Kewartawanan kuning

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Kartun "Kewartawanan kuning" mengenai Perang Sepanyol-Amerika

Kewartawanan kuning atau Jurnalisme kuning atau akhbar kuning merupakan istilah untuk jenis kewartawanan yang menyiarkan berita kurang atau tiada penyelidikan yang bagus tetapi sebaliknya menggunakan tajuk utama yang menarik untuk penjualan akhbar yang lebih banyak. [1] Ia termasuklah memperbesar-besarkan sesuatu kejadian, skandal atau berita-berita sensasi. Istilah kewartawanan kuning digunakan pada hari ini sebagai penghinaan untuk mengutuk sebarang kewartawanan yang mengeluarkan berita tidak profesional dan tidak beretika.[2]

Istilah ini banyak digunakan di Amerika Syarikat. Di United Kingdom istilah ini hampir sama dengan kewartawanan tabloid.

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "sensationalism". The Free Dictionary. Dicapai pada 21 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Shirley Biagi, Media Impact: An Introduction to Mass Media (2011) p 56

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Auxier, George W. (March 1940), "Middle Western Newspapers and the Spanish American War, 1895–1898", Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 26 (4), m/s. 523, JSTOR 1896320, doi:10.2307/1896320 
  • Campbell, W. Joseph (2005), The Spanish-American War: American Wars and the Media in Primary Documents, Greenwood Press 
  • Campbell, W. Joseph (2001), Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies, Praeger 
  • Emory, Edwin; Emory, Michael (1984), The Press and America (edisi 4th), Prentice Hall 
  • Kaplan, Richard L. "Yellow Journalism" in Wolfgang Donsbach, ed. The international encyclopedia of communication (2008) online
  • Milton, Joyce (1989), The Yellow Kids: Foreign correspondents in the heyday of yellow journalism, Harper & Row 
  • Nasaw, David (2000), The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst, Houghton Mifflin 
  • Procter, Ben (1998), William Randolph Hearst: The Early Years, 1863–1910, Oxford University Press 
  • Rosenberg, Morton; Ruff, Thomas P. (1976), Indiana and the Coming of the Spanish-American War, Ball State Monograph, No. 26, Publications in History, No. 4, Muncie, IN  (Asserts that Indiana papers were "more moderate, more cautious, less imperialistic and less jingoistic than their eastern counterparts.")
  • Smythe, Ted Curtis (2003),The Gilded Age Press, 1865–1900 Online pp 173–202
  • Swanberg, W.A (1967), Pulitzer, Charles Scribner's Sons 
  • Sylvester, Harold J. (February 1969), "The Kansas Press and the Coming of the Spanish-American War", The Historian, 31  (Sylvester finds no Yellow journalism influence on the newspapers in Kansas.)
  • Welter, Mark M. (Winter 1970), "The 1895–1898 Cuban Crisis in Minnesota Newspapers: Testing the 'Yellow Journalism' Theory", Journalism Quarterly, 47, m/s. 719–724 
  • Winchester, Mark D. (1995), "Hully Gee, It's a WAR! The Yellow Kid and the Coining of Yellow Journalism", Inks: Cartoon and Comic Art Studies, 2.3, m/s. 22–37 
  • Wood, Mary (February 2, 2004), "Selling the Kid: The Role of Yellow Journalism", The Yellow Kid on the Paper Stage: Acting out Class Tensions and Racial Divisions in the New Urban Environment, American Studies at the University of Virginia 
  • Campbell, W. Joseph (Summer 2000), "Not likely sent: The Remington-Hearst 'telegrams'", Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, dicapai pada 2008-09-06 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]