Stesen Pennsylvania: Perbezaan antara semakan

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(Dicipta dengan menterjemah laman "Pennsylvania Station (New York City)")
 
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{{Infobox station
 
| name = Pennsylvania Station<br/><small>New York, NY</small>
{{Kotak info stesen|name=Pennsylvania Station<br/><small>New York, NY</small>|style=Amtrak|type=[[Amtrak]] [[inter-city rail]] station <br>[[Long Island Rail Road]] [[commuter rail]] terminal <br>[[NJ Transit Rail Operations|NJ Transit]] commuter rail terminal|image=Penn Station NYC main entrance.jpg|caption=Entrance on Seventh Avenue, with Madison Square Garden and Penn Plaza in the background|address=[[Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)|7th]] & [[Eighth Avenue (Manhattan)|8th]] Avenues, between [[31st Street (Manhattan)|31st]] & [[33rd Street (Manhattan)|33rd]] Streets<br>New York, NY 10001|coordinates={{Coord|40.750638|N|73.993899|W|format=dms|type:railwaystation_region:US-NY_scale:10000|display=inline,title}}|owned=[[Amtrak]]|line=[[Northeast Corridor]], [[Empire Corridor]]|platform=11 [[island platform]]s|tracks=21|connections=:'''[[New York City Subway|MTA New York City Subway]]''':
| style = Amtrak
| type = [[Amtrak]] [[inter-city rail]] station <br>[[Long Island Rail Road]] [[commuter rail]] terminal <br>[[NJ Transit Rail Operations|NJ Transit]] commuter rail terminal
| image = Penn Station NYC main entrance.jpg
| caption = Entrance on Seventh Avenue, with Madison Square Garden and Penn Plaza in the background
| address = [[Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)|7th]] & [[Eighth Avenue (Manhattan)|8th]] Avenues, between [[31st Street (Manhattan)|31st]] & [[33rd Street (Manhattan)|33rd]] Streets<br>New York, NY 10001
| coordinates = {{Coord|40.750638|N|73.993899|W|format=dms|type:railwaystation_region:US-NY_scale:10000|display=inline,title}}
| owned = [[Amtrak]]
| line = [[Northeast Corridor]], [[Empire Corridor]]
| platform = 11 [[island platform]]s
| tracks = 21
| connections = :'''[[New York City Subway|MTA New York City Subway]]''':
:{{NYCS Broadway-Seventh south|time=bullets}} at [[34th Street–Penn Station (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)|34th Street–Penn Station]] (7th Avenue)
:{{NYCS Eighth south|time=bullets}} at [[34th Street–Penn Station (IND Eighth Avenue Line)|34th Street–Penn Station]] (8th Avenue)
:{{bus icon|12px|Intercity Bus}} '''[[Greyhound Lines]]''': [[BoltBus]] and NeOn
:{{bus icon|12px|Intercity Bus}} '''[[Megabus (United States)|Megabus]]''': M21, M22, M23, M24, M27
:{{bus icon|12px|Intercity Bus}} '''[[Vamoose Bus]]'''
:{{bus icon|12px|Intercity Bus}} '''[[Vamoose Bus]]'''|ADA=yes|bicycle=|parking=|code=[[List of Amtrak station codes|Amtrak]]: [https://web.archive.org/web/20160206133151/https://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=am%2Fam2Station%2FStation_Page&code=NYP NYP] <br>[[IATA]]: ZYP|zone=[[City Terminal Zone|Zone 1]] (LIRR)<br />Zone 1 (NJ Transit)|opened=[[Pennsylvania Station (1910–1963)|1910]]|rebuilt=1963–1968|electrified=yes, all tracks|passengers=|mpassengers={{rail pass box|system=NJT|passengers=27,296,100 <small>Annually</small><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.njtransit.com/pdf/FactsAtaGlance.pdf |title=NJ TRANSIT FACTS AT A GLANCE |publisher=New Jersey Transit |accessdate=October 2, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://patch.com/new-jersey/hoboken/how-many-riders-use-nj-transit-s-hoboken-train-station|title=How Many Riders Use NJ Transit's Hoboken Train Station?|work=Hoboken Patch|access-date=July 18, 2018|language=en}}</ref><!--93,305 weekday arrivals and departures from Penn Station. Breakdown for Saturday and Sunday is not given but it can be calculated by looking at the percentage drop in total ridership. 307853 total trips took place on NJ Transit on a weekday, 104088 took place on Saturday and 87709 on Sunday. Which means ridership on Saturday is 33.8% that of an average weekday and ridership on Sunday is 28.5% that of a weekday. Which gives (93305*0.338) = 31547 arrivals and departures from Penn Station on Saturday and (93305*0.285) = 26853 arrivals and departures from Penn Station Sunday. Giving us a yearly total of ((93305*5)+31547+26853)*52 = '''27,296,100'''-->|pass_year=FY2017}}
| ADA = yes
| bicycle =
| parking =
| code = [[List of Amtrak station codes|Amtrak]]: [https://web.archive.org/web/20160206133151/https://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=am%2Fam2Station%2FStation_Page&code=NYP NYP] <br>[[IATA]]: ZYP
| zone = [[City Terminal Zone|Zone 1]] (LIRR)<br />Zone 1 (NJ Transit)
| opened = [[Pennsylvania Station (1910–1963)|1910]]
| rebuilt = 1963–1968
| electrified = yes, all tracks
| passengers =
:{{bus icon|12px|Intercity Bus}}mpassengers '''[[Vamoose Bus]]'''|ADA=yes|bicycle=|parking=|code=[[List of Amtrak station codes|Amtrak]]: [https://web.archive.org/web/20160206133151/https://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=am%2Fam2Station%2FStation_Page&code=NYP NYP] <br>[[IATA]]: ZYP|zone=[[City Terminal Zone|Zone 1]] (LIRR)<br />Zone 1 (NJ Transit)|opened=[[Pennsylvania Station (1910–1963)|1910]]|rebuilt=1963–1968|electrified=yes, all tracks|passengers=|mpassengers={{rail pass box|system=NJT|passengers=27,296,100 <small>Annually</small><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.njtransit.com/pdf/FactsAtaGlance.pdf |title=NJ TRANSIT FACTS AT A GLANCE |publisher=New Jersey Transit |accessdate=October 2, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://patch.com/new-jersey/hoboken/how-many-riders-use-nj-transit-s-hoboken-train-station|title=How Many Riders Use NJ Transit's Hoboken Train Station?|work=Hoboken Patch|access-date=July 18, 2018|language=en}}</ref><!--93,305 weekday arrivals and departures from Penn Station. Breakdown for Saturday and Sunday is not given but it can be calculated by looking at the percentage drop in total ridership. 307853 total trips took place on NJ Transit on a weekday, 104088 took place on Saturday and 87709 on Sunday. Which means ridership on Saturday is 33.8% that of an average weekday and ridership on Sunday is 28.5% that of a weekday. Which gives (93305*0.338) = 31547 arrivals and departures from Penn Station on Saturday and (93305*0.285) = 26853 arrivals and departures from Penn Station Sunday. Giving us a yearly total of ((93305*5)+31547+26853)*52 = '''27,296,100'''-->|pass_year=FY2017}}
{{rail pass box|system=Amtrak|passengers=10,397,729 <small>Annually</small><ref>{{cite web |title= Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of New York|publisher= [[Amtrak]] |date= November 2017 |url= https://www.amtrak.com/content/dam/projects/dotcom/english/public/documents/corporate/statefactsheets/NEWYORK17.pdf |format= PDF |accessdate= January 23, 2008}}</ref>
|pass_year=FY2017}}
{{rail pass box|system=LIRR|passengers=69,722,560 <small>Annually; based on average arrivals and departures</small><ref>http://web.mta.info/mta/news/books/docs/2017%20LIRR%20Ridership%20Book.pdf</ref><!--117180 daily weekday arrivals, 116160 daily weekday departures, 48960 Saturday arrivals, 48470 Saturday departures, 36950 Sunday arrivals, 40700 Sunday departures. This gives us a yearly total of ((117180+116160)*5+(48960+48470)+(36950+40700))*52 = '''69,722,560'''-->|pass_year=FY2017}}|pass_year=|pass_percent=|services_collapsible=yes|services={{Adjacent stations|system1=Amtrak
| pass_year =
| pass_percent =
| services_collapsible = yes
| services = {{Adjacent stations|system1=Amtrak
|line1=Acela Express|left1=Newark Penn|right1=Stamford
|line2=Vermonter|left2=Newark Penn|right2=Stamford
|line23=Raritan Valley|left23=Secaucus Junction|note-mid23=limited service
|line24=Gladstone|left24=Secaucus Junction|note-mid24=limited service
}}
}}|other_services_header=Former services|other_services_collapsible=yes|other_services={{Adjacent stations|system1=NJ Transit
| other_services_header = Former services
| other_services_collapsible = yes
}}|other_services_header=Former services|other_services_collapsible=yes|other_services = {{Adjacent stations|system1=NJ Transit
|line1=ACES|left1=Newark Penn
|system2=Amtrak
|line8=Three Rivers|left8=Newark, New Jersey|note-mid8=''1995–2005''
|line9=National Limited|left9=Newark, New Jersey|to-right9=New York
}}
}}|map_type=Manhattan#New York City#New York#United States|map_alt=Location of Pennsylvania Station in New York City|map_caption=Location in New York City|map_size=<!-- Width of map -->|map_dot_label=<!-- Text to be displayed next to dot on map image -->|map_label_position=top}}
| map_type = Manhattan#New York City#New York#United States
| map_alt = Location of Pennsylvania Station in New York City
| map_caption = Location in New York City
| map_size = <!-- Width of map -->
| map_dot_label = <!-- Text to be displayed next to dot on map image -->
| map_label_position = top
}}
 
'''Stesen Pennsylvania''', yang juga dikenali sebagai '''Stesen New York Penn''' atau '''Stesen''' '''Penn''', merupakan [[stesen kereta api]] antara bandar utama di [[Bandar Raya New York|New York City]] dan yang paling sibuk di [[Hemisfera Barat]], yang melayani lebih daripada 600,000 penumpang setiap hari bekerja {{Setakat|2019}}.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/24/nyregion/old-penn-station-pictures-new-york.html|title=When the Old Penn Station Was Demolished, New York Lost Its Faith|last=Michael Kimmelman|date=April 24, 2019|access-date=April 24, 2019|work=The New York Times}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2018-01-10/the-most-awful-transit-center-in-america-could-get-unimaginably-worse|title=The Most Awful Transit Center in America Could Get Unimaginably Worse|last=Devin Leonard|date=January 10, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=November 14, 2018}}</ref> Penn Station di Midtown Manhattan, berhampiran dengan Herald Square, yang [[Bangunan Empire State]], Koreatown, dan Herald Square Macy. Di bawah tanah, stesen ini terletak di Midtown Selatan di bawah [[Madison Square Garden]], antara Jalan Ketujuh dan Kelapan dan antara 31st dan 33th Street, dengan jalan keluar tambahan ke jalan-jalan yang berdekatan.
 
Stesen Penn dinamakan untuk Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), pembina dan penyewa asalnya, dan berkongsi namanya dengan beberapa stesen di bandar lain. Kemudahan masa kini adalah sisa bawah tanah yang diubahsuai dari Stesen Pennsylvania asal, bangunan stesen yang lebih mewah yang direka oleh McKim, Mead, dan White dan dianggap sebagai karya seni [[Seni bina Beaux-Arts|Beaux-Arts]]. Disiapkan pada tahun 1910, ia membolehkan akses kereta api langsung ke New York City dari selatan untuk kali pertama. Kepala rumahnya telah hancur pada tahun 1963, merangsang pergerakan [[Pemuliharaan sejarah|pemeliharaan bersejarah]] moden. <ref name="Gray 2001">{{Cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/20/realestate/streetscapes-destruction-penn-station-1960-s-protest-that-tried-save-piece-past.html|title=Streetscapes/'The Destruction of Penn Station'; A 1960's Protest That Tried to Save a Piece of the Past|last=Gray|first=Christopher|date=May 20, 2001|website=The New York Times|access-date=September 6, 2018}}</ref> Selebihnya stesen itu dibina semula dalam enam tahun berikutnya, sambil mengekalkan sebahagian besar infrastruktur kereta api dari stesen asal.
 
Rancangan masa depan untuk Penn Station termasuk menambah platform kereta api di hujung selatan stesen untuk menampung dua terowong Program Gateway dicadangkan. Rancangan juga memanggil untuk menambah pintu masuk dan perkompangan ke Bangunan James A. Farley bersebelahan. Pejabat Farley Post dibina sebagai teman kepada stesen 1910. Balai Keretapi Moynihan, sebahagian daripada Kompleks Stesen Empire, akan menambah rangkaian baru untuk LIRR dan Amtrak dalam bangunan Farley Post Office dan dibina secara berperingkat. <ref name="Tangel West 2016">{{Cite web|url=https://www.wsj.com/articles/proposed-name-of-revamped-penn-station-surprises-moynihan-officials-1452277666|title=New Name for Revamped Penn Station Surprises Moynihan Officials, Sparks Debate|last=Tangel|first=Andrew|last2=West|first2=Melanie Grayce|date=January 8, 2016|website=WSJ|access-date=March 6, 2019}}</ref>
 
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