Here. Is Victim of Auto Accident. A Founder Of Vitagraph. Producer of 'Black Diamond Express' Thriller. Began as Marine Artist". New York Times. Ogos 14, 1941. Dicapai 2014-12-06. 
  2. ^ "J. Stuart Blackton's Condition Is Critical". Motion Picture Daily. 13 August 1941. Dicapai 3 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Blackton Services Tomorrow in L.A." Motion Picture Daily. 15 August 1941. Dicapai 3 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "James Stuart Blackton". Find a Grave. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  5. ^ a b c Slide, Anthony (1976). The Big V: A History of the Vitagraph Company. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810809673. 
  6. ^ "The Burglar on the Roof". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  7. ^ "Tearing Down the Spanish Flag". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  8. ^ "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes; or, Held for a Ransom". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  9. ^ Douglas Alver Menville, R. Reginald, Mary Wickizer Burgess Futurevisions: the new golden age of the science fiction film 1985 - Page 14 "Although previous filmmakers had used the near future as a backdrop for their stories (The Airship, or 100 Years Hence, was produced by J. Stuart Blackton in 1908), Lang's vision is the first serious attempt to predict a possible tomorrow."
  10. ^ "Les Miserables". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  11. ^ "A Midsummer Night's Dream". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "J. Stuart Blackton". BFI Film & TV Database. British Film Institute. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  13. ^ "The Battle Cry of Peace". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  14. ^ "The Judgement House". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Dicapai 2016-08-03. 
  15. ^ "The Film Parade (1933); Vitagraph Treasures". UCLA Film and Television Archive. Dicapai 2016-08-04. 

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Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:J. Stuart Blackton