John Pemberton

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John Pemberton
John Pemberton.jpg
Kelahiran(1831-07-08)8 Julai 1831
Knoxville, Georgia, A.S.
Meninggal dunia16 Ogos 1888(1888-08-16) (umur 57)
Atlanta, Georgia, A.S.
DikebumikanLinwood Cemetery, Columbus, Georgia, A.S.
KediamanPemberton House
PendidikanReform Medical College of Georgia
PekerjaanAhli farmasi
Terkenal keranamencipta Coca-Cola
PasanganAnn Eliza Clifford Lewis
Anak1

John Stith Pemberton (8 Julai 1831 - 16 Ogos 1888) ialah seorang ahli farmasi Amerika yang paling terkenal sebagai pencipta Coca-Cola. Pada Mei 1886, beliau membangunkan versi awal minuman yang kemudiannya menjadi terkenal di dunia sebagai Coca-Cola, tetapi menjual haknya kepada minuman tersebut sebelum kematiannya.[1][2][3]

Pemberton meninggal akibat kanser perut pada usia 57 pada 16 Ogos 1888. Anak lelakinya Charley terus menjual formula bapanya, tetapi enam tahun kemudian Charles meninggal setelah menagih candu.[4]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ George B. Griffenhagen, A Guide to Pharmacy Museums and Historical Collections in the United States and Canada, Amer. Inst. History of Pharmacy, 1999, pp. 23–24
  2. ^ Alice Cromie, Restored America: A Tour Guide: the Preserved Towns, Villages, and Historic City Districts of the United States and Canada, American Legacy Press, 1979, p. 135 [1]
  3. ^ Alice Cromie, Restored towns and historic districts of America: a tour guide, Dutton, 1979, p. 135
  4. ^ Pendergrast, Mark (2000). "The tangled chain of title". For God, country, and Coca-Cola: the unauthorized history of the great American soft drink and the company that makes it (edisi 2nd). New York: Basic Books. m/s. 34–46. ISBN 978-0465054688. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Schoenberg, B S (1988), "Coke's the one: the centennial of the 'ideal brain tonic' that became a symbol of America", South. Med. J. (diterbitkan Jan 1988), 81 (1), m/s. 69–74, doi:10.1097/00007611-198801000-00015, PMID 3276011 
  • King, M M (1987), "Dr. John S. Pemberton: originator of Coca-Cola", Pharmacy in history, 29 (2), m/s. 85–9, PMID 11621277 
  • Hasegawa, Guy (March 1, 2000), "Pharmacy in the American Civil War", American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 57 (5), m/s. 457–489, American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy 

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