Office of Film and Literature Classification (Australia): Perbezaan antara semakan

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(Laman baru: '''Office of Film and Literature Classification''' ataupun '''Pejabat Klasifikasi Filem dan Kesusasteraan''' merupakan sebuah badan penapisan berkanun dan pengelasan yang membekalkan ban...)
 
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'''Office of Film and Literature Classification''' ataupun '''Pejabat Klasifikasi Filem dan Kesusasteraan''' merupakan sebuah badan penapisan berkanun dan pengelasan yang membekalkan bantuan pentadbiran setiap hari untuk Badan Klasifikasi yang mengelaskan [[filem]], [[permainan video]] dan [[publikasi]] di [[Australia]], dan Badan Pengulas Klasifikasi yang mengulas tentang filem, permainan komputer dan publikasi apabila suatu permohonan sah dilakukan.
 
== Film and Video Game Ratings ==
 
As of [[May 24]], [[2005]], the Movie Ratings system has been [[Color code|colour-coded]] and the presentation updated, following changes in the code. However, the previous classification symbols can still be seen on DVD and video packaging released before the change.
 
Some films and games (e.g. educational content) may be exempt from classification.
 
[[Image:OFLC small E.svg|90px]] [[Image:Resource0001.png|280px]]
 
'''E (Exempt from Classification)''' - These films are granted permission to be sold without a specific classification. This classification is usually granted to (and not limited to) educational content such as documentaries, concerts, fitness programmes, educational software and non-violent sporting events. Currently there is no predetermined marking for exempt films and computer games [http://www.oflc.gov.au/special.html?n=281&p=193#mark], although it is advised that films and computer games that are exempt display “This film/computer game is exempt from classification”.
 
The content varies depending on the show / film. Any film or computer game which is to be rated E must not exceed the PG rating.
 
[[Image:OFLC small G.svg|90px]] [[Image:OFLC large G.svg|280px]]
 
'''G (General)''' - These films and computer games are for general viewing. However, G does not necessarily designate a children’s film or game as many of these productions contain content that would be of no interest to children.
 
The content is very mild in impact.
 
[[Image:OFLC small PG.svg|90px]] [[Image:OFLC large PG.svg|280px]]
 
'''PG (Parental guidance recommended)''' - These films and computer games contain material that may confuse or upset younger viewers.
 
The content is mild in impact.
 
[[Image:OFLC small M.svg|90px]] [[Image:OFLC large M.svg|280px]]
 
'''M (Recommended for mature audiences)''' - These films and computer games contain material that requires a mature perspective. This classification was formerly known as M15+. There is no restriction on access.
 
The content is moderate in impact.
 
''Note that the classifications above this point are advisory in nature only--they are not legally binding. By contrast, the classifications below are legally restricted--i.e., it is illegal to sell or exhibit materials so classified to a person younger than the respective age limit.''
 
[[Image:OFLC small MA15+.svg|90px]] [[Image:OFLC large MA15+.svg|280px]]
 
'''MA15+ (Not suitable for under 15s)''' - The content is considered unsuitable for exhibition by persons under the age of 15. Persons under 15 may only legally purchase or exhibit MA15+ rated content under the supervision of an adult guardian. This is a legally restricted category.
 
The content is strong in impact.
 
There are four classification categories for video games: G, PG, M, MA15+. Video games which exceed the impact of what the MA15+ rating allows are refused classification (RC). Games refused classification may be edited and resubmitted by their developers to garner an MA15+ classification.
 
People under 15 are not permitted to purchase or rent films or video games classified MA15+ unless they are accompanied by a parent or adult guardian.
 
The content is strong in impact.
 
[[Image:OFLC small R18+.svg|90px]] [[Image:OFLC large R18+.svg|280px]]
 
'''R18+ (Restricted)''' - People under 18 cannot buy, rent or exhibit these films.
 
The content is high in impact.
 
[[Image:OFLC small X18+.svg|90px]] [[Image:OFLC large X18+.svg|280px]]
 
'''X18+ (Pornographic)''' - People under 18 cannot exhibit, buy or rent films that have been issued this classification.
 
This rating applies to pornographic content.
 
Films rated X18+ are currently legally available for purchase in only the [[Australian Capital Territory|ACT]] and the [[Northern Territory]]. However these films maybe legally purchased from interstate via mail-order. Enforcement is relaxed and most adult shops carry extensive stock of X18+ material.
 
'''Refused Classification''' (RC)
 
Films which are very high in impact and/or contain any type of violence in conjunction with real sexual intercourse are Refused Classification by the OFLC. The reasons why a film may be refused classification that:
 
*Depict, express or otherwise deals with matters of sex, drug misuse or addiction, crime, cruelty, violence or revolting or abhorrent phenomena in such a way that they offend against the standards of morality, decency and propriety generally accepted by reasonable adults to the extent that they should not be classified.
 
*Depict in a way that is likely to cause offense to a reasonable adult a minor who is, or who appears to be, under 16 (whether or not engaged in sexual activity).
 
*Promote, incite or instruct in matters of crime or violence.
 
Classification is mandatory, and movies that are refused classification by the OFLC are [[Banned films|banned]] for sale, hire, public exhibition or importation into Australia. It is illegal to possess content that has been Refused Classification.
 
=== Previous Video Game Ratings ===
''These ratings are still shown on some older video games that are still on sale in Australia''
{|
| [[Image:OFCL_Australia Rating_-_G.png|OFLC Rating: G]] || '''G''' — '''General ''': The G classification is for a general audience.
|-
| [[Image:OFCL_Australia Rating_-_G8-.png|OFLC Rating: G8+]] || '''G8+''' — '''General for children over 8 years of age''': Material classified G8+ may contain material which some children find confusing or upsetting, and may require the guidance of parents or guardians. It is not recommended for viewing by people under 8 without guidance from parents or guardians. ''This rating has since been changed to PG.''
|-
| [[Image:OFCL_Australia Rating_-_M15-.png|OFLC Rating: M15+]] || '''M15+''' — '''Mature''': Material classified M15+ is not recommended for people under 15 years of age. However, there are no legal restrictions on access. ''This rating has since been changed to M to prevent confusion with the stronger MA15+ classification.''
|-
| [[Image:OFCL_Australia_Rating_-_MA15-.png|OFLC Rating: MA15+ (Mature Restricted)]] || '''MA15+''' — '''Mature Restricted''': Material classified MA15+ is considered unsuitable for people under 15 years of age. It is a legally restricted category. People under the age of 15 are not allowed to purchase or hire unless accompanied by a parent or adult guardian.
|}
 
== Literature Ratings ==
[[Image:OFCL Australia Lit Rating- U.gif|Unrestricted]] – '''Unrestricted'''
<br><br>
[[Image:OFCL Australia Lit Rating - UM.gif|Unrestricted Mature]] &ndash; '''Unrestricted &ndash; Mature'''- Not recommended for readers under 15.
<br><br>
[[Image:OFCL Australia Lit Rating - R1.gif|Restricted Category 1]] &ndash; '''Restricted Category 1''' &ndash; Not available to persons under 18 years.
<br><br>
[[Image:OFCL Australia Lit Rating - R2.gif|Restricted Category 2]] &ndash; '''Restricted Category 2''' &ndash; [[Pornographic]] in nature; restricted as above.
<br><br>
Any literature that does not fall into any of the above catergories is ''Refused Classification''.
 
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