Kerajaan Georgia

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Kerajaan Georgia

საქართველოს სამეფო (Bahasa Georgia)
1008–1490
Flag of Georgia (country)
Flag of the Kingdom of Egris-Abkhazia v2.svg
{{{coat_alt}}}
Georgian flags from the 14th and 15th centuries according to Dulcert, the Pizzigano brothers and others[3] Coat of arms of all-Georgian Kingdom according to Prince Vakhushti's Atlas (c.1745)
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Georgia under khan (Grünenberg Wappenbuch, 1480)
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Georgia under khan according to Grünenberg Wappenbuch (1480)[1][2]
The Kingdom of Georgia from 1184–1230, at the peak of its territorial expansion.      Kingdom of Georgia      Tributaries, protectorates and sphere of influence
The Kingdom of Georgia from 1184–1230, at the peak of its territorial expansion.
  •      Kingdom of Georgia
  •      Tributaries, protectorates and sphere of influence
  • Ibu kota
    Bahasa lazimbahasa Georgia Pertengahan
    Agama
    Agama Kristian mazhab Gereja Ortodoks Timur (Georgian Patriarchate)
    PemerintahanKerajaan feudal
    King, King of Kings 
    • 1008–1014 (raja pertama)
    Bagrat III
    • 1478–1490 (raja terakhir)
    Constantine II
    PerundanganCouncil of State
    Era sejarahHigh Middle Ages to Late Middle Ages
    • PenyatuanPenyatuan
    1008
    1122–1226
    1245–1247
    • Pembahagian Timur dan Barat
    1247–1329
    • Penyatuan semula
    1329

    1463
    1490[A]
    Keluasan
    1213-1245250,000 km2 (97,000 bt2)
    Populasi
    • 1254[B]
    2.4–2.5 juta orang[4][5] or ~5 millions[6]
    Mata wangDuit-duit Byzantine and Sasanid (hingga abad ke-12)
    Dirham (sejak 1122)[7]
    Didahului oleh
    Diganti oleh
    Kingdom of Abkhazia
    Kingdom of Iberia
    Kingdom of Kakheti
    Kingdom of Hereti
    Kingdom of Armenia
    Emirate of Tbilisi
    Kerajaan Kartli
    Kerajaan Kakheti
    Kerajaan Imereti
    Kerajaan Samtskhe
    1the full title of the Georgian monarchs after 1124 was "King of Kings, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Sword of the Messiah, King of Abkhazia, King of Iberia, King of Kakheti and Hereti, King of Armenia, Possessor of Shirvan."

    Kerajaan Georgia ( Bahasa Georgia: საქართველოს სამეფო ) atau Empayar Georgia, [8] [9] [10] [11] merupakan sebuah kerajaan Eurasian yang muncul pada Zaman Pertengahan sekitar tahun 1008 M . Ia merupakan asas kepada negara Georgia moden masa kini.

    Setelah kerajaan ini banyak mengalami tempias hasil serangan dari kuasa asing (terutamanya yang dipimpin Tamerlane) serta wabak dahsyat seperti Maut Hitam, ia semakin lama kepecah-pecahan lalu dibahagikan kepada kerajaan-kerajaan kecil yang tersendiri iaitu Kartli, Kakheti and Imereti yang diperintah puak-puak dalam dinasti Bagrationi serta beberapa kerajaan feudal separa bebas iaitu Odishi, Guria, Abkhazia, Svaneti dan Samtskhe.

    Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

    1. ^ "In 1490, Konstantine II summoned a special royal council that recognized the fragmentation of the Kingdom of Georgia into separate kingdoms and principalities."
    2. ^ "In 1254 Möngke Khan ordered a census in Kingdom of Georgia"

    Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

    1. ^ Grünenberg, Konrad: Das Wappenbuch Conrads von Grünenberg, Ritters und Bürgers zu Constanz - BSB Cgm 145 (um 1480)
    2. ^ Oldest Georgian Arms Zachary Kiknadze, pp.6-7, State Council of Heraldry, 2014
    3. ^ http://heraldry.ge/?m=36
    4. ^ Kakabadze 1920: 40; Jaoshvili 1984: 49. "At the beginning of the 13th century, according to the most likely estimates, the population of the realm, which in those days was almost equal in size to England and Wales, was 2400000-2500000. Of these, 1800000 lived in the area of modem Georgia (Jaoshvili 1984: 50).
    5. ^ Rayfield, Donald (2012). Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. London: Reaktion Books. m/s. 129. ISBN 1780230303. "The Georgian army could field 90,000 men, which puts the population of Georgia at around two and a half million."
    6. ^ Gumilev, Lev Nikolaevič, 1912-1992. (cop. 2009, 1987). Searches for an imaginary kingdom: The legend of the kingdom of Prester John. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521108799. OCLC 762325214. Periksa date values in: |date= (bantuan)Selenggaraan CS1: pelbagai nama: senarai pengarang (link) pp.198 The of Georgia had grown to 5 million, i.e. it almost equalled the population of Rus' at that time.
    7. ^ Paghava, Irakli; Novak, Vlastimil (2013). GEORGIAN COINS IN THE COLLECTION OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM-NÁPRSTEK MUSEUM IN PRAGUE. Dicapai pada 31 Mei 2016.
    8. ^ Chufrin, Gennadiĭ Illarionovich (2001). The Security of the Caspian Sea Region. Stockholm, Sweden: Oxford University Press. m/s. 282. ISBN 0199250200.
    9. ^ Waters, Christopher P. M. (2013). Counsel in the Caucasus: Professionalization and Law in Georgia. New York City, USA: Springer. m/s. 24. ISBN 9401756201.
    10. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation. Bloomington, IN, USA: Indiana University Press. m/s. 87. ISBN 0253209153.
    11. ^ Ronald G. Suny (1996) Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia DIANE Publishing pp. 157-158-160-182