Perbezaan antara semakan "Ratifikasi"

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=== Ratifikasi Perlembagaan Eropah ===
Proses meratifikasikan [[Perjanjian untuk membentukkan Perlembagaan Eropah]] - suatu dokumen perlembagaan cadangan untuk [[Kesatuan Eropah]] (EU) - berbeza dari negara ke negara; tujuh buah negara bercadang untuk mengadakan [[pungutan suara]] yang mengikat untuk menentukan keputusan, enam belas buah negara memutuskan melalui undi [[parlimen]] dan dua buah negara memilih untuk mendapatkan kelulusan Parlimen, berdasarkan keputusan referendum penasihat. Untuk mencapai keberkesanan sepenuhnya, perlembagaan perlu diratifikasikan oleh semua negara ahli [[Kesatuan Eropah]] dan juga [[Parlimen Eropah]].
The process for ratifying the [[Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe]]—a proposed constitutional document for the [[European Union]] (EU)—varied from country to country; seven countries were intending to hold binding [[referendum]]s to determine the outcome, sixteen would decide by [[parliament]]ary vote and two countries opted for parliamentary approval advised by an advisory referendum. To take full effect, the constitution should have been ratified by all the member states of the EU as well as the [[European Parliament]]. The constitution was ratified by the European Parliament and sixteen member states (based on the parliaments of fourteen member states, and referendums in two others, [[Spain]] and [[Luxembourg]]). However, referendums first in [[France]] (on 29 May 2005) and then in the [[Netherlands]] (on 1 June 2005) rejected the constitution. After some minor modifications, such as dropping the label 'constitution' and references to the flag, the text was adopted as the [[Treaty of Lisbon]].
 
Perlembagaan telah pun diratifikasikkan oleh Parlimen Eropah dan enam belas buah negara ahli (berdasarkan parlimen empat belas negara ahli, dan referendum dua negara ahli yang lain, iaitu [[Sepanyol]] dan [[Luxembourg]]). Bagaimanapun, referendum [[Perancis]] (pada 29 Mei 2005) dan kemudiannya referendum [[Belanda]] (pada 1 Jun 2005) menolak perlembagaan itu. Selepas beberapa pengubahsuaian kecil dibuat, seperti menggugurkan label 'perlembagaan' label dan rujukan bendera, teks perlembagaan itu kemudian diterima sebagai [[Perjanjian Lisbon]].
Ratification of the [[Treaty of Lisbon]] took place on November 3, 2009 with the signature of the Czech republic. This happened after the constitutional court of the Czech republic found the Lisbon treaty to be compatible with the Czech constitution.
 
Ratifikasi [[Perjanjian Lisbon]] berlaku pada 3 November 2009 dengan penandatanganan [[Republik Czeh]], selepas mahkamah perlembagaan republik itu mendapati bahawa Perjanjian Lisbon adalah serasi dengan perlembagaannya.
 
== Ratifikasi perlembagaan ==

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